Leather Archives & Museum

 

 

1970
TimeEvent
1970:The explicitly homoerotic SM film Born to Raise Hell starring Val Martin, produced by Terry LeGrand and directed by Roger Earl, is released in Los Angeles. It remains a classic of the genre to this date.
1970:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldCruising a murder mystery novel by Jay Green set in New York's leather bars. When later made into a movie starring Al Pacino it was the subject of vocal demonstrations by gay activists who objected to the portrayals.
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Young Master by William Lambert III, one of the best from this prolific author of gay erotica with an SM twist.
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeather Ad V1: M and V2: S novels by Larry Townsend.Sex and the Lash Lovers by R. Rodgers Kingman.
1970:Michael Holm starts Revolt Press in Sweden. He publishes Tom of Finland's books of artwork, and later starts Mr. SM and Toy magazines.
1970:Formation of Boston Bike Club; Centaur MC of Richmond VA; Druids MC of Washington DC; Entre Nous of Boston; The Lake Riders of Chicago; the Libertines of Kansas City; MS Amsterdam, MSC Rhein-Main Frankfurt; MC Kemo of Montreal; PCMC of Los Angeles; Praetorians of New York City; The San Franciscans; South Pacific MC of Sydney; Southern Cross MC of Melbourne; Spearhead of Toronto; TOR MC of Toronto and Vulcan Rubber Club of Washington DC. New York First, a council of New York motorcycle clubs is formed.
1970:Spearhead holds its first Roundup run and the Vanguards hold their first Oktoberfest. The first Leather Sabbat is held in Washington DC.
1970:Leather bar openings include: the Barn in NYC; Boots in Ft. Lauderdale; The Cellblock in NYC, The Leather Game in Los Angeles; The Leather Stallion in Cleveland, the Eagle's Nest, NYC; the Triangle in NYC,
1970:Professor Louis Compton of the University of Nebraska teaches the first gay studies course in the US.
1970:The Gay Activists Alliance selects the Greek letter lambda as a symbol of the gay movement.
1970, Jan.:Troy Perry More than 250 homosexuals, led by the Rev. Troy Perry, march for police reform on Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles.
1970, Jan.:Customs officials seize and seek permission to destroy, ten artworks from an international erotic exhibit scheduled to show in New York City. Permission is denied by a New York court citing the First Ammendment.
1970, March:A gay San Francisco postal worker fights an attempt by the Civil Service commission to terminate him for "moral incompetency," recovering his job in November, and paving the road for future Civil Service Commission reforms.
1970, June:Celebrating the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, the first gay pride parades/marches/rallies are held in New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles. Cycle MC marches in the Christopher Street Liberation Day parade in NYC.
1970, July 6:Troy Perry, founder of Metropolitan Community Church, and a leatherman, sits on the steps of the Federal Building in Los Angeles refusing to eat or leave until someone from the city of Los Angeles comes and talks to him about Gay rights. Eleven days later city Councilman Robert Stevenson holds a curbside meeting with Perry, ending his vigil.
1970, Aug.:North American Conference of Homophile Organizations (NACHO) holds its final meeting in San Francisco. Morris Knight leads street people in to smash NACHO. "Anarchy faced off with arrogant conservatism, and anarchy won," says Jim Kepner.
1970, Sept.:The Federal Commission on Obscenity and Pornography urges the repeal of most anti-pornography laws.
1970, Nov. 25:Yukio Mishima commits ritual suicide after a failed attempt to incite a riot at a Military school in Japan. (Born Jan. 14, 1925).

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1971
TimeEvent
1971:The In Between opens at 1347 Folsom in San Francisco, in between FeBe's and the Ramrod. It soon metamorphosed into the No Name, a popular leather bar.
1971:The first FFA run is held in Cambria CA.
1971:Formation of Argonauts, Cycle Runners MC, Koalas, and LOBOC in California; Chicago Knights MC; Keystone Riders in Philadelphia; Kingmasters in Los Angeles, Northern Riding Club in the UK; Scorpions MC (originally Centaur MC's DC chapter) in DC; Thunderbolts MC in Connecticut; Tribe MC in Detroit and Unicorns MC in Cleveland. The Boston Bike Club disbands.
1971:Runs initiated include The Centaur's Olympia, Entre Nous' Days of Equinox and Hell-Za-Popper held jointly by Wheels and Nine Plus.
1971:Leather bar openings include: the Bootcamp in San Francisco, DC Eagle, The Ramrod in Phoenix, the Stockade in NYC and the 247 in Philadelphia.
1971:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldAll or Nothing by Dirk Vaden, one of the most popular leather novels of its time.
LA&M serving the fetish worldRun Little Leather Boy and The Scorpius Equation, two of Larry Townsend's best early novels.
LA&M serving the fetish worldHistory of Flagellation in two photo illustrated volumes by Jon A. Peterssen.
1971, Jan. 3:First lesbian center in the US opens in New York City, sponsored by the NY Chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis.
1971, Feb.:The Eulenspiegel Society is founded in New York City as North America's first SM organization. It is open to all sexes and orientations.
1971, Apr.:Bob Ross begins publishing the Bay Area Reporter, aka the B.A.R., in San Francisco. Mr. Marcus begins his leather column in this newspaper in August of 1971. As of this writing in Jan,. 1999, both the paper and the column are still going strong after 28 years!
1971, Apr. 30:Richard Chinn and John Cantrell are arrested in downtown Chicago for kissing each other in public.
1971 Aug. 5:The Bootcamp, a uniform themed bar opens at 1010 Bryant St. in San Francisco. Marcus Hernandez, aka Mr. Marcus, is manager.
1971, Aug. 29:Tribe M.C. (later Tribe Detroit, Inc.) founded.
1971, Aug.:In Chicago: Thirteen men decide to organize a group specifically to hold gay male SM play parties and the Chicago Hellfire Club is created.

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1972
TimeEvent
1972:The Folsom St. Barracks at 1147 Folsom St in San Francisco is the city's first leather oriented "Bathhouse".
1972:Marcus Hernandez, leather bar manager and leather columnist for The Advocate and later for the B.A.R., is selected as the first gay Emperor of San Francisco. (Not counting the Emperor Norton, of course.)
1972:Knights of MaltaFormation of Atlantis MC (originally Unicorn/Atlanta) in Atlanta; Atons of Minneapolis; Bucks MC in Pennsylvania; Celtics MC in Mississippi; Hawks MC in Los Angeles; the Interclub Fund in San Francisco; Iron Cross MC in Montreal; Knights of Malta, Black Rose Chapter, Portland OR; Knights of Malta, Emerald Chapter in Seattle; NY Levi Club; Omaha Meatpackers; Rainbow MC in California; The Selectmen of Detroit, The Stallions of Cleveland; and Titan MC of Boston.
1972:Frank Ball founds TAIL, The "Total Ass Involvement League," with members all over the world who communicate through frequently published newsletters, and membership rosters with carefully coded indications of sexual specifics offered and sought.
1972:Marshall Loeb begins publication of SMads, which offers gay male subscribers a chance to place and respond to explicitly SM personal ads.
1972:Cycle MC sponsors its first tour to New Orleans for Mardi Gras.
1972:Iron Cross publishes first issue of its newsletter Crossroads and Nine Plus publishes last issue of its Scimitar.
1972:Two New York leather bar institutions, the Ramrod and The Spike (formerly the Stockade) open. Nine Plus moves to a new location between The Spike and The Eagle.
1972:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldBlack In White IN by K. Kevork, Interracial gay sex with strong elements of SM.
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Persian Boy by Mary Renault, a novel that follows a slaveboy in the service of Alexander the Great.
LA&M serving the fetish worldPunishment, An Illustrated History by Peter N. Walker
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Leatherman's Handbook by Larry Townsend, the first non-fiction book about gay male leather lifestyles.
1972:Producer Terry LeGrand and Director Roger Earl make a gay male SM film starring Val Martin and a large cast. Born to Raise Hell is still regarded as one of the best gay male SM films ever made.
1972:R. Litman and C. Swearingen, in an article in the Archives of General Psychiatry, describe a "bondage subculture" in the USA. This is the first such reference to any leather group recognized as a "subculture" in the professional literature.
1972, April:The (San Francisco) Bay Area Reporter newspaper begins publishing a column devoted to leather related news, gossip and information written by "Mr. Marcus," (Marcus Hernandez.) The first, and longest running, column of its type, in 1999 it is still going strong!
1972, April 4:Atons of Minneapolis founded.
1972, May:Chuck Holmes sends out his first mail order flyer for gay erotic 8mm films, one of which starred the legendary king of porn John Holmes (no relation). The business would eventually become Falcon, one of the biggest gay video companies in the world.
1972, May 2:Death of J. Edgar Hoover, for many years the director of the US Bureau of Investigation. For years his federal police force had kept surveillance records on thousands of individuals and organizations including many that were gay or engaged in other sexual activities beyond vanilla. After his death stories surfaced about his 44 year "friendship" with Clyde Tolson (1900-1975) who was his right hand man at the FBI and was his housemate outside the office. Photos of Hoover in female drag have also appeared. It seems that our FBI director, who could blackmail Mafia dons and presidents with ease, was both homosexual and homophobe!
1972, June 27: Gay News, England's first gay newspaper, founded.
1972, July: Queen's Quarterly a New York based gay male magazine includes a very well illustrated article on the life and work of leather/SM publisher and artist, Steve Masters in Vol 4, #4.
1972, Aug.:Los Angeles police raid a HELP (Homophile Effort for Legal Protection) monthly fundraiser at the Black Pipe, a major leather bar. Among those arrested: HELP president Larry Townsend. The police are surprised when the organization fights back. Some consider this the West Coast Stonewall.
1972, Oct.:In a contest held at the Chicago Leather bar, the Gold Coast, John Lunning becomes Mr. Gold Coast. The FIRST leather title holder.

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1973
TimeEvent
1973:The American sex researchers John Gagnon and William Simon publish Sexual Conduct: The Social Sources of Human Sexuality, introducing the concept of "scripted behavior" into research.
1973:The US Supreme Court, ruling in Miller v. California, defines obscenity as a violation of the community standards in the location where it is viewed.
1973:The National Gay Task Force is founded.
1973:The Leather Fraternity, a contact club newsletter for leathermen is started in Los Angeles by "Robert Payne".
1973:Tom of Finland's first exhibition of original art, the illustrations for the book, The Loggers, is held in the back room of a sex shop in Hamburg. It is a disaster, poorly hung, poorly lit, no sales, and most of the art disappears.
1973:Formation of the Argonauts of Wisconsin in Green Bay; Cin City CC in Cincinnati; Colorado Riders in Denver; Cycle men South in San Diego; Denim Guy Club in Australia; Gateway MC in St. Louis; Kansas City Falcons MC; Loge 70 in Switzerland; Long Island Spuds, Monterey Dons in California, MSC London in the UK; Northern Lights in Montreal; Olympian Cycle Corps in Dallas; The Pride Chicago; Rochester Rams, NY; Roo Bike Club, Sydney; Saddlemasters, Illinois, SF GDI; Silver Star MC, Milwaukee; Thebans MC (Originally FLLA), Miami; Tridents MC International and Wrangler MC Dallas. The Mid-America (Originally MidWest) Conference of Clubs formed.
1973:Inaugural issues of newsletters: Atlantian from Atlantis MC; The Bolt from Thunderbolt and Scene and Machine from D. B. I. Corp, Washington DC. The latter newsletter publishes a list of leather bars in the US, Canada and Puerto Rico. And holds the first Mr. Scene & Machine contest at the NY Eagle--won by Mr. DC Eagle, Johnny Albert.
1973:Inaugural runs: Atlantis MC's Dogwood; and Omaha Meatpacker's Rough Out.
1973:The Thunderbolt's clubhouse burns.
1973:The Red Star Saloon opens, it is connected to the Barracks bathhouse, and is noted for it's sleaze, as exemplified by its Chuck Arnette watersports ads and posters.
1973:Folsom Prison, a leather bar at Folsom & 14th St. opens in San Francisco. It closes in 1977.
1973:Ron Johnson becomes manager of the No Name in San Francisco and converts it into a kind of Performance Art Leather Bar which becomes wildly popular.
1973:The End Up opens in San Francisco and The Interchange Saloon opens in Detroit.
1973, March 3:Two policemen shoot it out in a Sacramento, California, public toilet after one tries to arrest the other for "oral copulation."
1973, April 28:Mid-America Conference founded during the 8th anniversary run of 2nd City MC in Chicago.
1973, May 6:600 protestors link hands across New York's George Washington Bridge in a demonstration for gay rights.
1973 Nov.:The Ambush opens at Harrison and Dore in San Francisco, and attracts a unique laid back crowd of leather hippies. It remains a unique leather bar until it closes in 1986.

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1974
TimeEvent
1974, Early:The German physician Andreas Spengler begins a sociological study on the German homosexual sadomasochistic subculture.
1974:Rob Meijer opens RoB Amsterdam leather shop in Amsterdam. The shop becomes legendary for it's quality and design, and expands to become one of the leading erotic art galleries in the world and THE leading gallery for leather male art.
1974:Tom's Saloon opens in Hamburg, decorated with numerous huge photo murals of specially commissioned Tom of Finland drawings.
1974:Formation of The Alabama Celtics MC (originally Celtics MC Azalea chapter, later Celts MC, Mobile); BALL MC (Bay Area Leather/Levi MC), Tampa/St. Petersburg; Celtics MC, New Orleans; Corps of Rangers, Los Angeles, Handlebar MC, Seattle; Houston MC; Ili Holo Hawaii; International Roadmasters, Detroit; Iron Cross MC, Los Angeles; Knights d'Orleans; Knights of Malta, Western Chapter, Reno; The Lanyards, Toronto; The Links MC, DC; Midland Link MSC, Worcester, UK; MSC Berlin; MSC Hamburg; MSC Panther Koln; NY Ontario Leather Club, Buffalo, Pennine Chain MSC, Cheshire, UK; The Philadelphians MC; Regiment of the Black and Tans, Los Angeles; Rodeo Riders, Elkhart, IN (later Chicago); The Shipmates, Baltimore; SLM Copenhagen; Society of Janus, San Francisco; Sons of Apollo MC, Phoenix; Swords de Montreal; Trash MC, NYC; and Zodiac Fraternal Society, Vancouver BC.
1974:Formation of the Mid-America Conference of Clubs in Chicago, The Forum in San Francisco, and in Europe, ECMC, European Conference of Motorcycle Clubs.
1974:First "Let Us Entertain You" weekend sponsored by the leather clubs of Houston on the weekend following Mardi Gras.
1974:Bar openings include: The Bike Stop in Philadelphia; Gauntlet, NYC; The Horseshoe Saloon, DC; Munich Eagle; A/J Ranch, Harper's Ferry WV; and the Strap, NYC.
1974:Lambda Rising Bookstore opens in Washington DC.
1974:The Leather Underground opens in Baltimore
1974:Bella Abzug and Edward Koch become the first members of the US House of Representatives to introduce legislation prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation.
1974:Robert Opel strips naked in the Los Angeles City Council Chambers during a meeting of the council.
1974:Jim Ward, a jeweler, meets Doug Malloy a wealthy man who had made a lifelong study of body piercing in various cultures. They become lovers, partners, and in 1975, the founders of the body piercing business, Gauntlet.
1974:The Society of Janus is started in the San Francisco Bay area by Cynthia Slater. It is an SM interest group open to all genders and orientations.
1974:The first World Congress of Sexuality is held in Paris.
1974:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldGay Bondage issue #1 magazine edited by "Tau" (Jim-Ed Thompson). Produced after Jim Ed had convinced the House of Milan, for which he worked as an editor of heterosexual SM titles, to try a gay title. After three issues they are convinced and Gay Bondage is replaced by Action Male, a magazine of more general gay male leather interests.
LA&M serving the fetish worldS-M The Last Taboo by Gerald and Caroline Greene.
LA&M serving the fetish worldBound to Serve, first issue, the photo magazine of gay male bondage and SM lasts for 10 issues, through 1980.
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Story of Harold a novel by Terry Andrews, which features sm images of burning
1974, Feb 14:Opening night for Doric Wilson and Peter de Valle's Off Off Broadway theatre TOSOS (The Other Side Of Silence) with de Valle's revue Lovers featuring a Leather couple and the song "Belt & Leather".
1974, Feb 14:Sally Rand Fan Dancer Sally Rand performs at Man's Country Music Hall in Chicago (she is in her 70's) setting a precedent that years later allows for nude performances in this theatre.
1974, Apr. 2:Robert Opel appears naked on television worldwide as he streaks the Oscar award ceremony.
1974, Apr. 8:Members of the American Psychiatric Association agree with its trustees to stop listing homosexuality as a mental disorder.
1974, May:The first demonstration of gay activists in Portugal, seeking repeal of anti-sodomy laws.
1974, May 18:a study conducted by the Sex Research Institute of Indiana University recommends ending laws and harassment against adult consenting homosexuals.
1974, June 21:The last defendants in the LAPD raid of a HELP fundraiser at the Black Pipe are cleared of all charges.
1974, July 19:Los Angeles Temple Beth Chayim Chadashim (founded in 1972) is chartered by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations becoming the first gay religious organization to receive such official recognition.
1974, Aug.:The Society of Janus publishes it's first newsletter. It will become the club's well known Growing Pains.

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1975
TimeEvent
1975:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Boy Keeper by Carl Strater
LA&M serving the fetish worldConfessions of O, Conversations with Pauline Reage by Regine Deforges in France, US edition in 1979.
LA&M serving the fetish worldTailpipe Trucker by Clay Caldwell.
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Book of Terms, Symbols, Abbreviations by R.F.M. A Glossary to help in reading the SM personal ads.
LA&M serving the fetish worldDiscipline & Punishment, The Birth of the Prison by Michael Foucault in France. English edition in 1979.
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Collection of SM edited, and partially written, by RFM. This is the first, aside from his autobiography, in a series of magazine sized anthologies of gay male SM erotica to be published by RFM.
LA&M serving the fetish worldCare and Training of the Male Slave, by Robert Payne the first of a series of this title.
LA&M serving the fetish worldMy Life as a Masochist Volume 1, an autobiography by RFM (Roger Mays). Volume 2 follows in 1977.
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Story of Harold by Terry Andrews. new edition. This one includes illustrations by Edward Gory.
1975:Robert Payne publishes a book of still photos from the SM film, Night of Submission.
1975: The Story of O is made into a Movie.
1975: The Advocate, the only nationally circulated Gay newspaper, is purchased by David Goodstein and moved from Los Angeles to San Mateo, California.
1975:Pier Paolo Pasolini, poet, film maker, and political activist, is murdered in Italy by a hustler. (Born March 5, 1922)
1975:French philosopher Michel Foucault spends much of the year teaching at Berkeley, and being thrilled by the liberated gay sexuality he found in San Francisco, especially in the bathhouses. He becomes particularly fascinated by "limit-experiences" such as SM. He continued to visit San Francisco through 1983.
1975:Formation of ASMC, American Social Mens Club, Boston; Association Sportive Motorcycliste de France; Battalion Motorcycle Corps, Dallas; The Blackhawk MC, Richmond VA; Black Sabbath San Franciscans MC; Blue Max Cycle Club, St. Louis; Brothers MC, Jacksonville; Centurion MC, SF; Chicago Cossacks Brotherhood; Colts MC, Ft. Lauderdale, Conquistadors MC, Orlando; Elagabulus MC, Norwood, South Australia; Excelsior MC, NYC; Five Star MC, New Zealand; Hawaii Club, LA; Heart of Texas MC, Austin; Iron Guard BCE, NYC; Kansas City Pioneers; Knights of Malta, 49ers Chapter, SF; Knights of Malta Stockmen's Chapter, Denver; Militia MC, Norfolk, VA; Mini Bikers MC, New Orleans; MSC North West, New Brighton, UK; Munchner Leder Club; Nova NYC' Ottawa Knights; Rodeo Riders, Chicago; Rurals MC, Roermund, Netherlands; Sierra Mountaineers, South Lake Tahoe; Sierra Pacific Rangers; Signs of Zodiac, Detroit; SLM Stockholm (originally SLM Sweden); Sternwheelers, Louisville, KY; Space City MC, Houston; Sunrays MC, Miami; Sunrays MC, Miami; Tejas MC, Houston; Trade-Winds of Chicago; Voyagers, New Bedford, MA; Vulcan Rubber Club, Boston Chapter; and Yorktown Levi Denim Club, Toronto. Inter Club Fund incorporated in San Francisco and Southern Conference of Motorcycle Clubs formed.
1975:Bar openings include: The Cell Block, Philadelphia; The Chamber, Kansas City; Hombre, SF; and Knolle, Berlin. The Exchange, a leather shop in the Columbus OH Eagle, opens as does the Emporium in San Francisco.
1975:The Catacombs, a private club for SM and, primarily, fisting opens in San Francisco.
1975:Gauntlet, a business devoted to body piercing, is started by Jim Ward and Doug Malloy.
1975:Larry Townsend founds, and becomes president of the Hollywood Hills Democratic Club, the first openly gay political club in Los Angeles, and possibly anywhere.
1975, Apr. 15:Gay Students Union of UCLA presents a panel discussion on SM as a part of Gay Awareness Week II, Fred Halsted, Joey Yale and 2 others are invited to present.
1975, June:John Embry, Alternate Publishing, begins publication of Drummer magazine.
1975, June 4:Fred HalstedFred Halsted's film Sextool opens at the Lincoln Art Theater in New York City at the O'Farrel Theater in San Francisco. It will also be screened at the Museum of Modern Art in New York and at the San Francisco Art Institute and Joey Yale, it's star, will be featured on the cover of People magazine.
1975, July 4The Federal Civil Service Commission bans the arbitrary dismissal of, or refusal to hire, known homosexuals.
1975, July:The first Prairie Fire run jointly sponsored by 2nd City MC, Chicago Knights MC and The Pride Chicago.
1975, Aug.:Robert Payne announces the film, and accompanying photo still book, The Pledge in Drummer #2.
1975, Aug.:Robert Opel's "Requiem for a toolbox" in Drummer #2 is the artist's ode to the famed San Francisco leather bar.
1975, Aug.:Scott Masters' story "Five in the Trainer's Room" begins serialization in Drummer #2. It runs for nine issues.
1975, Aug.:Robert Payne announces publication of a collection of still photos from the film Sextool.
1975, Sept. 8:Leonard Matlovich appears on the cover of Time magazine with the bold print: "I Am a Homosexual." Len's story broke on the front page of the New York Times and nationwide by wire service on Memorial Day Monday of the same year.
1975, Sept. 19:Leonard Matlovich is discharged from the army for homosexuality. They gave him a medal for killing a man and kicked him out for loving one!
1975, Oct.: Drummer #3 includes the publication's first masthead listing Robert Payne as Publisher, Jeannie Barney as Editor in Chief, and V. C. Kuemmel as Art Director. And it includes the Magazine's first centerfold, a collage of Target photos from "The Pit" series shot in the so-named lower floor of Chicago's leather bar, the Gold Coast.
1975, Oct. 1: The Story of Q by Robert Payne is first published.
1975, Oct. 31:Val Martin is selected "Mr. Leather" in Los Angeles at the Hawk's annual Leather Sabat.
1975, Oct. 31:The Cycle Sluts are born in Los Angeles at a "Gay Girls Riding Club" Halloween Costume ball, a significant step in leather gender bending.
1975, Oct.-Dec.:The date on the first issue of the magazine Leather Bound.

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1976
TimeEvent
1976:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe History of Sexuality, Volume I: An Introduction, by Michel Foucault.
LA&M serving the fetish worldRFM's second Collection of SM short fiction by himself and other authors.
LA&M serving the fetish worldTwo Bulls in a Male Harem by Robert Fraum. This is the first in a trilogy of very heavy SM erotic novels.
LA&M serving the fetish worldMannespielen, a portfolio of art by Rex, followed by Icons in 1977 and the Rex calendars, published by The Trading Post, then the Mineshaft, in later years.
LA&M serving the fetish worldGay American History, Lesbians and Gay Men in the USA by Jonathan Ned Katz, Revised edition 1992.
1976:The Gage Brother's film Kansas City Trucking Co. starring Fred Halsted and Richard Locke, is released.
1976:Michael Zen's film Falconhead is released.
1976:Nick O'Demus, owner of A Taste Of Leather shop upstairs at FeBe's, opens The Trading Post at 960 Folsom in San Francisco
1976:Formation of Adventurers/Suncoast Florida; American Leathermen MC of Houston; Companion MC, Philadelphia; The Connecticut Copperheads; The Corn Haulers, Des Moines; Dallas MC; East Anglia Bikers, UK; Falcons MC, Rhode Island; FFA-CAC, DC; Glass City Champions (originally International Roadmasters of Toledo); Griffin Motor Club, Canberra, Australia; Jackaroos, Victoria, Australia; Knights of Omaha; MSC Finland; MSC Groningen, Netherlands; New York Coordinating Committee, Peregrine MC, Atlanta; 76ers, San Bernadino, CA; South Pacific Rangers, SF; Silver Barons MC, Reno; The Spirits of St. Louis; SLC Stuttgart; SLM Norway; The Tarnsmen, Baltimore; Trojans MSC, Toronto; and Valley Knights MC, Sacramento.
1976:Bar openings include: Badlands, NYC; and The Boston Eagle.
1976:The NY Eagle begins Sunday brunch and Tea Dance.
1976:The Slot, a very leather "hotel" sex club, opens on Folsom near 6th in San Francisco. And a sex club called "The Hotel" opens in San Francisco, in 1979 it changes it's name to the Handball Express.
1976, Jan 1:At a New Year's Eve party at the Second City MC clubhouse in Chicago, Andrew Charles and Tony DeBlase, who had sighted each other in the last few seconds of 1975, and who had been lip locked through the transition, meet and begin what is, as of this writing, a 23+ year partnership.
1976, Jan.:Full Moon Night at Larry's, Los Angeles' popular leather bar, becomes so crowded it is changed to admission by invitation (and reservation) only.
1976, Feb.:In Detroit, a jury awards $200,000 to a man who claimed that an auto accident, in which his car was rear ended, turned him into a homosexual.
1976, March:Drummer #5 includes the first cartoon strip by British artist Bill Ward. The strip is titled "King".
1976, March: Drummer #5 includes the first installment of "Babysitter" by Phil Andros, with art by Chuck Arnette.
1976, March: Latrec in Leather, a collection of drawings by Chuck Arnette, is advertised in Drummer #5.
1976, March:Eons Gallery, Los Angeles' erotic art gallery has its first show: photographs by Robert Opel.
1976, March 4: Man Friday, a Broadway musical in which Friday offers his body to Robinson Caruso, flops.
1976, March 8:After long court battles in Seattle the Washington State Police drop bars against hiring homosexuals.
1976, April 10:Los Angeles Police Department raids a Slave Auction being held at the Mark IV baths as a fundraiser sponsored by Drummer magazine. A major case of police overkill as the resulting legal actions show.
1976, April 13:San Francisco Police Chief Charles Gain urges homosexuals on his force to come out of the closet and show that gays can be good cops.
1976, June: SM Dungeon Devices, an illustrated catalog of SM toys is published by The Trading Post in San Francisco.
1976, July:Robert Opel covers a Leather Wedding at Griff's, a popular Los Angeles leather bar, in Drummer #7.
1976, July:"Famous Sadists in History" series starts in Drummer #7.
1976, July:Publication of the first issue of Package, Fred Halsted's "Journal of Men Fact & Opinion." Lasts 6 issues, through Jan 1977.
1976, July:Three gay men in Des Moines restaurant are charged with disturbing the peace after they winked at two heterosexual men who claimed the wink made them nauseated.
1976, Sept.:A California court of Appeals orders two men who had been arrested on lewd conduct charges for kissing in public to register with the state as sex offenders.
1976, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club celebrates its 5th anniversary by holding a weekend long event featuring a Saturday night SM party at a remote campground. Called Inferno 5, this is first of what are to become the most infamous and exclusive male SM play events.
1976, Sept.:The Gold Coast, Chicago's premier leather bar, celebrates it's 15th anniversary with a week long party detailed in Drummer #9.
1976, Sept.: Drummer #8 features a photo spread of the gay leather world's best known tattoo artist, Cliff Raven, painting tattoos on Val Martin.
1976, Sept.:Alan Eagles takes over the "Movie Mayhem" series in Drummer #8 and the series takes flight.
1976, Sept.:"Many Happy Returns" by Phil Andros, illustrated by Chuck Arnette, is published in Drummer #8.
1976, Sept.: Blueboy magazine, a Miami based gay nude glossy, publishes an SM issue -- it is a fiasco.
1976, Oct.:The Cycle Sluts are featured in Drummer #9, including a cover photo of one of the leather gender benders. Publisher John Embry, many years later, blames this photo being responsible for one of the worst selling issues in the magazine's history.
1976, Oct.: Drummer #9 includes the first "Erotic Dots", in which the reader connects the numbered dots to reveal an, often otherwise unprintable, drawing. This, as most but not all of the "Erotic Dots", is by the artist Sean.
1976, Oct.: Drummer #9 includes the first part of the serial "The Great SM Murder Mystery" by John Rowberry & Rue Dyllon. The series stops, uncompleted, in Drummer #11. This is the first time Rowberry's name appears in Drummer, the magazine he will serve and influence over many coming years.
1976, Oct. 26:The Mineshaft in New York City opens. This after-hours club allowed and encouraged virtually all forms of sexual activity among its hot male patrons. It was a Mecca for leather/SM types in the Eastern US and Canada. Closed in Nov. 1985.
1976, Nov.?:The cover of Drummer #10 spotlights a new artist, REX, using a drawing he did for the Trading Post poster. But the masthead does not yet include his name.
1976, Nov.?: Drummer #10 features the artist Etienne, with a centerfold and several additional pages of his artwork.
1976, Dec.?: Drummer #11 spotlights the first Bill Ward cartoon strip under the title "DRUM".
1976, Dec. 1:Willard Eugene Allen is released from a Florida mental hospital after being incarcerated for 26 years for having sex with another man. Although the statute under which he had been arrested had been repealed almost 20 years earlier, state authorities had ignored doctor's suggestions that he be released.

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1977
TimeEvent
1977:Formation of Ambassadors of Goodwill MC, Boston; Avengers MC West, Claremont, CA; Black Angels Koln; The Black Guard, Minneapolis; Boomer MC, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia; Force-5, Palo Alto; Friends of Leather and Denim Club of Montreal; Guardians MC, New Haven; II MC Berlin; Lancers MC, New Orleans; Leatheriders Bike Club, Victoria, Australia; The London Blues, UK, MC Faucon, Montreal; Meisters der Manner, Orlando; Missouri Association of Clubs,; Mobile Man Van Club, Detroit; MSC Rotterdam; Nimbus Cycle Club, Grand Rapids; Nutcrackers MC, Indianapolis; Pennsmen, Harrisburg, Phoenix Uniform Club, SF; SLM Goteborg; SMBB International, Northampton, UK; South Orange Bikers, Santa Ana, CA; Texas Cadre, Austin; and Tsarus/Memphis. Colts MC of Ft Lauderdale disbands.
1977:Founding of American Uniform Association (AUA) in New York City.
1977:Run premiers include First Links MC Leather Cocktails in NYC; Lone Star in Texas; The Philadelphians Tri Cen; and Prairie Fire, at Chicago.
1977:Bar openings include Dirty Edna's Stampede, NYC; Boots, Los Angeles; and The Brig, SF. Folsom Prison, SF, closes.
1977:Peter Adair creates Word is Out, a feature film documentary portraying gay men and lesbians in a positive light.
1977:Doric Wilson's play The West Street Gang is produced in NYC.
1977:The Balcony, a bar at 2166 Market St in San Francisco opens and becomes the prime hang out for the fisting crowd.
1977:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldMidnight Express by Billy Hayes, which documents his experiences in a Turkish prison. The later movie of the same title starring Brad Davis, while most interesting and enjoyable, differs greatly from the book.
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Sexual Outlaw by John Rechy.
LA&M serving the fetish worldAction Male magazine, first issue, the successor to Gay Bondage, edited by Tau (Jim-Ed Thompson).
LA&M serving the fetish worldPiercing Friends International Quarterly magazine (PFIQ), first issue, by Gauntlet Enterprises, the Los Angeles based manufacturer of piercing jewelry.
LA&M serving the fetish worldStory of Q, new edition by Robert Payne beautifully illustrated by Olaf
LA&M serving the fetish worldHard Corps by Michael Grumley & Ed Gallucci
LA&M serving the fetish worldLife of a Masochist, the second part of RFM's autobiography
1977:Art by Olaf is first published in Drummer #13.
1977:"SM Gym" by G. B. Misa begins serialization in Drummer #14 and continues through issue #28!
1977:A drawing by the artist A. Jay is featured on the cover of Drummer #15, his first appearance in the magazine he will later art direct.
1977:Art work by The Hun is first published in Drummer # 15.
1977: Drummer #15 includes a drawing by Skipper, depicting a hard hat with nails etc. piercing all parts of his body. This is the first, and one of the very few, published works by this prolific southern California artist who focused on very violent SM scenes.
1977:Robert Payne interviews John Rechy, author of The Sexual Outlaw, in Drummer #16.
1977:A. Jay's cartoon strip "Harry Chess" begins its run in Drummer #16.
1977:Kurt Kreisler's "My Brother, My Slave" begins serialization in Drummer # 16.
1977:A folio of bondage drawings by Tom Hinde is included in Drummer #16.
1977:Al Shapiro, a.k.a. A. Jay, becomes Art Director of Drummer starting with issue #17.
1977:Art by Go Mishima is first published in Drummer #17.
1977:"Trapped" by Houston Smith begins serialization in Drummer #18.
1977:Fist Goodbody's Traveling Torture Show, a 33 RPM record is issued. This is a Bolero-like crescendo of male moans and screams that is remarkably well done in spite of the gender-bender album cover and other hype.
1977:Fred Halsted begins writing a column in Drummer #18.
1977:Jack Fritscher becomes Editor in Chief of Drummer beginning with issue #19.
1977:Drawings by the artist Matt first appear in Drummer #20.
1977:Salo, Pasolini's film version of deSade's 120 Days in Sodom, is released in the US. The film includes explicit stories and scenes of humiliation, scat, torture, and more. However even more such scenes have been cut to get past American censors.
1977: Drummer magazine moves from Los Angeles to San Francisco.
1977:Photographs by David Hurles, A.K.A. Old Reliable, are first published in Drummer #21.
1977:The art of Tom of Finland is featured in a show at Robert Opel's Feywey Studios in San Francisco. Opel interviews Tom in Drummer #22.
1977:Angreas Spengler publishes a short English version of his sociological study on gay sadomasochists in "Manifest Sadomasochism of Males: Results of an Emperical Study". This article is the foundation of modern empirical research on SM. Spengler is the first to describe sadomasochists not as sick individuals but as members of a sexual minority that forms complex subcultures, thereby contradicting psychiatric theory since Krafft-Ebing. The gay selection bias in the study leads him to conclude that there are no female sadomasochists, a view that will be held by psychoanalysts and sociologists alike until 1985.
1977, Jan.:Jeannie Barney leaves as Editor of Drummer. John Embry's name first appears as Publisher in issue #12.
1977, Jan.:Ellen Marie Barrell is ordained as an Episcopal Priest - The first out lesbian ordained by a major Christian denomination.
1977, Jan.:Eons Gallery in Los Angeles holds Tom of Finland show and publishes the Tom of Finland 1978 calendar. Tom attends the opening and meets Durk Dehner who would become his partner in establishing the Tom of Finland Foundation.
1977, Jan. 2:Folsom Prison, one of San Francisco's best known leather bars, closes.
1977, Feb. 7:US State Dept. announces it will no longer automatically bar gays and lesbians from employment.
1977, Feb. 14:Anita Bryant forms "Save our Children" to fight Miami's gay rights ordinance, and ignites a counter movement that brought together gay men and women in unprecedented numbers to stand up for their rights.
1977, May 25:The Everard Baths, one of New York City's best known Gay bath houses, and one of it's most leather friendly, burns, killing several patrons and staff.
1977, June 7:Newly won gay rights legislation in Miami is rescinded following Anita Bryant's anti-gay campaign.
1977, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 6.
1977, Dec. 16:The province of Quebec passes a stature banning discrimination against gay individuals in employment, housing and public accommodations.

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1978
TimeEvent
1978:Thomas S. Weinberg publishes an article on the "sociological perspectives" on sadomasochism. The article is based on the concept of "frames".
1978:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldSM Truckers by Clay Caldwell, one of the many gay male erotic publications of its time, but one worthy of special attention for its exploration of the variety of leather relationships. Six of these stories were reprinted in Drummer #138 and 142-146.
LA&M serving the fetish world9 1/2 Weeks by Elizabeth McNeill. Published as fiction but based upon a real encounter. The book is much more interesting that the later, considerably watered down, movie.
LA&M serving the fetish worldBunkhouse, first issue, a magazine for the Western-Levi Scene. It lasts for seven issues through 1981.
LA&M serving the fetish worldBehavior Modification, The Art of Mind Murdering by Richard Camellion.
LA&M serving the fetish worldLe Masochisme Au Cinema by Jean Streff, in France
1978:"Tough Shit" begins as a regular humor feature in Drummer #23, continuing publisher John Embry's commitment to exposing the humorous side of leather/SM.
1978:Formation of Avengers MC East, Summit, NJ; Centurions, Columbus; Destiny MC, Miami; Eagle MC, West Palm Beach; FFA Philadelphia; Four Star MSC Belgium; Nickel City MSC, Buffalo; Pegasus MC, Wichita; Pennsylvania Association of Clubs; Phoenix Levi\Leather Club; Pocono Warriors, PA; Reading Railmen, PA; Renaissance MC, Detroit; Rough Riders MC, San Antonio; Royal Eagle, Montreal; Samois, SF; San Francisco Wrestling Club; Scorpio Leather Club, Holyoke; South Florida Council of Clubs; Stud MC, New Haven; Swamp Fox MC, Columbia, SC;Toronto Motorcycle Riders; Trenton Bulls MC; Trojans MSC, Montreal and Youngstown Exiles, OH. Signs of Zodiac, Detroit, Disbands.
1978:Bar openings include: The Arena, SF; Clementine's, St. Louis; Half-Breed, NYC; The New Leather Loft, NYC; The Outlaw, Detroit; Stall, Frankfurt Germany; Tiger's Paw, New Orleans; and The Watering Hole (formerly the Roundup) SF.
1978:Nine Plus clubhouse destroyed by fire in NYC.
1978:The first article on "The Quarters" in San Francisco, appears in Drummer #24. This near mythical, though for a short time actual, training center and boarding facility for slaves, depicted a "Drummer" ideal.
1978: Drummer #24's cover photo is by Robert Mapplethorpe, who will later become a world recognized photographer noted for exploring SM images.
1978: Drummer announces a search for Mr. Drummer, the winner to be picked from photo submitted by those wishing to enter.
1978:Drawings by Cavelo are first featured in Drummer # 27.
1978:"Prison Punk" by Frank O'Rourke begins serialization in Drummer #27.
1978:Photos by Zeus studios are first published in Drummer #27.
1978:Stompers Boots Art Poster by Etienne Stompers, New York City's unique combination of boot store and leather art gallery, holds a joint exhibit of the work of Tom of Finland and Etienne. A later exhibit focuses on the erotic art of Domino and Stompers publishes a catalog of his work.
1978:Drawings by Domino are first published in Drummer #29.
1978:The photography of Robert Mapplethorpe gets its first solo show at Chrysler Museum.
1978:Gayle Rubin moves to San Francisco to begin studies of the gay Leatherman's culture.
1978:The RoB Gallery opens in Amsterdam.
1978:The Pocono Warriors are founded in eastern Pennsylvania as a combination of the older leather/levi/motor-cycle social club and the more current SM sex club.
1978:The Arena and the Black & Blue, two leatherish bars open in San Francisco.
1978:The Folsom St. Baths opens in San Francisco and by 1979 was renamed the Sutro Baths, which is unique in having regularly scheduled women's nights and bisexual nights.
1978:"Tough Customers" begins its long and popular run in Drummer #25.
1978, June:The Rainbow (Gay Pride) flag, designed by Gilbert Baker, is flown as a decorative element at the annual gay pride parade. It later achieved national prominence when a gay man in West Hollywood sued his landlords because they attempted to prohibit him from flying his flag from his balcony.
1978, June 13:Gayle Rubin, Pat Califia, and 16 other female sadomasochists found the women's SM group, Samois, in San Francisco. This is the first known women's SM group.
1978, June 14:The US Patent and Trademark Office refuses to register the magazine name Gaysweek, on the grounds that the name is immoral.
1978, June:The Windy City Wrestling Club is reorganized with a national membership.
1978, July:MAFIA (Mid-America Fists In Action) founded. Holds first meeting at Inferno in September.
1978, Sept.15 - 17:Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 7.
1978, Oct.:The American Uniform Association holds its first annual AUA Review.
1978, Nov 27:Harvey Milk, openly gay San Francisco Supervisor, assassinated, along with mayor George Moscone, by former Supervisor Dan White.

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1979
TimeEvent
1979:Andreas Spengler publishes Sadomasochisten und ihre Subkulturen, the German 129 page version of his study on the sadomasochistic subculture. The detailed German text explains that there is insufficient data to finally conclude there are no female sadomasochists, a point lost in the English version and subsequently on most researchers.
1979:The bar formerly known as the In Between, the No Name, and by several other names over the years is purchased by Hank Diethelm and becomes The Brig, quickly becoming the most popular heavy leather bar in San Francisco. It closes in 1986 not long after Diethelm is murdered by a trick.
1979:The Stables, The Watering Hole and the Trench open in San Francisco. None has a long life but the two latter bars become very popular with the water sports crowd.
1979:A sexclub called the Hothouse opens at 5th and Clara in San Francisco
1979:Formation of Castaways MC, Milwaukee; Chicago MOB (Men of Brotherhood); Dolphin MC, Sydney; Excalibur of New Jersey; The Inn Men, Akron, OH; Leathermen/Atlanta; Minnesota Marauders, Minneapolis; New World Rubbermen, Santee CA, later Port Townsend, WA); and St. Louis Leathernecks. Northern Lights MC, Montreal disbands.
1979:The Pocono Warriors hold their first Whitewater Weekend, which includes opportunities for whitewater rafting, and a very well equipped dungeon space. The first organization after Chicago Hellfire Club to formally include an SM sex party in the activities.
1979:Satyrs MC, the country's oldest, celebrates its 25th anniversary in the Grand Ballroom of the Queen Mary, Long Beach CA.
1979:The Amsterdam Eagle opens
1979:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldRushes by John Rechy, a novel many consider to be strongly anti-SM.
LA&M serving the fetish worldProject Lambda, a novel by Paul O'M. Welles.
LA&M serving the fetish worldMS a novel by Christian Pierrejouan in Germany
1979:Publication of the first of a series of magazine size photo books from Zeus studios featuring muscular men in bondage. The series continues through 1986.
1979:The Robert Samuels gallery in New York City hosts the fifth Tom of Finland show, the largest and most successful to date, until the time came for payment and return of the unsold pieces.
1979: Mr. Benson by John Preston, writing as Jack Prescot, begins serialization in Drummer #29.
1979:Hundreds of the 1978 Tom of Finland calendar are left unsold. Durk Dehner comes up with a scheme to cut off the calendar and sell the beautifully printed drawings as a photo set and the Tom of Finland company is born.
1979:Sasha Alyson Sasha Alyson starts Alyson Publications. Alyson is one of the first publishers to welcome gay leather/SM works, including those by John Preston and the lesbian SM book Coming to Power.
1979, Feb.:Britain's Queen Elizabeth II is named an "honorary man" by hosts during a visit to the Persian Gulf so "he" could visit areas barred to women.
1979, May:David Kloss, of San Francisco, is named the first International Mr. Leather at the contest in Chicago. Durk Dehner, of Los Angeles, is First Runner Up.
1979, May 21:Dan White convicted only of voluntary manslaughter in the killing of Milk and Moscone. The conviction results in the White Night riots by gay men in San Francisco.
1979, June: Drummer # 30 features Jack Fritscher's "Meditations on Arthur Tress" including several photos by this very homoerotic, and leather suggestive, photographer.
1979:John Rowberry replaces Jack Fritscher as Editor of Drummer, starting with issue # 31.
1979:Drawings by Dirk Dykstra, A.K.A. "Lazy Leo" & "Leo Ravenswood," first published in Drummer #31.
1979:It is a year for leathershop openings in San Francisco. Leather Forever and Leatherworld open in the Castro district. And in the Folsom area Taylor of San Francisco opens on Clementina, and Alan Selby opens Mr. S Leather on 7th between Folsom & Howard.
1979:Bette Midler records My Knight in Black Leather.
1979, June:"Dykes on Bikes" make their first appearance in a Pride Day Parade, in San Francisco.
1979, July 7:Rod's (bar) opens in Madison WI. Not strictly a leather bar, but leather friendly and for years the best there is in Madison.
1979, July 8:Robert Opel shot and killed by a hold-up man at his Feywey Studios, 1287 Howard St., San Francisco.
1979, Sept. 14-16:Chicago Hellfire Club's Inferno 8 goes to a two night SM party and Tony DeBlase creates a schedule of demonstrations, contests, and a flea market to fill the intervening day. It is covered extensively with text and photos by John Preston and Tony DeBlase in Drummers #34 and 35. This is the first real publicity on Inferno.
1979, Oct. 14:The first Lesbian and Gay March on Washington. Over 100,000 attend.
1979, Oct. 30:A Different Light Bookstore opens in Los Angeles, they will be the first bookstore to have a separate Leather/SM section.
1979, Nov.: DungeonMaster a newsletter of male SM techniques, starts publication. Fledermaus, a.k.a. Tony DeBlase, publisher, editor, etc. He uses the phrase "Safe and Sane S&M" to describe its subject matter.
1979, Dec. 1: Bent, a play by Martin Sherman about the prosecution of gays in the Nazi concentration camps, opens on Broadway.

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1980
TimeEvent
1980:Formation of Bacchus, St. Louis; Blackhawks MC, Rock Island IL; Centurions LL MC Roanoke, VA; FFA of Miami; The 15 Association, SF; The Foot Fraternity, Gulf Coast Buccaneers MC, Mississippi; HyBreeds of Rochester, NY; National Association of Black and White Men Together; Northern Lights, Edmonton, Alberta; Renaissance Men, Detroit; SMBB International/Australia, NSW; Stingrays MC, West Palm Beach, and Sundance Cattle Co., Houston.
1980:Bar openings include CCW, Detroit; J's Bar, NYC, and Rawhide, NYC. DC Eagle moves to 7th St. NW.
1980:Silver Anchor Enterprises, Inc. begins piercing jewelry business out of Ft. Lauderdale.
1980:Val Martin is named the first Mr. Drummer by publisher John Embry. Entered in International Mr. Leather he places as first runner up.
1980:The American Sociologist G. W. Levi Kamel theorizes that gay sadomasochists develop their interests in a six step "career" that begins with a disenchantment with the vanilla gay community.
1980:The American woman's rights group National Organization for Women (NOW) publishes their "Delineation of Lesbian Rights Issues 1980" confirming every women's right to the "actualization of her sexuality" but excluding sadomasochism. NOW states that including sadomasochism would "violate the feminist principles" on which it was founded, and claim that sadomasochists are trying to "provide a premeditated structure for violence".
1980:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldWhat Color is Your Handkerchief by Samois. This anthology on SM was the precursor to Coming to Power
LA&M serving the fetish worldHarry Chess Vol. 1 a magazine sized book collection of the wonderful witty cartoon strips by A. Jay
LA&M serving the fetish worldWaiting for the Barbarians by J. M. Coetzee, an unnerving novel of torture and the "other"
LA&M serving the fetish world The Lords of Discipline by Pat Conroy. The ritual of hazing gone awry in a Military School
LA&M serving the fetish worldMr. Benson by John Preston in book form.
LA&M serving the fetish worldOld Time Punishments by William Andrews. Stocks, pillories, dunking stools, etc.,
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Barn 1948 And More Dirty Pictures by Blade, a catalog published jointly by Stompers and Leslie-Lohman gallery
LA&M serving the fetish worldTop Comedy & Bottom Burlesque a collection of cartoons on SM by Bruce N. Duncan
LA&M serving the fetish worldFolsom magazine, published by photographer Jim Moss. It lasts for four issues
LA&M serving the fetish worldMach magazine, first issue, by Alternate publishing
1980: Cruising, a movie staring Al Pacino, depicting murder and violence in Leather bars and among leather men, opens in New York City, to loud protests by gay demonstrators.
1980, Feb.:The 15 Association formed in San Francisco by David Lewis and others. It is an all male group dedicated to SM activity.
1980, March 21:Cynthia Slater & Susan Thoraen rent the Catacombs for the first mixed gender, mixed orientation SM play party. It is a success and the parties continue until the Catacombs closes.
1980, Apr. 18:The lesbian community in San Francisco holds a public debate on sadomasochism. This is the first known public debate on lesbian sadomasochism.
1980, May:Patrick Brooks of Australia is named the second International Mr. Leather at the contest in Chicago.
1980, Aug.:Brian O'Dell publishes a letter in New York City's Gay Community News which leads to the formation of GMSMA.
1980, Aug. 8 - 10:Chicago Hellfire Club's Inferno 9 is held near Chicago. It is the year of the "Gang of Four" but all goes well.
1980, Sept.: DungeonMaster #6 includes the phrase "safe and sane scenes" to describe the objectives of the Safety Valve column. "Safe and sane S&M" is a phrase often used in subsequent issues to describe the objectives of the publication.
1980, Oct.:Jack Fritscher begins publication of his little magazine Man2Man, which lasts for eight issues.
1980, Nov. 10:A homophobic man fires an Uzi into the crowded Ramrod bar on West Street in New York City, killing one and injuring many leathermen.
1980, Dec.:Gay Male S/M Activists officially organized in New York City, and holds it's first public meeting on January 14.

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1981
TimeEvent
1881:Formation of Colorado Gay Rodeo Association, Confederation of New York Area Clubs, Florida Brotherhood of Clubs, Lesbian Sex Mafia (LSM) in New York City, Orlando; GMSMA, NYC; Satyricons MC, Las Vegas; SMGays, London; Stillettos, Jacksonville, FL; and Stingrays, NJ. Elegabulus NC, Norwood Australia, and South Florida Council disband.
1981:Bar openings include Spike, Munich and Stellwerk, Berlin. Buddy Bar in Berlin and Tiger's Bar in New Orleans close.
1981:The Drummer Key Club, a male leather version of the Playboy clubs, opens at Folsom & 11th in San Francisco. Advertised as the first of a nationwide chain, others never open, and quickly evolves into a series of more typical leather bars -- Drummaster, then the Gold Coast, and finally the Compound, a private sex club which closed in 1984.
1981:San Francisco Eagle founded. At the time it was just one of the many leather bars in the city, but it has endured to become the oldest leather bar in San Francisco.
1981:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldWhitewater Run by Victor Terry, a fictionalized portrayal of the Pocono Warriors Whitewater Weekend Run
LA&M serving the fetish worldComing to Power, a collection of articles on SM, by the San Francisco based women's SM organization Samois
LA&M serving the fetish worldAnal Pleasure & Health, by Jack Morin Ph.D. a guide for both men and women
1981:Publication of Aaron Travis' most famous short story, "Blue Light," in Drummer #44.
1981:Death of Tony Taverossi, one of the inventors of the leather bar, from AIDS related pneumonia.
1981:Advocate reporter Randy Shilts becomes the US's first out gay reporter at a major daily newspaper when he is hired by the San Francisco Chronicle.
1981, June:Ray Pereyra is named the second Mr. Drummer in the first Mr. Drummer Contest.
1981, April 4:A performance art space named, and located at, 544 Natoma, opens in San Francisco. The performance pieces, including play parties, are usually leather oriented and feature members of the Rainbow MC. It closes on 6 October 1983.
1981, May:Marty Kiker is named the third International Mr. Leather at the contest at Chicago.
1981, June 5: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly, announces the mysterious presence of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five gay men in Los Angeles.
1981, July 3:The New York Times publishes the first article on "the Gay Cancer", the first public news of what was to become known as AIDS.
1981, July 10:A major fire on Folsom St. destroys homes (and art and photos and whips, etc.) of Rex, Mark I. Chester, and many other leathermen.
1981, Aug. 28:Steve McEachern has a heart attack at the Catacombs while engaged in a private scene with his lover. He dies and the Catacombs closes.
1981, Sept.:Chicago Conference of Clubs holds first Wild Onion run near Chicago.
1981, Oct.:German SM-lesbians meet and decide to create address distribution centers in various cities as a form of infrastructure. This is the first known attempt at organization among German SM-lesbians.
1981, Oct. 9-12:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 10 under canvas at a new location in Douglas MI on Columbus Day weekend. It is too cold for outdoor nudity! Bill Kerr of New York City receives the first Caligula Award.
1981, Oct. 10: Torch Song Trilogy by Harvey Fierstein opens on Broadway.
1981, Oct 30:The Catacombs #2 opens at 736 Larken in San Francisco.
1981, Dec: GMSMA holds its first Bizarre Bazaar at the Mineshaft in New York City.
1981. Dec.:The New York City Gay Men's Chorus performs at Carnegie Hall, the first openly gay group to appear there.

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1982
TimeEvent
1982:Formation of Conductors LLC, Nashville; Corpus Christi MC; County Men, Detroit; dreizehn, in Boston; Gaucho MC, Tampa; Harbor Masters, Portland, ME; Leathermasters Inc., LA; Rainbow MC in San Francisco; Somandros, LA; Trident International Detroit; and Tower City Corps, Cleveland, and Vancouver Activists in SM, VASM, in Vancouver, BC.
1982:Rainbow MC founded in San Francisco. Rainbow differs from most other contemporary gay motorcycle clubs in two ways: most of its members were involved in the visual and/or performing arts and it's events were usually art "happenings" But it's members also harkened back to the outlaw biker gangs in appearance, forbidding fancy uniforms or washing of overlays, which were frequently decorated with bodily secretions.
1982:The Danish SM-activist Maria Marcus' book on SM is translated into German as Die furchtbare Wahrheit. Frauen und Masochismus.
1982:Release of the film Conan the Barbarian which opens with a shot of a nearly naked Arnold Schwarzenegger, as Connan, nailed, crucifix style, to a huge and gnarled tree. He tears himself free from the nails. The movie is filled with other SM images.
1982:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Rose Exterminator by William Carney, an essentially unsuccessful sequel to The Real Thing
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Fledermaus Anthology, a collection of explicitly gay male SM short stories by Tony DeBlase writing as Fledermaus by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldAgainst Sadomasochism: A Radical Feminist Analysis by R. E. Linden in San Francisco.
LA&M serving the fetish worldA History of Erotic Literature by Patrick J. Kearney
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Enema as an Erotic Art and it's History by David Barton-Jay. A coffee table book on enemas!
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Mack Anthology, featuring the fiction and superb erotic art of Mack by Larry Townsend
1982, Feb. 13:The Catacombs #3 opens on Shotwell St in San Francisco.
1982, Feb. 25:Wisconsin becomes the first state in the union to have comprehensive gay rights legislation.
1982, May:Luke Daniel, Mr. Drummer, is selected as the 4th International Mr. Leather at the contest at Park West in Chicago.
1982, June:Luke Daniel of Los Angeles is named as the third Mr. Drummer.
1982, Aug.:Tom Waddel Dr. Tom Waddel brings together thousands of gay men and women for the first Gay Games. Originally called the Gay Olympics the US Olympic Committee brings suit to protect their name. Hundreds of events around the world are called "Olympics" but only the Gay Olympics has been singled out for such prohibitions.
1982, Sept. 10-13:Chicago Hellfire Club returns to September dates and holds Inferno 11 on two sites in Douglas and Saugatuck, MI. Ken Hocking of Sydney Australia receives the Caligula Award.
1982, Oct.:Vancouver Activists in SM, a male SM group, is formed in Vancouver, British Colombia.
1992, Oct. 25:Northern Ireland repeals its laws against sodomy.
1982, late:Mixed Gender SM play parties resume at the Shotwell Catacombs in San Francisco.

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1983
TimeEvent
1983:Formation of Avatar, LA; Cowtown Leathermen, Ft. Worth; Dreizehn, Boston; Gryphons MC, Dayton, OH; Leather and Lace, LA; Lords of Leather, New Orleans; Manchester Super Chain, UK; and Tower City Corps, Cleveland.
1983:Samois, the nation's first women's SM organization, disbands in San Francisco.
1983:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Correct Sadist by Terence Sellers.
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Claiming of Sleeping Beauty, an explicitly sexual and SM filled novel, by a major publisher, who admits that the author's name, A. N. Roquelaure, is a pseudonym for a very well known female author, much later revealed to be Ann Rice. This is the first volume of what will become the Sleeping Beauty trilogy.
LA&M serving the fetish worldSadomasochism, Studies in Dominance and Submission by American sociologists Thomas A. Wienberg and G. W. Levi Kamel.  The book summarizes the historical research on SM and promotes the empirical sociological viewpoint.
1983, May:Colt Thomas of Houston TX is named the fourth International Mr. Leather at the contest at Park West in Chicago.
1983, June:John Garger is chosen 1983 Mr. Drummer at a contest held at the Russian River in northern California. First runner up David Earl Lee, later assumes the title.
1983, July 14:Massachusetts congressman Gerry Studds comes out as a gay man in a speech to the House, following charges linking him with a male page.
1983, Aug. 17:An ad-hoc committee of GMSMA issues a report: "Proposed New Statement of Identity and Purpose" using the phrase "safe, sane, consensual."
1983, Sept. 9 - 12:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 12 in Douglas MI. Ron Bentley of Midland, Texas, receives the Caligula Award.
1983, Sept.:Publication in London of the first issue of SMART, A journal of SM how-to modeled after DungeonMaster. It lasts for three issues.
1983, Oct.:GMSMA switches its meeting site to the new New York City Lesbian & Gay Community Services Center.

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1984
TimeEvent
1984:Formation of Arizona Gay Rodeo Association; California Eagles, SF; Copperstate Leathermen, Phoenix; Defenders of Mithra, Portland, OR; Disciples of DeSade, Dallas; GLSM Hamburg; Golden State Gay Rodeo Association; Grand Rapids Rivermen; The great Midwestern Society for the Promotion and Proliferation of S&M; On Motor Club, Paris; The Outcasts, SF; Pittsburgh MC; Severn Link MSC, Bristol, UK; SigMa, DC; Tridents MC, Boston; Two Wheelers, Omaha; and Wasatch Leathermen MC, Salt Lake City.
1984:The American medical philosopher Frederick Suppe shows that all diagnosis included in the diagnostic groups of "paraphilias" (perversions) can be substituted by other, non-sexual diagnosis. He concludes that the current classification of sexual disorders by the American Psychiatric Association in DMS-III is "merely the codification of social mores".
1984:An exhibit titled "Eldorado -- Homosexual Women and Men in Berlin 1850 - 1950, History, Everyday Life, and Culture" opens at the Schwules Museum in Berlin. This is the first known museum exhibition centering on homosexuality.
1984:Books Published:
LA&M serving the fetish worldUrban Aboriginals by Geoff Mains
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeather Blues - The adventures of Denny Sargent by Jack Fritscher
LA&M serving the fetish worldCorporal in Charge of Taking Care of Captain O'Malley, a collection of short stories by Jack Fritscher
LA&M serving the fetish worldBeauty's Punishment by A. N. Roquelaure (Anne Rice), the second of the Beauty trilogy
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Mineshaft a novel by Tim Barrus
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Raging Peace by Artemis Oakgrove, the first in the Throne Trilogy of lesbian leatherish erotica
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Brig by Mason Powel, a novel which had been previously serialized in Drummer
1984:Lady Thorn sponsors her first Bizarre Flea Market in San Francisco.
1984:San Francisco closes bath houses and sex clubs in an effort to limit the spread of AIDS.
1984, Jan.:Staff writers at the Wall Street Journal were first allowed to use the word "gay" instead of "homosexual".
1984, Apr. 21:"Farewell Catacombs, Fuck You World!" party held at the Catacombs as its final event.
1984, May:Ron Moore of Denver becomes the 6th International Mr. Leather at the contest at Park West in Chicago. He is the first black man to hold an international leather title. (Died: Feb. 25, 1997)
1984, June:Sonny Cline of San Francisco becomes the 1984 Mr. Drummer at the contest in San Francisco.
1984, June:GMSMA organizes its first Leather Pride Night in New York City.
1984, June 25:Michael Foucault dies at the age of 57 of AIDS in Paris, France.
1984, Sept. 7 - 10:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 13 in Douglas MI. David Lewis of Dallas receives the Caligula Award.
1984, Sept.The first Folsom Street Fair is held in San Francisco.
1984, Oct 5-8:American Uniform Association 7th Annual Review is held in Denver.

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1985
TimeEvent
1985:Formation of Hartford Colts; Krew de Cuir, SF; Men in Boots, Vancouver BC; MSC Iceland; PEP, Phoenix; River City Outlaws, San Antonio; Seattle Dungeon Guild; Texas Renegades, Houston; and Total Devotion and Alliance Club of Atlanta.
1985:People Exchanging Power (PEP) an SM club open to all genders and orientations is founded in Phoenix by Nancy Ava Miller, who goes on to found several similar organizations across the country.
1985:The Tom of Finland foundation, a not for profit corporation formed to preserve the art of Tom of Finland, and to promote erotic art and artists, is founded in Los Angeles.
1985:The Defenders of Mithra begin sponsorship of the Oregon State Leather Woman title.
1985:Books Published
LA&M serving the fetish worldBeauty's Release the third in the Beauty trilogy by A. N. Roquelaure (Anne Rice)
LA&M serving the fetish worldExit to Eden by Anne Rampling, which turns out to be another pseudonym for Anne Rice
LA&M serving the fetish worldSlaves of the Empire by Aaron Travis in book form after being serialized in Drummer
LA&M serving the fetish worldPhysical Interrogation Techniques by Richard W. Krousher. A how-to manual for interrogation & torture
LA&M serving the fetish worldTorture by Edward Peters
LA&M serving the fetish worldTorture in Brazil a secret study by the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, English edition in 1986
1985:Norman Breslow and colleagues become the first researchers to report the existence of non-prostitute female sadomasochists. Their results, which contradict one of the most cherished beliefs among Freudians, behaviorists, and sociologists are not accepted by the research community until the late 1990's
1985:The Fraser Report, Report of Special Commission on Pornography and Prostitution is issued in Canada. It sets three tiers of "obscenity". Sexually violent or "degrading" activities are deemed worse than everything except child pornography.
1985:Leon Golub retrospective at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago. Golub's subject matter is larger than life size canvases of instances of torture, often based on actual cases.
1985:Artist Daniel Kelly retrospective at Corsh Gallery in Chicago. Kelly's art blends religious, sexual and sm themes.
1985:Peter Thomas begins his lengthy service as Coordinator of the Mid America Conference of Clubs.
1985, Jan.:The first Mr. Mid-Atlantic Leather contest held in Washington DC. Sponsored by Centaur MC.
1985, Apr 13:Val Martin Val Martin, legendary porn star, community activist, 2nd runner up at International Mr. Leather 1980, best known for his role in Born To Raise Hell, dies from complications due to AIDS. Roger Earl discovered and cast Val Martin in the lead in this incredible S/M film. Born to Raise Hell brought Val Martin international prominence in gay leather communities around the world. Val was also a pivotal part of the Mark IV Bathhouse raids in Los Angeles, CA when the LAPD freed the slaves in 1976.
1985, May 12:A pink granite memorial to the homosexual victims of Nazi concentration camps is unveiled in Germany.
1985, May:Patrick Toner of San Francisco becomes the 7th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Park West in Chicago.
1985, June:Steve Reiswig of Seattle becomes the 6th Mr. Drummer at the contest in San Francisco.
1985, June 29:The French National Assembly passes a bill prohibiting discrimination against gay men and lesbians.
1985, July:Ringold Alley, a favorite nighttime cruising ground for leathermen, is the site of the first Ringold Alley Fair, a charity fundraiser sponsored by Up Your Alley Productions, a group in which IML 85 Patrick Toner plays a very prominent role.
1985, Sept. 6 - 9:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 14 in Douglas MI. Harold Cox of Wilkes Barre, PA, receives the Caligula Award.
1985, Nov.:Mineshaft DoorThe Mineshaft is closed by New York City officials for "health" reasons. Subsequently, the Leather Archives & Museum receives most of Wally Wallace’s papers from the mineshaft. And later, the papers from the LURE, the LURE Dress Code sign and the LURE Angels that once graced the ceiling of the Mineshaft.
1985, Nov. 11:GMSMA holds its first Leatherfest in New York City.
1985, Nov. 13:Nargret Roff, an out lesbian, is elected Mayor of Manchester England. The first out gay or lesbian to be elected to mayoral office in Great Britain.

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1986
TimeEvent
1986:Formation of Bournemouth LSMC, UK; Club Mud, Rio Nido, CA; Essex Leather MSC, UK; Der Ledermeister, Syracuse NY; The National Leather Association, Seattle; Portland Power and Trust, OR; and Utica Tri's NY.
1986, Jan 10:GLAAD, Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation is established in New York City.
1986:Portland Power and Trust, a woman to woman SM organization is formed in Portland Oregon by Sallee Huber, Sashie Hyatt, and Judy Tallwing McCarthy.
1986:Lee Willis begins The Studworks in Seattle and quickly becomes recognized as the foremost artisan at creating studded leather work.
1986:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Sexual Perspective, Homosexuality and Art in the last 100 years in the West by Emmanuel Cooper, Second  Edition 1994.
LA&M serving the fetish worldSex Magick, a collection of poems by Ian Young in Toronto
LA&M serving the fetish worldSexual Magic, a collection of SM photographs together with thoughts about SM by the subjects of the photos, most of whom are members of the SM organization Janus, self published by San Francisco photographer Michael A. Rosen.
1986:The film 9 1/2 Weeks directed by Adrian Lyne, staring Kim Basinger and Mickey Rourke opens in the USA.
1986, Apr. 15:Death of French writer Jean Genet who had spent most of his adolescence and young adulthood in prison. A prolific writer his works were filled with raw sexuality, often with SM overtones. Examples are his play The Balcony and the novels A Thief's Journal, Our Lady of the Flowers, and Querelle of Brest. (Birth: Dec. 19, 1910)
1986, May:Scott Tucker, of Philadelphia is selected as the 8th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Park West in Chicago. Jim Ed Thompson, former editor of Gay Bondage and Action Male, is first runner up.
1986, June:Mike Murray of San Diego becomes the 7th Mr. Drummer at the contest in San Francisco.
1986, June:The National Leather Association is formed in Seattle by Steve Maidhof with the help of a few other leather men and women.
1986, June 30:The US Supreme Court upholds Georgia's sodomy laws in a 5-4 ruling on the conviction of Michael Hardwick for activities that took place in the privacy of his own bedroom.
1986, July 4:New Zealand passes a homosexual law reform bill extending basic rights to gay men and lesbians.
1986, Aug. 22:Desmodus Inc. (Tony DeBlase & partner), publisher of DungeonMaster, purchases Drummer, Mach, and Foreskin Quarterly magazines from Alternate Publishing (John Embry). Desmodus relocates from Chicago to San Francisco.
1986, Sept. 5 - 8:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 15 at Douglas MI. John Enteman of New York City receives the Caligula Award.
1986, Oct.:The first Living in Leather Conference is hosted in Seattle by the newly formed National Leather Association.
1986, Nov.:GMSMA spearheads organizing a special Leather-S/M contingent for the 1987 March on Washington.
1986, Fall:Seattle Leather Woman title begins.
1986, Fall:In a literature survey from 1977 to 1984, Breslow and colleagues can only find five empirical studies on sadomasochism. Of these, only one study (Spengler 1977) gives enough data to be evaluated or replicated. In their own study on male sadomasochists, Breslow and colleagues point out that there is no data that would justify subdividing sadomasochists into groups such as sadist and masochist based on role preference.

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1987
TimeEvent
1987:Formation of Boston Ducks; Diablo DV8's, Walnut Creek CA; Firedancers LLC, Dallas; Griffins MC, DE; and Trident International LA.
1987:First International Gay Rodeo Association (IGRA) Finals Rodeo.
1987:The British police conclude Operation Spanner with the arrests of several gay men participating in a private party where consensual SM was going on.
1987:Desmodus Inc. and Zeus Studios jointly publish a volume of still photos from Chicago Hellfire Club's Inferno 15.
1987:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Green Hotel by Gordon Hoban writing as Tom Hardy
LA&M serving the fetish worldHell's Angels by Yves Lavigne
LA&M serving the fetish worldSlavery in the Arab World by Murray Gordon in France, first American edition 1989
LA&M serving the fetish worldCapri, a periodical dedicated to gay history by Schwules Museum in Berlin
1987:The sexologist Charles Moser and psychologist Eugene E. Levitt publish the results of an empirical study on sadomasochists.
1987:The German SM-group Suendikat Hamburg is formed. By 1995, it will have about 100 members, roughly half of them women. This is the first known heterosexual SM group in Germany.
1987, Feb. 2:First Portland Leather Woman contest won by Judy Tallwing McCarthy.
1987, Feb 11:Death of D. Lyn Sterling, known as "The Leathermaker". He originated many unique designs in leather clothing (and toys), including chaps with the zippers on the outside! and was for many years Leathermaker to the stars in Los Angeles.
1987, Mar. 21:Judy Tallwing McCarthy of Portland, OR, is named the first International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1987, Mar. 24:The newly formed ACT UP holds its first demonstration in New York City.
1987, Mar. 25:Robert D. Reite begins SM Board in Los Angeles, one of the first telepone buletin boards specifically catering to SM men. SM board is now accessible by Direct dial, telnet, and the World Wide Web. it celebrated it's 10th anniversary in 1997.
1987, May:David Rhodes begins publication of The Leather Journal in Los Angeles.
1987, May:The National Leather Association holds its first May Day conference in Seattle.  T. K. Cuellar is named the first Mr. National Leather Association and Jan Brown of Vancouver BC is named the first Ms. National Leather Association.
1987, May:Thomas Karasch of Hamburg, Germany, is named the 9th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Park West in Chicago.
1987, June:Mark Alexander of Los Angeles becomes the 8th Mr. Drummer at the contest in San Francisco.
1987:Following the traffic of leathermen cruising, Up Your Alley moves it's San Francisco leather charity street fair from Ringold Alley to Dore Alley, across from the Powerhouse.
1987, Aug. 1:The first Mr. & Ms. Vancouver BC Leather Contest is held.
1987, Aug. 7:Over a hundred people protest a British law against same sex hand holding and other public displays of affection by holding a "kiss-in" at London's Picadilly Circus.
1987, Aug. 28-31:NLA's Living In Leather II is held in Seattle. Tony DeBlase of San Francisco, and Susie Bright of Denver, are named NLA Man and Woman of the year.
1987, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 16 in Douglas MI. Robin Tutt of Fire Island Pines, NY, receives the Caligula Award.
1987, Oct. 10:A National Leather Conference is held in Washington DC on the day before the march. Barry Douglas of GMSMA is the prime organizer, NLA organizes the panels. Judy Tallwing McCarthy gives keynote address. Thousands attend and the next day march, for the first time, behind a banner using the phrase "Safe-Sane-Consensual".
1987, Oct. 11:Hundreds of thousands, including thousands of leather people of all orientations, march and rally in Washington DC for the 1987 March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay rights.

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1988
TimeEvent
1988:Formation of Atlanta S&M Solidarity (ASS); COMMAND, Baltimore; Panthers L/L, Atlanta; Gay Male S/M Cooperative (GMSMC), Philadelphia; New York Bondage Club; and Southbay Leather and Uniform Group (SLUG), San Jose. Knights Templar, SF, disbands.
1988:Jaye Evans opens the Atlanta Eagle as the first definite leather bar in that city.
1988:Establishment of the Human Sexuality Collection at Cornell University Library. David B. Goodstein, longtime publisher of The Advocate, and Bruce Voeller, early leader of the National Gay Task Force, are the driving forces behind its creation. The Mariposa Education and Research Foundation donated it's huge collection of papers, photographs, art, films, etc. to form the core of the new Cornell collection.
1988:John Stout, a gay man living in West Hollywood, wins a legal battle with his landlord over his right to fly a rainbow flag from his apartment balcony.
1988:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Lesbian SM Safety Manual edited by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Tom of Finland Retrospective a coffee table book on Tom's art and life
LA&M serving the fetish worldFirst Hand Events #1 in magazine format, featuring the International Mr. Leather contest. #2, also published in 1988 covers the Gay Rodeo circuit. No further issues were published
LA&M serving the fetish worldEcclesia Militans, The Inquisition by Miroslav Hroch and Anna Skybova in Germany. English edition in 1990
1988, Jan:Desmodus Inc. publishes the first issue of The Sandmutopia Guardian and Dungeon Journal, a SM how-to publication similar to DungeonMaster but written for all genders and sexual orientations. Carol Truscott is editor.
1988, Feb.:Barry Douglas of New York City and Cookie Andrews-Hunt of Seattle are named the Leather Journal man and woman of the year. These are the Leather Journal's first such awards and the beginning of what will grow into the Pantheon of Leather awards.
1988, Feb.:Lambda Delta Lambda at the University of California, Los Angeles, becomes the first lesbian sorority to gain official recognition from a US college or university.
1988, Feb. 10:The Gold Coast, Chicago's best known leather bar, closes after 28 years of operation.
1988, Feb. 13:A conference of Leather-S/M men and women is held in Dallas, an outgrowth of the Oct. '87 conference in Washington DC. It's purpose is to organize a national organization. After two days of heated debate a statement of purpose and some organizational guidelines are adopted, and a steering committee is elected. The group begins functioning under the name Safe Sane Consensual Adults, SSCA.
1988, Feb. 24:Lambda Delta Lambda, the first lesbian sorority in America is officially recognized by UCLA. One month later, the first (admittedly) gay college fraternity will be formed.
1988, March:Shan Carr of Portland, Oregon, is selected as the second International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1988, May:NLA's May Day Conference in Seattle, Steve Maidhof and Cheri Mattise are selected as Mr. and Ms. NLA.
1988, May:Dave Pallone, a 10 year veteran National League umpire is fired because of his homosexuality.
1988, May:Michael Pereyra of San Diego becomes the 10th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Vic Theatre in Chicago.
1988, June 21:Art Agnos, Mayor of San Francisco, Declares Alan Selby Day to honor the man often called the "Mayor of Folsom St."
1988, Aug.:GMSMA establishes the Hocutt-Ferguson fund to assist leather people with AIDS.
1988, Sept. 24:The Mr. Drummer contest is switched from the June Gay Pride weekend to coincide with the Folsom Street Fair in September. In advertising Tony DeBlase begins calling it "San Francisco Leather Pride Weekend". Ron Zehel of Columbus, OH becomes the 9th Mr. Drummer.
1988, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 17 in Douglas MI. Wally Wallace of New York City, receives the Caligula Award.
1988, Oct. 8-10:NLA's Living in Leather III Conference is held in Seattle. Alan Selby and Gayle Rubin, both of San Francisco, are named NLA man and woman of the year.
1988, Oct. 10:The SSCA steering committee merges with the National Leather Association, SSCA members are added to the NLA board of directors and the NLA accepts the statement of purpose adopted at the Dallas Conference. Work begins on bylaws.

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1989
TimeEvent
1989: Leather United Chicago Formation of Affirmation Leathermen; Boston Unified Leather Legion (BULL); Brotherhood of Pain, Houston; Knights on Iron MC, San Diego; Leather United, Chicago; Menamore LLC, Wilmington NC; Mike's Men, Boston; Omaha Players Club; Oregon Activists of SM (ORGASM); Rangers, Inc., Cleveland; Sacramento Leather Association; Seattle Men in Leather; Silver Dolphins LLC, Corpus Christi; Trash, Vancouver BC; and Trusted Servants, SF.
1989:Formation of the NY Renegades by Tom Hom, Charlie Zurenko, and Darrin Kimmel
1989:California Motor Club of San Francisco disbands after 26 years.
1989:The German SM-group "freieSMuenchen" is formed in Munich. By 1995 it will have 50 members about 30% of them women.
1989:Stormy Leather opens at 1158 Howard in San Francisco. This is probably the first leather shop owned by, and operated primarily for, women.
1989:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldGentle Warriors by Geoff Mains
LA&M serving the fetish worldMacho Sluts by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Language of Sadomasochism, A Glossary and Linguistic Analysis by Thomas E Murray and Thomas R. Murrell
1989:Fantasy 98, organized by Dustin Logan, brings a great many title holders to Omaha Nebraska for a weekend of interaction that inspires the term "sash bash" and raises over $9,000 for local charities.
1989, Feb.: The Leather Journal names Alan Selby man of the year and names Shan Carr and Judy Tallwing McCarthy jointly Women of the year.
1989, March:Trash, a woman to woman SM organization is founded in Vancouver BC. Disbands in 1990.
1989, March 9:Robert Mapplethorpe dies of AIDS in New York City.
1989, March:Susie Shepherd of Portland, OR, is named the third International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1989, May 8:Fred Halsted, erotic film actor, director, producer, as well as leather writer and magazine publisher, commits suicide in Los Angeles.
1989, May:NLA: Seattle holds May Day Conference, Guy Baldwin and Jan Lyon are selected Mr. and Ms. NLA.
1989, May 28:Tony DeBlase presents his design for a leather pride flag to the audience at International Mr. Leather, the first time the flag is presented to the public.
1989, May 28:Guy Baldwin of Los Angeles becomes the 11th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Vic theatre in Chicago.
1989, June:The Leather Pride flag is carried by the leather contingent in the Portland OR pride parade, it's first appearance at such an event. (A week preceding pride parades in San Francisco and New York City, where it is also flown).
1989, June:The Corcoran Gallery in Washington DC, cancels a scheduled Robert Mapplethorpe exhibit because of pressure by anti-gay Senator Jesse Helms (R-NC) and others.
1989, June:20th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, GMSMA organizes a massive leather contingent for the New York City parade.
1989, June 20:Death of bar owner, and guidebook publisher, Bob Dameron. Among the Los Angeles and San Francisco bars he owned are the Hideaway, Febe's and the SF Eagle. But he was also the originator of the bar guide that helped us all find what we were looking for wherever we were.
1989, June 30:Laser artist Rockne Krebs projects the photographs of Robert Mapplethorpe on the exterior walls of the Corcoran Gallery in Washington DC. The exhibit of Mapplethorpe's work, scheduled to open on this day, had been canceled due to political pressure from Jesse Helms and other conservative members of Congress.
1989, July 26:US Senate passes the NEA funding bill with the "Helms Amendment." This is probably the first time SM is mentioned in a US law.
1989, Sept.:Brian Dawson of Los Angeles becomes the tenth Mr. Drummer and Dieter Edwards is named the first Drummerboy of the year at the contest in San Francisco.
1989, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 19 in Douglas MI. Fred "Ollie" Stewart receives the Caligula Award. Jim Ward is named the first recipient of the J Paul Eaton award.
1989, Oct.:Cynthia Ann Slater, founder of the Society of Janus, dies of AIDS in San Francisco.
1989, Oct. 1:Axel and Eigil Axgil, a male couple, become the first to marry under Denmark's Same Sex Marriage registry.
1989, Oct. 7-9:NLA's Living in Leather IV conference is held in Portland, OR. Geoff Mains and Cynthia Slater receive the NLA Lifetime Achievement Awards. Dr. Nan Borrows gives the keynote address.
1989, Oct. 17:The Loma Parieta earthquake shakes the San Francisco Bay area virtually destroying the buildings containing the Drummer offices, the Lone Star Saloon and many other leather oriented businesses, as well as the homes of many leather people.
1989, Nov. 4:NLA: Los Angeles sponsors Bondage as Art show at Leonardogavici Art Gallery. Bondage themed paintings, drawings, collage, photography, and inanimate sculpture are augmented by living bondage sculptures created by numerous artists from around the country. Huge crowds attend, including LAPD and Fire Departments who close down the show due to overcrowding of the facility.
1989:Deaths: Bob Damron, bar owner and creator of the gay bar guide; Fred Halsted, porn star, film producer, writer, and magazine publisher; Sashie Hyatt, spouse of Judy Tallwing McCarthy and leatherdyke from Hell! organizer of many lesbian SM organizations, and driving force behind many leather dyke titleholders; Geoff Mains, author of Urban Aboriginals and Gentile Warriors

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1990
TimeEvent
1990:Formation of Bay Area Levi/Leather Society (BALLS), Corpus Christi; Bluegrass Colts, Lexington; Northwest Bears, Seattle; Omikron, Indianapolis; Tarheel Leather Club, Greensboro NC; Tri-State Gay Rodeo Association; and United Leatherfolk of Connecticut. Barbary Coasters MC, SF; Trash, BC; and Zodiacs, BC disband.
1990:Formation of the Betty Page Social Club, sponsor of Toronto's Fetish nights.
1990: Daddy and the Muscle Academy The Finnish Government awards a $50,000 grant towards the making of a documentary on the life and work of Tom of Finland, to be entitled Daddy and the Muscle Academy. The film gives voice to the life and creative impulse of the gay erotic artist known across the gay world as 'Tom of Finland'. Essentially an interview documentary with some very brief 'enactments' inspired by Tom's artwork, this is a long way from fetish pornography but is thought-provoking nonetheless. Tom describes his early life in the Finnish army, in mundane jobs and, matter-of-factly, how he became inspired to put onto paper his exagerrated masculine fantasies of men in leather, uniforms and workwear.
1990:QSM (Quality SM) founded by Karen Mendelsohn starts a series of SM/fetish educational classes in San Francisco, that is still going strong as this is published.
1990:The newly formed Tarheel Leather Club of Greensboro North Carolina, takes on the formidable task of trying to unseat US Senator Jesse Helms R-NC. Their "Beat Jesse" campaign gains nationwide support, including that of IMsL Susie Sheperd with her t-shirt campaign.
1990:The US Census Bureau for the fist time includes a question on the census form that can help identify same sex couples. 69,200 female couples and 88,200 male couples self-identify.
1990:Release of USSM 1, the first of a series of four videos co-produced by Zeus and Drummer that depict real SM scenes with real SM players. There will eventually be four titles in this series. By 1995 they will be withdrawn from the US market due to persecution of the Los Angeles police.
1990:The 16 defendants in England's Operation Spanner case are brought to trial and convicted of assault and battery, because the judge rules that consent is not recognized, and even the bottoms who were consensually "assaulted" are deemed guilty!
1990:Publication of:
LA&M serving the fetish worldBad Boys & Tough Tattoos by Sam Steward
LA&M serving the fetish worldSome Dance to Remember by Jack Fritscher, a novel set in San Francisco's gay leather scene
LA&M serving the fetish worldLights out in the Reptile House a novel by Jim Shepard, a novel with strong SM overtones
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Quest a short story collection by Ben George
LA&M serving the fetish worldDoc and Fluff a lesbian SM novel by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldMineshaft Nights by Leo Cardini, an accurate picture of this famous place by one of its former employees
LA&M serving the fetish worldFrom Female to Male, The Life of Jack Bee Garland by Louis Sullivan
LA&M serving the fetish worldEncyclopedia of Homosexuality a two volume set edited by Wayne R. Dynes
LA&M serving the fetish worldComing Out Under Fire, The History of Gay Men and Women in World War Two by Allan Berube
1990, Jan.:The German SM-group "gibS/Mir" is formed in Kiel. By 1995 it will have about 20 members.
1990, Feb.: The Leather Journal names Dustin Logan, of Omaha Nebraska, and Jan Lyon of Seattle, man and woman of the year. Tony DeBlase is named business person of the year and GMSMA is named club of the year.
1990, Feb. 24:Malcom ForbesDeath of Malcolm Forbes, American millionaire and publisher of Forbes magazine. After his death it was revealed that Forbes, who had been divorced in 1985, spent an increasing amount of time in his later years in leather, riding his motorcycle and visiting New York City's leather/SM bars and backrooms (born: Aug. 18, 1919)
1990, Mar. 3:A fire destroys Touche, a prominent Chicago Leather Bar.
1990, March:New York City officials close safe-sex clubs in the wake of a club fire.
1990, March:Gabriel Antolovich of San Diego becomes the fourth International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1990, May 10:Chuck Renslow awarded charter membership in the City of Chicago Gay & Lesbian Hall of Fame.
1990, May:Mark Ryan of Boston is named the 12th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Vic Theatre in Chicago.
1989, May:Susie Shepherd, International Ms. Leather 1989, is the first woman to appear on the cover of The Leather Journal #15. The decision is not popular with magazine readers.
1990, June:In New York City GMSMA is invited to send a representative to a community meeting to be held at the residence of the Mayor.
1990, Summer:Luke Owens' Master & Slave contest is held in Los Angeles and won by Mark Bowers and Bob Farrell.
1990, July 24:Congressman Bob Dornan reads his "psychopath" speech into the US Congressional Record, saying, "There are no psychopathic dark recesses of my mind that know how to handle sadism, masochism, bondage, discipline, or torture disguised as some sort of sexual thrill..."
1990, Autumn:The German SM-group SMbH is formed in Hannover.
1990, Sept.:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 19 in Douglas MI. William Robert Birtles receives the Caligula Award and Brian Drake the J. Paul Eaton award.
1990, Sept. 18:Clive PlatmanClive Platman, Mr. Australia Drummer, presents Leather Pride Flag designer Tony DeBlase with an Australian version of the flag, incorporating the southern cross, from the Australian national flag, onto the original Leather Pride Flag design.
1990, Sept. 22:Clive Platman of Melborne, Australia is named the 11th Mr. Drummer in the first truly International Mr. Drummer contest in San Francisco. John Siracusa is named Drummerboy of the year.
1990, Oct. 26-29:NLA's Living In Leather V conference is held in Portland, OR. Jim Richards is reelected Male co-chair and Shannon Kenedy is elected Female co-chair. The Rev. Troy Perry is keynote speaker and Chuck Renslow and Pat Califia are presented with lifetime achievement awards. The contest is switched to LIL from May Day and Howard Martin of Seattle and Ruth Marks of San Francisco win the Mr. and Ms. NLA titles. Jan Lyon presents the organization with a huge, spectacular, studded leather banner created by Lee Willis of the Studworks.
1990, Nov. 6:Deborah Glick becomes the first out gay or lesbian elected to the New York State Assembly.
1990, Dec. 5:Death of Robert Chesley, Author of the play Jerker, and many other works.

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1991
TimeEvent
1991:Formation of Baltimore Leather Association of the Deaf (BLADeaf); Chain of Command, San Antonio; DAMES, Milwaukee; Key West Wreckers LLC; Melbourne Leather Men; NLA: Houston; Ozbears Australia, Sydney; Patrol Uniform Club, San Antonio; Stars MC, Albany NY; Tri-State Wolfpack, Cincinnati; Three Rivers LC, Pittsburgh; and Unicorns of Madison, WI.
1991:Melbourne Leather Men become the first club to incorporated the Leather Pride Flag design elements into their club colors.
1991:C-Space, a leather/SM/fetish educational service, which conducts lectures, demonstrations, etc. on various subjects, is organized in Seattle.
1991:Paul RubensActor Paul Reubens pleaded no contest to an indecent exposure charge after he was arrested for allegedly exposing himself in an adult cinema in Sarasota, Florida. After that plea, Reubens's Pee-wee Herman series of shows and films - aimed at children - came to an end. However he has had supporting roles in a number of films since then, including Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Blow.
1991:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldFrisk by Dennis Cooper, a highly controversial novel full of violence and terminal scenes
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeather Rouges and Rouges to Remember by Bill Lee (R. L. Warner)
LA&M serving the fetish worldUnderstanding the Male Hustler by Sam Steward
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Breviary of Torment poems by Thomas Cashet
LA&M serving the fetish worldMaster's Counterpoints by Larry Townsend, the first in a series of gay mystery novels with a leather theme
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Joy of Sexual Fantasy by Dr. Andrew Stanway
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeathermen Speak Out, An Anthology on Leathersex Edited by Jack Ricardo
LA&M serving the fetish worldZur Strafbarkeit sado-masochistischer Koerperverletzung by German lawyer Valentin Sitzmann. His analysis of German federal law comes to the conclusion that consensual sadomasochism is legal in Germany as long as any injury is not excessive. In his opinion, Masochists cannot be sued at all.
1991:The first American Leatherman contest names Jose Alberto Ucles as the titleholder.
1991, Feb. The Leather Journal holds its first Pantheon of Leather awards ceremony in Los Angeles. Bill Costomiris and Susie Shepherd are named Man and Woman of the Year. Lee Willis of the Studworks is named Business Person of the year and Tarheel Leather Club is Club of the Year. New awards this year include: Forbearer - Tom of Finland; Not for profit Organization - The Robert Maplethorpe Foundation; Reader's Choice - Susie Shepard; Publisher's Award - Bob Craig. Regional: Race Bannon, Bill Costomiris, Jaye Evans, & George Nelson.
1991, March:Kay Hallanger of Bloomington, IN, is named the 5th International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1991, Mar. 8:GMSMA celebrates its 10th Anniversary with a reception, conference, banquet, and show. The printed program is rich in historical information including a prototype of this timeline compiled by Gil Kessler and Thor Stockman.
1991, May:D. Cannon of Palm Springs CA is named the 13th International Mr. Leather at the Vic Theatre in Chicago.
1991, Summer:Luke Owen's Master & Slave contest in Los Angeles is won by Race Bannon & Mike Pierce.
1991, Summer:The German SM-activist group "AG SM & Oeffentlichkeit" is formed as part of the Suendikat Hamburg. Its aim is to improve the contact of sadomasochists with the general public and spread information among the German SM-subculture.
1991, July 7:Philip Rubin is named the first International Mr. Deaf Leather at the contest in Dallas.
1991, Sept. 6-12:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 20 in Douglas MI. Tony DeBlase receives the Caligula Award and John Robbins the J Paul Eaton award. This year Inferno is expanded to six days, divided into A and B sessions.
1991, Sept.20 - 21:Woody Bebout of St. Louis is named the 12th Mr. Drummer at the contest in San Francisco. Kevin Stedman of Orlando FL becomes the third Drummerboy of the year.
1991, Sept. 24:Dom "Etienne" Orejudos dies of AIDS related causes in Boulder, Colorado.
1991, Oct.: Leatherfolk, a collection of essays on gay and lesbian SM, edited by Mark Thompson is published.
1991, Oct. 11:At the opening ceremonies of Living in Leather a Canadian version of the Leather Pride Flag is presented. It ads to the basic design of the flag a row of red maple leaves running horizontally through the white stripe. To the best of my knowledge the design has never been used again.
1991, Oct. 11-13:Laura GoodwinNLA's Living in Leather VI conference is held in Chicago. Perry Watkins delivers the keynote address and Steve Maidhof and Jan Lyon are presented with Lifetime Achievement Awards. Bill Miranda Saltzman and Laura Goodwin are named Mr. and Ms. NLA at the contest.
1991, Nov. 7:Tom of Finland dies of emphysema in Helsinki at the age of 71.
1991, Nov. 11:Steve Maidhof, founding daddy of the National Leather Association and creator of the Living in Leather conferences, dies in San Francisco.

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1992
TimeEvent
1992:Formation of Cable Car Chapter of Knights of Malta, SF; Defenders LLC/Washington; Long Island Ravens MC; and URSAMEN New Preston, CT.
1992:The German SM-group Sadomasochistische Interessengemeinschaft e.V. is formed in Berlin.
1992:The AG SM & Oeffentlichkeit becomes an independent group
1992:Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldTales of the Dark Lord by John Preston
LA&M serving the fetish worldZur Sozialgeschichte des Sadomasochismus by German Peter Bahnen in which he explains his theory on the processes that enabled the formation of sadomasochistic subcultures at this time in history.
LA&M serving the fetish worldDream Master and other SM Stories by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldOne for the Master, Two for the Fool by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Switch and other Stories by Torsten Barring
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Encyclopedia of Unusual Sex Practices by Brenda Love
LA&M serving the fetish worldLearning the Ropes, A Basic Guide to Safe and Fun S/M Lovemaking by Race Bannon
LA&M serving the fetish worldSir! More Sir!, The Joy of S&M by Master Jackson
LA&M serving the fetish worldSM 101, A Realistic Introduction by Jay Wiseman
LA&M serving the fetish worldMaking History, The Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Equal Rights 1945 - 1990 by Eric Marcus
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Homoerotic Photograph, Male Images from Durieu/Delacroix to Mapplethorpe, by Allen Ellenzweig
LA&M serving the fetish worldBody Play magazine, first issue, edited and published by Fakir Musifar
1992:Canada lifts its ban on allowing lesbians and gays to serve in the military.
1992:Jose Alberto Ucles is named to continue for another year as American Leatherman.
1992:Bob Donaldson is named the second International Mr. Deaf Leather at the contest in Baltimore, MD.
1992, Jan.:The German SM-group Main Pain is formed in Frankfurt am Main.
1992, Feb.:Pat CalifiaAt The Leather Journal's Pantheon of Leather awards ceremony in Los Angeles Jim Richards and Pat Califia are named man and woman of the year. Other recipients are: Business Person - R.J. Chaffin; Business - Mr. S Leather; Club - Chicago Hellfire Club; Not for profit Organization - National Leather Association; Reader's Choice - Clive Platman & Ruth Marks; Forbearer - Gayle Rubin; Lifetime Achievement - Tom of Finland; Publishers - Chuck Renslow; International - George Whiting; Regionals: Southeast - M. P. Breslin; South Central - Philip Rubin; Rocky Mountain - Dino Rosie; West Coast - John Siracusa; Midwestern - Thom Dombowski; Eastern - Peri Jude Radecic.
1992, Feb.:Luke Owens coupled his contest to the Pantheon of Leather weekend and renamed it the International Master & Slave Contest. Winners this year were K.T. Chase and Susie Shepard.
1992, Mar.:Blair of San Francisco is named the 6th International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1992, Mar.:The German heterosexual SM-group SMart Rhein-Ruhr is founded in Essen. By 1997, it will have 100 members and regional groups in seven cities.
1992, March 30:Debra Chasnoff wins an Academy Award for the documentary film Deadly Deception.
1992, Spring:The German SM-group Lustvolles Leiden is formed in Muenster.
1992, April:The first regular Munch takes place at "Kirk's" in Palo Alto CA after STella posts the date on the Internet newsgroup alt.sex.bondage. Sporadic Munches had taken place before then.
1992, May:The German heterosexual SM-group SMart Bremen-Oldenburg is founded in Bremen and Oldenburg.
1992, May 12:Athletic Model GuildDeath of Bob Mizer, age 70, who from 1945 to 1990 was The Athletic Model Guild and from 1951 to 1990, held total control over it's publication Physique Pictorial. He created a 45 year celebration of the male body beautiful, and along the way invented gay wrestling, and discovered many prominent artists, including Tom of Finland.
1992, May 19:Desmodus Inc., including Drummer, Mach, Tough Customers, DungeonMaster, The Sandmutopia Guardian, and The Sandmutopia Supply Company, is sold to a Dutch corporation headed by Martjin Bakker, who is also the owner of RoB Amsterdam stores and galleries. Tony DeBlase becomes Editor Emeritis.
1992, May 23:The first meeting of the Board of Directors of the Leather Archives and Museum is held during the IML weekend in Chicago. LA&M is officially founded.
1992, May 24:Lenny Broberg of San Francisco becomes the 14th International Mr. Leather at the contest at the Aragon Ballroom in Chicago.
1992 May 17:Shan CarrClubs across the continent host screening parties for the comedy video Out For Laughs a collaboration of many gay and lesbian talents spearheaded by stand up comic, and International Ms. Leather 1988, Shan Carr.
1992 Sept. 5-7:PowerSurge, the “first International lesbian SM conference,” sponsored by Outer Limits was held in Seattle, WA, because “Leatherwomen have their own questions, answers and concerns that need to be addressed in their own arena.” The weekend long event, which boasted between 300 and 350 attendees included a variety of performances, facilitated workshops, “play parties and an Amazon Feast,” and was, by all published accounts, largely successful and fostered education and community building.
1992, Sept. 6:Death, in San Francisco, of International Mr. Leather 1983, Colt Thomas. (born: May 22, 1959)
1992, Sept. 9 - 13:Chicago Hellfire Club holds Inferno 21 in Douglas MI. Robert Guenther receives the Caligula Award and Ty Clements the J. Paul Eaton award.
1992, Sept.:19 Emerson Briney of Omaha, is named the 13th Mr. Drummer. John Hare of Los Angeles is named Drummerboy of the year at the contest in San Francisco.
1992, Oct. 9:NLA organizes demonstrations at the British Consulate in Chicago protesting treatment of the Operation Spanner defendants.
1992, Oct. 9-11:NLA's Living in Leather VII conference is held in Chicago. Pat Bond, a founder of Eulenspiegel in New York City, gives the keynote address and also receives the Lifetime Achievement award. Andy Anderson and K. T. Chase are selected as Mr. and Ms. NLA.
1992, Nov.:Australia ends its ban on gays and lesbians serving in the military.
1992, Nov.:Publication of the first issue of Checkmate, by T. A. Feldwebel, former editor of DungeonMaster, as an alternative to that title.
1992, Nov. 8:National Endowments for the ArtsRepresentatives from the leather/SM communities meet with representatives of the National Endowment of the Arts to discuss attacks on freedom of expression. The meetings are organized by Peri Jude Radecic of NGLTF.
1992, Nov. 9:The German Sadomasochist Wolfgang Boghardt holds public information courses on SM at Volkschochschulen (adult education centers) in Duisburg and Muelheim an der Ruhr. Media attention will force him to stop the popular courses.

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1993
Time Event
1993: Formation of Icon Detroit; Long Island Ravens; Journeyman of Syracuse; South Texas Leather Men, Corpus Christi; Suncoast LLC, St. Petersburg FL; Tartarus, St. Louis; and Trident International Windy City, Chicago. Cycle MC and Wheels MC merge in NYC.
1993: "The Magazine of a Sadomasochistic Club: The Tie that Binds" by Rick Houlberg is published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 21 (1/2). This is the first know content analysis of such a publication.
1993:Books Published
LA&M serving the fetish worldOn the Safe Edge, A Manual for SM Play by Trevor Jacques with Dr. Dale, Michael Hamilton, & Sniffer
LA&M serving the fetish worldDifferent Loving - The World of Sexual Dominance and Submission by Gloria Brame et al.
LA&M serving the fetish worldSM: Sensuous Magic, A Guide for Adventurous Couples by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Arena by John Preston
LA&M serving the fetish worldMy Life as a Pornographer, & other indecent acts by John Preston
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeatherwomen by Laura Antoniou
LA&M serving the fetish worldExposed, Big Shots, and Beast of Burden, three collections of short stories by Aaron Travis
LA&M serving the fetish worldLewd Conduct a collection of short stories by John W. Rowberry
LA&M serving the fetish worldPeter Thornwell by Torsten Barring
LA&M serving the fetish worldTies That Bind by Guy Baldwin, a compilation of his columns from Drummer and other publications
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Leather Contest Guide by Guy Baldwin
LA&M serving the fetish worldBob Flanagan: Supermasochist published by REsearch as Vol. 1 in the People Series
LA&M serving the fetish worldAin't Nobody's Business If You Do, The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in a Free Society by Peter McWilliams
LA&M serving the fetish worldLe Phallus, Sacred Symbol of Male Creative Power by Alain Danilou in French. English edition 1995
1993: Mark Thompson's Leatherfolk is published in German as Lederlust -- Der SM-Kult.
1993: Los Angeles Police raid the San Diego home of Lee Baldwin, who produced, directed, and starred in his own line of gay SM videos. Police confiscate Ass Play, a video that includes several fisting scenes, and several others. Baldwin is convicted and sentenced to 547 hours of community service and fined $3000.
1993: Sports Illustrated rejects an Adidas advertisement because it featured a Canadian soccer team wearing nothing but their athletic shoes, despite the fact that thanks to artfully arranged hands, heads and soccer balls, not one team member showed more flesh than the average female model does in SI's notorious annual swimsuit issue.
1993: Jeff Chiofolo is named American Leatherman.
1993: Chris Muller is named International Mr. Deaf leather.
1993: John Ferrari is named Mr. Vulcan Rubber.
1993, Feb. 14: The Lesbian Avengers erect a paper-mache sculpture of Alice B. Toklas beside the statue of Gertrude Stein in Bryant Park in New York City.
1993, Mar. 5: Tam von Hohenzohllern & Kit Terkel are selected as second International Master & Slave at contest in Orlando.
1993, Mar. 6: Woody Bebout The Leather Journal's Pantheon of Leather awards ceremony is held in Orlando. Woody Bebout and Kay Hallanger were named Man and Woman of the Year. Other awards are: Business person - Kevin Drewery; Business - The Hun/Bill Schmeling; Club - Outer Limits; Not for Profit Organization - AIDS Emergency Fund of San Francisco; Forbearer -Dom Orejudos; Lifetime Achievement - Chuck Renslow; Publisher's - Wane Griffith; Reader's Choice - Joseph Bean & Woody Bebout (tie) & Kay Hallanger; International - Andy Anderson; Regionals: Southeast - Janet Blevens; South Central - Chuck Higgins; Rocky Mountain - Pat Sanchez; West Coast - Race Bannon; Midwestern - Bryan Smith; Eastern -Barry Douglas; Canadian - Bill Houghton.
1993, Mar.: Amy Marie Meek of Omaha becomes the 7th International Ms. Leather at the contest in San Francisco.
1993, Apr. 24: The second "SM Leather Conference" is held in Washington DC during the "March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights."
1993, Apr. 24: Jad Keres and other members of the American lesbian SM-group Female Trouble Philadelphia launch a study on violence against lesbian sadomasochists at the "SM Leather Conference" during the "March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights."
1993, May: The German SM-group SMAGK is formed in Karslruhe. By 1995 it will have about 15 members.
1993, May: National Leather Association opens international office in San Francisco and hires first paid staff member.
1993, May 28: Leather Archives and Museum opens its first display of collected materials during the International Mr. Leather weekend in Chicago.
1993, May 28: Publication of the first edition of this Leather History TimeLine edited by Anthony F. DeBlase.
1993, May 29: Leather Archives and Museum holds it's first membership meeting in Chicago during IML.
1993, May 30: Henri Ten Have from the Netherlands is selected as the 15th International Mr. Leather at the Arogon Ballroom in Chicago.
1993, May 30: David Morgan is selected as the first International Boot Black during the IML contest in Chicago.
1993, June 23: Bobbit Lorena Bobbitt, for whatever reason, used a kitchen knife to slice off her sleeping husband's penis, which she tossed into a grassy field. It was recovered and, through the miracles of modern surgery, reattached. In their separate trials both John and Lorena Bobbitt were acquitted.
1993, Aug.: The German AG SM & Oeffentlichkeit publishes the first edition of the SM Adressbuch, a yearly collection of mostly heterosexual SM-resources and addresses. More than 3,500 copies will have been sold by August 1995.
1993, Aug. 12: Trident International Windy City founded by John Schultz, Rob Ridinger and Ed Luisi.
1993, Sept. 8-13: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 22 in Douglas MI. David Clare and Stephen Shorle jointly receive the Caligula award and Anthony Kohut the J. Paul Eaton award.
1993, Sept. 9: Cornelius Pass Roadhouse The first leather/sm/fetish munch in Oregon is held at the Cornelius Pass Roadhouse in Hillsboro. 19 people attend including Patti Beadles who, as Kris Asber, had posted the invitation for the munch to alt.sex.bondage. Within the next two days she had founded the pdx.abs mailing list and shortly thereafter the group started having munches on a weekly basis at the Blue Moon saloon in Portland. As of this printing they still do.
1993, Sept. 25: Graylin Thornton of Sacramento is selected as the 14th Mr. Drummer, during the Leather Pride Week contest in San Francisco. Spot Gilea, also from Northern California, was named Drummerboy of the Year.
1993, Oct. 1: Les Cuirassés de Québec is founded
1993, Oct. 8-10: NLA's Living In Leather VIII conference was held in Houston. Peri Jude Radecic keynote speaker. Lifetime Achievement Awards to Fakir Musafar and Dorothy Hajdys. Mark Frasier & Artemis Silver Owl both from Dallas, are named Mr. & Ms NLA.
1993, Nov.: The German sociologist Thomas A. Wetzstein publishes the results of a study on the German SM-subculture in Ssadomasochismus - Szenen und Rituale. The findings support the concepts of Spengler and Weinbert. About 38% of the respondents are women. The results are not published in English and receive no notice outside of Germany.
1993, Dec. 31: Death of Samuel Moris Steward, 82. Instructor in SM to Chuck Renslow, Alfred Kinsey, and many more; recognized writer under his own name, and as Phil Andros. recognized artist under his own name, and as Phil Sparrow, tattoo artist.

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1994
Time Event
1994: Mates Clubs formed: Bears LA (Los Angeles), Bears of San Francisco, Bears SD (San Diego), Vancouver [BC] branch of Betty Page Social Club, Black Eagle Leather Klub (Los Angeles), Black Jack Bears (Las Vegas), Boston Rubber Club, Brothers in Leather, Chemnitzer Eagle (Germany), Club Les Cuirasses de Quebec (Quebec City), Defenders LLC/San Francisco, Delta International, Enforcers RI (Providence), Empowerment through Sensual Conduct and Attitudes Power Exchange (Escape, Las Vegas), FIST (Houston), Females Investigating Sexual Terrain (FIST, Baltimore) 4-L Club (SF), Houston Area Bears, Inter-Bike (Copenhagen), Leather Club Thuringen (Germany), Leather Scribes, Mates Provincetown, Mecs en Caoutchiuc (Dammarie Les Lys, FR), Rogues MC (Roanoke, VA), SandMen (San Diego), Silver State Leather Association (Reno), Steel City Centurions (Birmingham AL), Tennessee Leather Tribe, Memphis: Toronto Deaf Leather Association, ), and Trident Knights (Charleston SC).
1994: Mudmen (Houston) changes name to SludgeMaster.
1994: The pansexual German SM-group Offener Gespraechskreis SM is formed in Berlin.
1994: The German SM-group SMile Freiburg is formed in Friburg.
1994: First Mr. Bear Ohio, Ms East Coast Leather, Idaho Leather Pride, Mr. New Mexico Leather, Mr. New Mexico Leather Pride, Mr. Oklahoma Drummer, Mr. Philadelphia Deaf Leather, Rocky Mountain Ms Leather, Ms San Diego Leather Woman, and Western Canada Drummer contests.
1994: Brent Lacey (IML 1993 fist runner-up) receives Order of Australia from Queen Elizabeth II for success of the Red Ribbon Project.
1994: Chicks in White Satin, a documentary film by Elaine Holliman about a lesbian wedding ceremony is nominated for an Academy Award.
1994: First issues of serials: Black Leather...In Color, Fetish, In Uniform, Masta Entertainment Complete Video Catalog, and Project X.
1994: Books Published
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Loving Dominant 1st edition by John Warren
LA&M serving the fetish worldMapplethorpe, Assault with a Deadly Camera, A Pop Culture Memoir by Jack Fritscher
LA&M serving the fetish worldShaddowman by Torsten Barring
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Flesh Fables, a collection of short stories by Aaron Travis
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Slave Prince by Vince Gilman
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Caning For Sinngapore, by RT/Texas
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeathersex: A Guide for the Curious Outsider and the Serious Player by Joseph Bean
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeatherwomen II by Laura Antoniou
LA&M serving the fetish worldDoing it for Daddy by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldPublic Sex by Pat Califia
LA&M serving the fetish worldBeneath the Skins, by Ivo Domingues Jr.
LA&M serving the fetish worldElements of Arousal by Lars Eighner
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeathersex by Max Exander (Paul Reed)
LA&M serving the fetish worldSadomasochism by William Thompson
LA&M serving the fetish worldSubmission Holds by Key Lincoln
LA&M serving the fetish worldHustling: A Gentleman's Guide to the Fine Art of Homosexual Prostitution by John Preston
LA&M serving the fetish worldTales from the Dark Lord II by John Preston
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Kiss of the Whip, Explorations in SM by Jim Prezwalski
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Master's Manual, A Handbook of Erotic Dominance by Jack Rinella
LA&M serving the fetish worldTom of Finland, His Life and Times by Valentine F. Hooven III
LA&M serving the fetish worldAnimal Handlers by Jay Shaffer
LA&M serving the fetish worldThat Day at the Quarry by Tom Shaw
LA&M serving the fetish worldResource Book Three by SM Gays of London
LA&M serving the fetish worldErotica Universalis by Giles Neret
LA&M serving the fetish worldRituals by Kyle Stone
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Case of the Severed Head by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldHazing: An Anthology of Hazing Tales by Bob Wingate
1994: Gayle Rubin completes her PhD in Anthropology at the University of Michigan. Her dissertation is The Valley of the Kings: Leathermen in San Francisco, 1960 - 1990.
1994: Business openings include: Clone Zone store on Earls Court, across from the Coleherne, London's oldest leather bar; Gays and Lesbians of Brooklyn and Everywhere community center; Mon Cheri's The Chamber, Atlanta, GA; Our House Gallery, Amsterdam; and 7702 SM Club, West Hollywood.
1994: Faultline, formerly Griff's Los Angeles, reopens.
1994: James McGlade buys The Leather Rack (DC) from Richard Cogan.
1994: The New Yorker In an interview published in The New Yorker Dominique Aury admits that she is Pauline Reage, author of The Story of O. She said she wrote the book as a love letter to the man she adored, Jean Paulhan, a prominent French critic, after he said she couldn't write an erotic book.
1994, early: The mailbox Slaves and Masters BBS is founded in Hamburg, Germany.
1994: The new Republic of South Africa constitution prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation.
1994: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition is issued with considerably revised definitions of Masochism and Sadism, which in essence say that it they are not illnesses unless you are bothered by your interest in them and they interfere with your normal functioning in other aspects of your life.
1994: Thomas S. Weinberg publishes a summary of two decades of sociological research on sadomasochism, describing it as "erotic, consensual, and recreational."
1994: The American psychologist Eugene E. Levitt and colleagues confirm Breslow's finding that nonprostitute female sadomasochists exist.
1994: The first Spanner/Mart fundraiser, organized by the 15 Association and others, is held in San Francisco to raise money for the Operation Spanner defense fund.
1994: A film version of Ann Rice's novel Exit to Eden is released. It is very SM positive, but critics pan it. It is pretty silly, but so was the novel.
1994: Victor Magide is named American Leatherman and Sarah Humble is named American Leatherwoman.
1994: Jose Granda is named International Mr. Deaf Leather.
1994: Ryan Johnson is named Mr. Vulcan Rubber 1994.
1994: Missouri high school teacher Rodney Wilson organizes teachers and community leaders to educate the public about the history of lesbian, gay and bisexual people. The National Gay and Lesbian History Month each October grows out of this movement.
1994, Jan.: The Lure, a leather bar, opens in New York city just around the corner from the former site of the Mineshaft. The consortium of owners are all leathermen. It is instantly successful.
1994, Jan 19: Tennessee Leather Tribe founded in Memphis.
1994, Feb. 4: Sheila Kuehl becomes the first out gay or lesbian elected to the California Assembly.
1994, Feb. 26: For the first time Gay and Lesbian Asian-Pacific organizations are included in the San Francisco Chinese New Year Parade.
1994, March: Publication of Doomed Rabbit, Recipes from the Kitchens of Leather Folk and Friends compiled by Aubrey Hart Sparks, and including recipes contributed by leather people from all over North America, and from some non-leather people including Hilly Clinton, is published as a fundraiser in the "Hands off Washington" campaign.
1994, March: Female Trouble The American lesbian SM-group Female Trouble in Philadelphia publishes the study "Violence against SM Women within the Lesbian Community" (The "Jad Keres Report"). Based on a 539 questionnaires completed by lesbian sadomasochists, the study documents that 56% of them were subjected to some form of violence from vanilla lesbians because of their SM orientation. This is the only known study on violence against sadomasochits, lesbian or otherwise.
1994, March 5: John Birch and Beau Lee James of Oak Brook IL are selected as the International Master and slave at this year's contest in Houston.
1994, March 6: Brother Help Thyself The Leather Journal's Pantheon of Leather awards ceremony is held in Houston. Joseph Bean and K.T. Chase are named Man and Woman of the Year. Other awards are: Business Person: Scott Rodriguez of the Cuff in Seattle WA; Business: Mr. S Leathers, San Francisco; Club: Centaur MC, Washington DC; Club sponsored event: Living in Leather VIII; Non-Profit Organization: Brother Help Thyself, Washington DC; Forbearer: Dom "Etienne" Orejudos; Lifetime Achievement: Tony DeBlase; Readers Choice: Lenny Broberg and K. T. Chase; Publisher's: Brian Dawson; International: Don Bastian, Calgary; Regionals: West Coast - Guy Baldwin; Rocky Mountain - Joe Potter; South Central - Boots Adams; Midwest - Ed Tobin; Southeast - Jose Alberto Ucles; Eastern - Alan Chiras; Canadian - Trevor Jacques.
1994, March 19: Anne Bergstedt of Seattle WA, is selected as the 8th International Ms Leather at the contest in San Francisco. She later resigns and Cindy Bookout, the first runner up, assumes the title.
1994, March 25-27: Omikron of Indianapolis holds its first major run: Omikron 500 -- Lap 1. The Mr. Indiana Leather Contest was won by Lance Bray of Fort Wane.
1994, March 31: Tom of Finland exhibition opens at the Schwules Museum in Berlin for a three month run. A Catalog of the exhibition is published: Tom of Finland Exhibition 1994-95.
1994, May 27: The second edition of this Leather History Timeline is published.
1994, May 27-30: Leather Archives & Museum exhibits a portion of it's collection in Chicago during International Mr. Leather 1994.
1994, May 29: 16th International Mr. Leather Contest. Jeff Tucker of San Jose is selected at the contest at the Congress Theatre in Chicago.
1994, May 29: International Boot Black 1994, William Steele is named during the IML contest in Chicago.
1994, June: Gay Games IVGay Games IV was held in New York during June 1994 to coincide with the Stonewall 25 celebration. Attending Unity '94 were former Olympic competitors, celebrities, politicians, and, in keeping with the continued growth of the Gay Games, nearly 11,000 athletes and about 1,500 cultural participants from 40 countries. Featuring 31 sports, Gay Games IV exceeded the Olympics in numbers of athletic participants.
1994, June: Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots held in New York City at the conclusion of Gay Games 1994. Hundreds of thousands of gay men and women fill the city in celebration.
1994, June: A consortium of NYC area leather/SM clubs sponsors International SM-Leather-Fetish Celebration. The largest conference of SM/leather/fetish people yet!
1994, June: Becoming Visible, an exhibit centering on the Stonewall riots, but extending well into the pre-stonewall era of gay and lesbian history in New York City is featured at the New York Public Library. SUPERB!
1994, June: Publication of Long Road to Freedom, The Advocate History of the Gay and Lesbian Movement edited by Mark Thompson.
1994, June: Joe Granda wins International Mr. Deaf Leather contest in New York City.
1994, June 23: The German government television station ARD shows a documentary on the SM group Suendikat Hamburg. Though the end shows a female sadomasochist who plans to get rid of her orientation, the tone of this programs is mostly positive.
1994, July: Michael M. Schein is convicted of obscenity for producing and distributing gay male videos, including Give That Man a Hand, depicting urination. He is sentenced to 18 months federal detention.
1994, Sept.: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 23 in Douglas Michigan. Tony Philbin receives the Caligula award and Ralph Cheesborough the J Paul Eaton award.
1994, Sept.: Leather Pride Week in San Francisco. Keith Hunt is named International Mr. Drummer 1994/95, and Mark Colter is named International Drummber Boy.
1994, Sept.: The first regular German radio program on sadomasochism by sadomasochists, "Radio Schwazer Adler", is started in Hamburg. It will broadcast over 30 programs by July 1997.
1994, Oct.: Living in Leather IX is held in Toronto ON. K. T. Chase becomes new female Co-chair. Lifetime Achievement awards are presented to John Preston and Nan Burrows. Titleholders selected are Mr. NLA Don Bastian of Calgary and Ms NLA Mary Dante of Toronto.
1994, Dec. 10: Bear Dog Hoffman takes over Richard Bulger's ailing Brush Creek Media (Bear and Power Play magazines) and quickly adds Terry LeGrande's Parkwood Publications (International Leatherman, FQ, etc.) Brush Creek soon revives Bunknhouse and Honbres Latinos magazines.
1994: San Francisco Eagle Deaths: historian John F Boswell; Mr. Drummer 1993, Emerson Briney; Mr. Sacramento Leather 1991, Randy Gray; Great Lakes Drummer Boy 1993, David Hawn; International Mr. Leather 1987, Thomas Karasch; author John Preston; The first Mr. Leather New York, Henry Romanowski; Leather Journal columnist Paul "Papa Bear" Shem; San Francisco Eagle manager, Terry Thompson; Mr. Indiana Leather 1992, Ed Tobin; and David Weinbaum of GMSMA.

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1995
Time Event
1995: Onyx Clubs formed: Brew City Bears (Milwaukee), Coastal Empire Sentinels (Savannah), The Dedicated and Safe Club (Chicago), Dragon Leather Club (Columbus OH), Firebirds, Milwaukee; Harbor City Bears (Sydney), International Dungeon and Playroom Association, Knight Cruisers (Lexington) Leather Engineers of Omaha, ONYX/Chicago, Pikes Peak Summit Masters (Colorado Springs), Red Earth Bears (Oklahoma City), Seattle Kink Information Network (SKIN), South Sound S&M Leatherfolk (Olympia WA), Sober, Safe, Sane and Consensual Club of Chicago; The SOCIETY Connecticut chapter, South Texas Lather Men (Corpus Christi), The Spanking Club (Los Angeles), Texas Riders MC Corpus Christi Chapter, Trident International Baltimore, Vulcan America Southern California (Los Angeles) West Florida Growlers of Tampa, and Women's Welcoming Committee (Seattle).
1995: Clubs disbanded: Black Angels (Koln), Cascade Bears (Portland, OR), Lost Angels (DC), Ozbears Australia, and Vanguards MC (Philadelphia).
1995, early: The German SM-group aktiveS/Muenchen is formed in Munich by a splinter group of freiesMuenchen.
1995: Satyrs MCCancellation of the Satyrs M/C Badger Flat Run is reported in The Leather Journal. The club holds a smaller event - Camp Satyr at Badger Flat - to continue the Badger Flat Run tradition.
1995: The Polish SM-Society is formed in Nowy Sacz, Poland. This is the first known SM group in that country.
1995: C-Space, an SM instruction forum ceases operations in Seattle.
1995: The David Weinbaum Foundation is founded in New York City. The purpose of the foundation it to make cash grants to organizations to be used for specific projects benefiting the leather/SM/fetish community.
1995: The 15 Association creates a fund, named for deceased member Alexis Sorel, in order to assist brothers in need.
1995: Northwest Bondage Club (Seattle) secures new meeting and play space on Capitol Hill.
1995: First Ms Florida Leather, International Mr. Fantasy, Mr. Leather Europe, and Ms New Mexico Leather contests.
1995: Books Published
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Bottoming Book by Dossie Easton and Catherine A. Lizst
LA&M serving the fetish worldSafe, Sane, Consensual and Fun by John Warren
LA&M serving the fetish worldScrew the Roses, Send me the Thorns by Philip Miller and Molly Devon
LA&M serving the fetish worldThy Rod and Staff by Edward Anthony
LA&M serving the fetish worldWriting Below the Belt, Conversations with Erotic Authors by Michael Rowe
LA&M serving the fetish worldLooking for Mr. Preston, A Celebration of the Writer's Life Edited by Laura Antoniou
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Stonewall Experiment, A Gay Psychohistory by Ian Young
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Gay and Lesbian Literary Heritage, A reader's companion to the writers and their works from antiquity to the present Edited by Claude J. Summers
LA&M serving the fetish worldOut of the Past, Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present by Neil Miller
LA&M serving the fetish worldUnspeakable, The Rise of the Gay and Lesbian Press in America by Rodger Streitmatter
LA&M serving the fetish worldOne-Handed Histories, The eroto-politics of gay male video pornography by John R. Burger
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Hero, Manhood and Power by John Lash
LA&M serving the fetish worldStudies in Dominance and Submission by Thomas A. Weinberg, A second, revised, edition
LA&M serving the fetish worldBy Her Subdued Edited by Laura Antoniou
1995: The Real Thing Richard Kasak Books publishes a new edition of William Carney's novel The Real Thing, originally published by Putnam's in 1968 and long out of print. Review by: Samuel R. Delany This brief, elegant psychological novel is what might be imagined if Andre Gide and Marguerite Yourcenar had decided to collaborate on the ultimate S/M double-whammy. From a cool, cool beginning it rises to a truly astonishing pitch of excitement. By the end it's equally astonishing how much we know about these people, considering how artfully little we've been told.
1995: Greg Lowe is named American Leatherman, Mon Cherie is named American Leatherwoman, and Kevin McGraw is named American Leatherboy.
1995: Jack Stice and tom Stice are named International Master and Slave.
1995, Jan.: Publication of The Politics of Pain: Torturers and Their Masters edited by Ronald D. Crelinsten and Alex P. Schmid.
1995, March 1: Firebirds founded in Milwaukee
1995, March 8: Hungary legalizes common law same sex marriage.
1995, March 25: The State of Mississippi ratifies the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, making slavery illegal in the state.
1995, May: The Leather Archives and Museum mounts it's third exhibition during International Mr. Leather weekend.
1995, May : International Mr Leather contest at the Congress Theatre in Chicago is won by Larry Everett, Mr. Oklahoma Leather.
1995, May: Tim Cousins wins International Bootblack 1995 during IML contest in Chicago.
1995, May 26: The Supreme Court of Canada ruled it is illegal to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation.
1995, June 1: Effective date of NLA: San Diego's decision to withdraw from affiliation with NLA: I. and rename itself Club X.
1995, June: Mexico's first March for Human Rights of Lesbians and Gays is held in Tijuana.
1995, June 6: Craig Byrnes introduces his design for the "International Bear Brotherhood Flag." A design based on the Leather Pride flag, with seven fur-colored stripes and a paw-print in the upper left, is accepted.
1995, Mid: The German SM group SMarti.e.s. is formed in Hamburg.
1995, July 6: David Cowan of Indianapolis is selected as the fifth International Mr. Deaf Leather at the contest in Montreal.
1995, July 20-23: pat baille wins International MS. Leather in Chicago.
1995, July 30: The 15 Association, The Outcasts and the Society of Janus join forces to host SpannerMart 2 in San Francisco, raising $7,248 for the Spanner Defense Fund.
1995, July 31: Iran's parliament votes to ban the sale of seedless watermelons because "the unnatural melons spread corruption, robbing the youths of moral values, promoting homosexuality and asexuality"!
1995, Aug.: The Orange County Leather Assembly hosts its second annual "Meet a Master" weekend, this year featuring Tony DeBlase.
1995, Aug, 18-20: Fantasy 1995 changes format and includes the first ever International Mr. Fantasy contest, won by J. D. Buchart.
1995, Sept. 1 - 5: Delta International hosts it's first SM run in Pennsylvania. The core membership of the group is from Chicago Hellfire Club, and the Delta run is very similar to Inferno, but in an incredibly better venue!
1995, Sept. 7 - 13: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 24 in Douglas Michigan. Michael Horowitz receives the Caligula Award and Race Bannon the J Paul Eaton award.
1995, Sept. 23: At the Mr. Drummer contest in San Francisco, David WW Walker is named International Mr. Drummer. and Pup is named International Drummer Boy.
1995, Oct. 6-8: NLA holds its tenth Living in Leather Conference in Portland OR. Mark Frasier becomes male co-chair. Tony DeBlase and Woody Bebout are Keynote speakers. Viola Johnson and Larry Townsend receive the Lifetime Achievement awards. Mr. and Ms NLA are David Hoffenbacker and Stacey.
1995, Nov 4: The Leather Archives and Museum moves to a storefront at 5007 N Clark St. and opens its first permanent exhibition gallery. The first show highlights items from the collection and features the original artwork of Dom Orejudos. The collection is made available to researchers.
1995, Nov.: The Spanking Club of Los Angeles is founded by Glenn Walker and five other men.
1995, Nov. 5: Motorsport Club Amsterdam Motor Sportclub Amsterdam and the European Council of Motorcycle Clubs sponsored the 1996 Mr. Europe Leather and Mr. Europe Drummer contests. Antonio Sanchez of Madrid Spain won both titles and will represent Europe in both IML and the Mr. Drummer finals in 1996.
1995, Nov. 15: Beyond the Edge Cafe, operated by Alena Gabosch and Denise Pedro, opens in Seattle. It quickly becomes the meeting place for men and women into the leather/sm/fetish scene. Many special interest and social groups use it as a meeting space and it is the site of many scene related art shows and performances. Closes, Jan. 1999.
1995: TLC, A year with a leather club is released. This documentary video made by Randy Riddle covers a year of activities by the members of the Tarheel Leather Club.
1995: Dungeon Master Desmodus Inc. stops publishing DungeonMaster and The Sandmutopia Guardian. Harold Cox and Bob Reite, the owners of Checkmate purchase DungeonMaster and incorporate it into their publication. Mitch Kessler and Gerrie Blum, a couple from New York who have been involved in many aspects of the SM community for many years, purchase The Sandmutopia Guardian and resume publication of that title.
1995, Dec. 31: A New Years Eve SM Play Party is the first of many play parties in the lower level of the Beyond the Edge Cafe in Seattle.

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1996
Time Event
1996: Formation of Men of Rubber, Chicago; and Wisconsin Leathermen, Milwaukee.
1996: Formation of Men of Discipline group in New York City moving to Washington DC a year later.
1996: The National Leather Association of Canada (Vancouver), after years of no contact with any other part of NLA, changes its name to VantaSM.
1996: South Africa adopts a new constitution which bans discrimination based on sexual orientation, the first instance of such laws being incorporated into a constitution.
1996: The German activist Matthias Grimme publishes the SM-Handbuch. This is the first SM safety book written in German.
1996: Books published in English
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeathersex Q & A by Joseph Bean
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Second Coming - A Leatherdyke Reader, edited by Pat Califia and Robin Sweeney
LA&M serving the fetish worldMy Private Life - Real Experiences of a Dominant Woman by Mistress Nan
LA&M serving the fetish worldDefending Pornography: Free Speech, Sex, and the Fight for Women's Rights, by Nadine Strossen
LA&M serving the fetish worldRitual Sex, by Tristan Taormino and David Aaron Clark
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Gay Almanac, compiled by the National Museum and Archive of Lesbian and Gay History
LA&M serving the fetish worldWho's A Pretty Boy Then?, One Hundred and Fifty Years of Gay Life in Pictures by James Gardiner
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Only Reason I Mention This, A Collection of the Best of The Wearin' O' The Hides Columns by Daddy Bob
LA&M serving the fetish worldHard to Imagine, Gay Male Eroticism In Photography and Film From Their Beginnings to Stonewall by Thomas Waugh
LA&M serving the fetish worldValentine's Shanghaied by Valentine Hooven
1996: Daniel Sonnenfeld is named International Mr. Deaf Leather and Cool Cat is named the first International Ms Deaf Leather.
1996: Morgana and michael, from Denver, are named International Master and slave 1996.
1996: Kevin Watson selected as International Mr. Fantasy 1996.
1996: The James C. Hormel Gay and Lesbian Center in the San Francisco public library opens as the first separate lesbian and gay collection in a US public library.
1996, Jan.: Astride Indricane and Birgita Bohvinger, a lesbian couple, are legally united under new laws allowing same sex marriages in Latvia.
1996, Jan.: Performance Artist Bob "Supermasochist" Flanagan dies at age 42 of cystic fibrosis.
1996, Jan.: Lovett New York's White Columns mounted a show of bright color photographs of duo John Lovett and Alessandro Codagnone with their in-laws: Lovett's parents are all about American suburbia, Codagnone's live in a respectable home outside Milan, Italy. The parents smile, the boys are smiling too -- and draped in leather and bondage gear. "We're a couple, just as they're a couple, and yet who is normal or abnormal?" says Codagonone.
1996, Feb.: The Salt Lake City school board votes to ban all nonacademic clubs in order to quash the student's Gay-Straight Alliance.
1996, Feb: Beasts & Beauties, The Erotic art of Olaf is published
1996, Feb. 10: The Leather Journal holds it's first Mr. and Ms Olympus Leather during the Pantheon Of Leather weekend. Ron Hendon and Daddy Flo are named to the titles.
1996, Feb. 11: Pantheon of Leather IV is held in New Orleans. Woody Bebout and Sarah Humble are Man and Woman of the year. Cindy Bookout and Frank Nowicki receive the Reader's Choice awards. Lifetime Achievement to Don Thompson. Forbearer to Judy Tallwing-McCarthy, Publisher's award to Walter Klinger and Gerald LeGault, Club of the Year to The 15 Association; Club Event of the Year - 25th Anniversary /ECMC Weekend, Motor Sport Amsterdam, NonProfit Organization of the year Countdown on Spanner National Effort, Business of the Year to Gauntlet, Inc., Business person of the year to Jim McGlade and Chuck Renslow, International to Dom Bastian and Mary Dante; Regional awards are: Southeast: Bill Costomiris and Jack Stice, South Central: Dean Walradt, Rocky Mountain: Greg Lowe, West Coast: Jeff Henness, Midwest: Jan Hall, Canadian: Paris Elizabeth Sea. Local Community Service to Aubrey Hart Sparks.
1996, April: Companions on a Journy hold the first gay conference in Sri Lanka.
1996, May: The Alternate Sources Guide by Trevor Jacques is published.
1996, May 8: Death of Alan Oversby, a.k.a. Mr. Sebastian, Britain's master piercer.
1996, May 9: The Canadian House of Commons passes landmark legislation banning discrimination against homosexuals.
1996, May 9: The US Postal Service announced that it operated a mail order pornography company for nearly two years as part of an undercover investigation aimed at people who purchased illicit materials depicting children in sex acts.
1996, May 24: Denmark provides protection from employment discrimination for lesbians, gay men and bisexuals.
1996, May 24-27: International Mr. Leather weekend in Chicago. The Contest at the Congress Theatre is won by Joe Gallagher of New York City
1996, May 26: Todd Nelson is named International Boot Black at the IML contest in Chicago.
1996, June - Aug.: The Fleet is In New York's Whitney Museum of American Art features a show including three of Pal Cadmus' most controversial (at least in the 1930's when they were painted) works: "The Fleet's In!", "Sailors and Floosies", and "Shore Leave", all of which feature ripe male sailor bodies interacting with prostitutes, and each other.
1996, June 4: Iceland becomes the fourth country to create a domestic partnership registry for same sex couples. Denmark was first in 1989, followed by Norway and Sweden.
1996, June 22: Beyond the Edge Cafe in Seattle hosts the first in it's series of Fetish Nights.
1996, July: SMart Bremen-Oldenburg becomes the second German SM group to be awarded the legal status as an eingetragener Verein (e.V.).
1996, July: At the Republican National Convention there are four openly lesbian, gay or bisexual delegates. Later, at the Democratic convention there are 142.
1996, Aug.: Kolbe Republican Congressman Jim Kolbe (of Arizona) is forced out of the closet after he votes to allow states to ban same sex marriage. He won re-election that year. In 2000, he became the first openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention, although his speech did not address gay rights. He has been lukewarm in his support of same-sex marriage, voted in support of the Defense of Marriage Act, and strongly supports the availability of universal civil unions. Kolbe supports abortion rights and is a strong proponent of guest worker programs for immigrants. All of these stances have caused some resentment in the Republican Party. Kolbe was challenged by conservative Randy Graf in the 2004 primary and won renomination.
1996, Sept 6: Karl Watkins is found dead in his cell after being convicted of gross indecency at Wolverhampton Crown Court (England) His crime? Outraging public decency by trying to make love to pavements and, in one case, an underpass. Despite psychiatric help he hadn't been able to shake off his strange fixation.
1996, Sept.: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 25 in Douglas Michigan. Peter Fiske receives the Caligula award and Jon Baumgartner the J. Paul Eaton award.
1996, Sept.: San Francisco Leather Pride Week.
1996, Sept: International Mr. Drummer Contest is won by Kyle Brandon, Mike DeNisco is named International Drummer Boy.
1996, Oct.: Jean Beland and Joey Zocher, two lesbians, are elected Homecoming King and Queen by the student body at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point.
1996, Oct. 3-6: Living In Leather XI is held in Portland OR. Jan Hall becomes female co-chair. Lifetime Achievement Awards are presented to Bob Flanagan and Sheree Rose, and to Jo Arnone. The International Mr. and Ms NLA titles are terminated, though Stacey is designated to continue as an Ambassador of NLA until further notice.
1996, Oct. 10: The Austrian SM-group Eat Me, Beat Me, is founded in Vienna based on the model of American Munches.
1996, Oct. 18 - 20: Leather University's Dungeon 101, held in Ft. Lauderdale FL, brings two days of SM instruction by a naturally recruited faculty. Small class sizes allow hands-on laboratory participation. And nightly homework assignments are given.
1996, Nov.: The German lesbian SM group SMacht! -- "Autonomes Netzwerk lesbischer und bisexueller Frauen" is founded. This is the first known lesbian SM group in Germany.
1996, Nov.: Matthew Bourne's new production of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake opens in London. Rewritten to feature an all male cast of swans and a prince who falls in love with the with the Swan King, who is dressed in black leather, the production is a hit in London and later in Los Angeles. It opens on Broadway in Nov. 1998.
1996, Nov.: Euro Bear magazine is launched in Cologne, Germany
1996, Nov. 12: Barry Douglas Death in New York City of leather community activist Barry Douglas. He served four years as Chairman of GMSMA, was on the steering committee for the 1987 March on Washington, co chaired the National Leather Conference held at that event, Served on the executive committee for the 1993 March On Washington and on the board of the International Stonewall 25 commemoration in 1994. In 1988 he was the first person to be honored as "Man of the Year" by The Leather Journal. (born 1949)
1996, Nov. 18: Death of Phillip Miller, coauthor with Molly Devon of Screw the Roses, Send Me the Thorns.
1996, Dec. 14: Marriage in Portland OR of Sharon Contreas and Lori Michelle Buckwalter. Buckwalter, still legally a male at the time of the ceremony, is in the last stages of gender change, which will be completed shortly after the ceremony. Then two legally recognized women will be partners in a legally recognized marriage.
1996, Dec. 16: Mach #34 is published by Brush Creek Media. The magazine originated as "Drummer's Big Brother" at Alternate Publications, becomes International Leatherman's adopted brother after Desmodus Inc. sells the title to the Bear family of magazines.

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1997
Time Event
1997 July 18 - 20: Genelle Moore of Lincoln NB is named International Ms. Leather. Her late brother Ron Moore was International Mr. Leather in 1984.
1997: Paul Thomas Anderson's movie Boogie Nights is released to critical acclaim. The story line is set in the porno movie industry in Southern California in the 1970's and '80's.
1997: La Nouvelle Justine A theme restaurant, La Nouvelle Justine, opens in Manhattan. The theme is SM, Along with the French cuisine, the staff of Top identified waitpersons and bottom identified supporting staff, both male and female, appropriately attired in leather and paraphanalia, will provide spankings, boot licking and other services. Prices are on the menu! Most guests sit at the tables, some eat out of a bowl on the floor.
1997: Tom Trading, Inc. begins marketing a line of designer clothing for men based upon the clothing worn by men in the art of Tom of Finland.
1997: The US Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act, which sought to censor cyberspace, is unconstitutional interference of free speech.
1997: US Television news programs shock the nation by broadcasting clips from home videos made in 1991 and 1993 showing US Marines enthusiastically pounding the sharp metal backs of awards pins into the bloodied chests of young paratroopers. Apparently the hazing ritual has been going on for years. Military officials expressed "shock" and "dismay".
1997: Pat Boone Pat Boone, pop singing star of the 1950's and 60's tarnished his squeaky clean Christian image by appearing on the American Music Awards telecast wearing a leather vest, dog collar, studded wristbands and flashing his 62 year old bare chest with temporary tattoos. Trinity Broadcast Network quickly canceled Boone's weekly gospel music show. On ABC's Good Morning America Boone later said, "God is into leather. The first clothes he made for anybody on this planet, he made them out of leather."
1997: Books Published
LA&M serving the fetish worldBetween The Cracks, The Daedalus Anthology of Kinky Verse edited by Gavin Geoffrey Dillard
LA&M serving the fetish worldBound To Be Free, The SM Experience by Charles Moser and JJ Madeson
LA&M serving the fetish worldOf men, ropes and remembrance, stories from Bound & Gagged magazine by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldMaster of Masters by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Leatherman's Handbook Silver Jubilee Edition by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldRainbow County and other stories by Jack Fritscher
LA&M serving the fetish worldHorseMen, Leathersex Short Fiction edited by Joseph Bean
LA&M serving the fetish world'Rasslers, 'Ranglers & Rough Guys, The Erotic Art of Matt edited by Joseph W. Bean
LA&M serving the fetish worldNo Other Tribute: Erotic Tales of Women in Submission by Laura Antoniou
LA&M serving the fetish worldSome Women Edited by Laura Antoniou
1997: Jim Raymond is named American Leatherman, Leslie Anderson is named American Leatherwoman, and Max Steiner is named American Leatherboy.
1997: Patrick Richardson is named International Mr. Deaf Leather and Cool Cat is selected to continue as a second year with the title of International Ms Deaf Lather.
1997: Ariq Robinson named International Mr. Fantasy 1997.
1997: Rich Villagarcia is named Mr. Vulcan Rubber 1997, The third man to hold this title, the first since 1994, and apparently, the last to hold it.
1997, Jan.: Margo Frasier begins her term as Sheriff of Travis County, Texas. She is the first out lesbian to be elected sheriff in the US.
1997, Jan.: New York S/M Activists formed by Leonard Dworkin and Susan Wright.
1997, Jan: Mike Seimer is named Mr. Mid-Atlantic Leather '97
1997, Feb: The European Court of Human Rights upholds the original ruling in the British "Spanner" case.
1997, Feb: The Black Guard of Minneapolis hosts their 20th Black Frost run.
1997, Feb.: Mylez Edward and Dauphine Sowell are named Mr. and Ms Olympus Leather at the contest in New Orleans.
1997, Feb.: Mark Frazier The Pantheon of Leather Awards are held in New Orleans, winners are: Man and Woman of the Year to Mark Frazier and pat baillie; Reader's Choice Awards to Jack Stice and David WW Walker (tie) and to Sarah Humble; Lifetime Achievement to Frank Puckett; Publisher's award to Jay Allen and Gary Chichester; Forebearer Award to Tony DeBlase; Club of the Year to Sandia Leather; Non Profit Organization of the Year to the Leather Archives & Museum; Club event of the Year 25th Anniv of The Eulenspiegel Society; Business of the Year to Leather Rack, DC; Business Person of the Year to Audrey Joseph; International Award to George Cameron. Regional Awards: Southeast to Darryl Flick; Rocky Mountain to Daniel Sonnenfeld; Midwest to Cara Hanes; Northeast to Michael Horowitz; Mid-Atlantic to Suzette Danick and Joe Morris; Canadian Regional to Trevor Jacques. The Local Community Service award to Wes Randall.
1997, April 7: Death of Jack Stice, International Master 1995. and leather activist in Atlanta, the southeast, and the nation.
1997, April 19: The first annual Leather Leadership Conference is held in New York City.
1997, May: The Internet SM group Datenschlag and the AG SM& Oeffen-tlichkeit produce the first map of heterosexual SM groups in Germany. At this time there are 53 known groups in 45 cities.
1997, May: Cannes David Cronenberg's film Crash is awarded a Special Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival "for originality, daring and audacity". Based upon J. G. Ballard's 1973 novel the film centers on a group of people who are erotically attracted to car crashes.
1997, May: Gene Harrawood from Bloomington IL is named Mr. Bear Pride 1997 in Chicago.
1997, May 12: The Internet newsgroup soc.subculture.bondage-bdsm is formed.
1997, May: Details magazine's "1997 College Sex Survey" reports that 27% of the college men they asked had done bondage with a partner, 23% more had fantasized about it. 26% of the women had done bondage with a partner and 25% more had fantasized about it. This is more than 50% of all college students who have at least fantasized about bondage! The same questions about SM got identical percentages from men and women 6% had done it, 11% more had fantasized
1997, May 23 -26: The International Mr. Leather Contest in Chicago names Kevin Cwayna as IML 1997.
1997, May 25: Driller is named as International Boot Black during the IML contest in Chicago.
1997, June: The American film parody, Preaching to the Perverted, opens in the USA.
1997, June: Mid America Conference names Rob Ridinger of Trident Windy City to the newly created post of MAC Historian.
1997, June: German art publisher Taschen publishes a three volume boxed set of the complete run of Bob Mizer's Physique Pictorial. (Note: this is a complete run of issues still extant, there are no surviving copies of a few.}
1997, June 4: Shame on themAmerican Airlines A full page ad is place in several American newspapers by the Family Research Council, Concerned Women for America, American Family Association, Southern Baptist Convention, Focus on the Family and Coral Ridge Ministries, condemning American Airlines for pro-homosexual business practices such as fair treatment of its gay and lesbian employees and its sponsorship of national and community based gay and AIDS service organizations.
1997, June 28: Master Roger and slave bill are named International Master and Slave 1997 at the contest in Denver, CO.
1997, July 4: The Eulenspiegel Society's Equestrian Club is founded.
1997, 4th of July weekend: Kyle Brandon, International Mr. Drummer 1996-97 hosts A Gathering of Eagles at a private estate in Philadelphia. An all expense paid party for the country's "Leather A List" served as the setting at which $1000 checks were passed out to seven worthy recipients from around the country. The Leather Archives and Museum was one of the recipients.
1997, July 26: Joseph W. Bean arrives in Chicago to become the first Executive Director of The Leather Archives & Museum.
1997, Aug 16-17: The Orange County Leather Assembly hosts its fourth annual "Meet a Master" Weekend, this year featuring Guy Baldwin, M.S.
1997, Sept.: Atons of Minneapolis celebrate their 25th Anniversary.
1997, Sept. 4 - 10: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 26 in Douglas Michigan. Mel Austin receives the Caligula award and Tom Pscheit the J. Paul Eaton award.
1997, Sept.: Leather Pride week in San Francisco.
1997, Sept. 25 -29: Jeffery Adler of Miami FL is named International Mr. Drummer and also receives the "Golden Whip Award" (bestowed by the constants) the first time any man has received both of these titles. dan hughes is named International Drummerboy.
1997, Oct. 3-5: Leather University's Dungeon 201, again brings instructors from all over North America to offer both basic and advanced courses to leather men and women in Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
1997, Oct.: Living in Leather XII is held in Portland. Under bylaws revisions Mark Frasier becomes President and Jan Hall becomes vice president and president elect.
1997, Oct. 17-19: Tom of Finland The Tom of Finland Foundation's Erotic Art Fair, featuring hundreds of pieces of erotic are in all media by numerous artists from around the world. Los Angeles, CA.
1997, Oct. 24 - Nov. 2: Amsterdam Leather Pride Celebration.
1997, Oct. 27: The first version of Time Line of Sadomasochism is created by the Internet group Datenschlag in Germany. (Selected items indicated by "" are included in the current Leather History Timeline.)
1997, Oct. 31: Mr. Drummer Europe contest.
1997, Nov.: Formation of The Red Chair, a pansexual group created to promote Safe Sane and Consensual BDSM in north central Alabama.
1997, Nov. 8: Mr. International Rubber 1998, Christoff Lehner, selected at a contest at the Cellblock in Chicago.
1997, Nov. 9: Mr. World Rubber 1998, Ketith Waltrip, selected at a contest at Man's Country and sponsored by International Mr. Leather.
1997, Nov. 14: Mr. International Rubber 1999, Thomas Smith, selected at a contest at the Cellblock in Chicago.
1997, Nov. 14 - 16: Black Rose X, the tenth anniversary celebration of Black Rose is held in Washington DC.
1997, Dec.: Sundowner The US Supreme Court hears Joseph Oncale's sexual harassment case against Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc. Oncale was harassed by his supervisor and other workers on an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico. Lower courts had ruled that sexual harassment laws required the predators and victim to be of different genders. In 1998 the Supreme Court rules in Oncale's favor, extending sexual harassment law to same sex encounters.
1997, Dec. 25: Death of erotic artist Olaf Odegaard (born Dec 15, 1938)
1997, Dec. 27: Newsweek includes an article entitled "Lick Me, Flog Me, Buy Me!" on the mainstreaming of SM.

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1998
Time Event
1998: Pacific State Universtiy Two professors at Pacific University in Forest Grove, Oregon, receive a $5000. grant from the state organ of the National Endowment for the Humanities to study "Mainstreaming and Identity Definition within a Sadomasochistic Subculture."
1998: Martin Hall is named American Leatherman, Mercea is named American Leatherwoman, and Terry Sapp is named American Leatherboy.
1998: The World's first gay rights organization, The Scientific Humanitarian Committee, founded by Magnus Hirschfeld in 1987 and disbanded under Nazi pressure in 1933, is re-launched as an association of autonomous regional groups.
1998: Publication of
LA&M serving the fetish worldConfessions of a Naked Piano Player by Torsten Barring
LA&M serving the fetish worldJuice, Electricity for Pleasure and Pain, by Uncle Abdul
LA&M serving the fetish worldCompletely Queer, The Gay and Lesbian Encyclopedia by Steve Hogan and Lee Hudson
LA&M serving the fetish worldCzar, a novel of Ivan the Terrible by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldA Contagious Evil, The Mind of a Serial Killer by Larry Townsend
LA&M serving the fetish worldLeatherwomen III: The Clash of the Cultures Edited by Laura Antoniou
LA&M serving the fetish worldThe Catalyst by Laura Antoniou
1998, Jan. 8: Avatar of Los Angeles, one of the continent's oldest SM clubs, celebrates their 15th anniversary.
1998, Jan 12: NLA: New Orleans Officially accepted as the newest chapter of NLA: International.
1998, Jan. 15-19: Leather Weekend & Mr. Mid-Atlantic Leather contest in Washington DC, sponsored by Centaur M.C. Tony Mills of Miami Beach FL is named Mr, Mid-Atlantic Leather 1998.
1998, Feb. 13-15: Pantheon Of Leather Awards VII in New Orleans. Man and Woman of the Year: Joseph Bean and Jill Carter; Lifetime Achievement: Vern Stewart; Reader's Choice Tom Stice and Jill Carter; Forbearer: Chuck Renslow; Club: Black Rose; Non Profit Organization: David Weinbaun Foundation; Club event: Black Rose X; Business: Play House Studios and Gallery; Business person: Philip Turner; International Award: Jacques Happe of Amsterdam; Couple of the year (first year for this award): Jill Carter, Viola Johnson and Queen Cougar. Regional Awards: Southeast: Tom Stice; South Central: Michelle Buckle; Rock Mountain: Leslie Anderson; Northwest: Spencer Bergstedt; Western: Peter Fiske; Midwest: R. J. Chaffin; Northeast: Susan Wright; Mid-Atlantic: Jack McGeorge; Canadian George Cameron and Jay Wagoner. Local Community Service Award: Billy Lane. Publisher's Awards: Lance Brittain, Shelley Hagan and Kay Hallanger, and the San Francisco Eagle.
1998, Feb. 14: Golden Gate Guards The Interclub Fund holds the 32nd Annual Motorcycle Awards in San Francisco. The Golden Gate Guards and its members walk away with 22 honors, the Constantines received four awards and the California Eagles MC won three. A lifetime achievement honor is bestowed upon James Connor of the old Warlocks MC. The Community Service Award goes to Marcus Hernandez.
1998, Feb. 15: Charles Garrett from Orlando and Katherine from Norcrss GA are sashed as Mr. and Ms Olympus Leather during the Pantheon of Leather Weekend in New Orleans.
1998, Feb. 24: Off Center, a web-based radio talk show on leather /SM/fetish and related communities debuts with host Race Bannon interviewing Joseph Bean, Executive Director of the Leather Archives & Museum.
1998, Mar.: The Leather Journal, issue # 96, appears as a tabloid newspaper, changing from it's previous magazine image. Commencing with this issue it will have free distribution in leather bars and other businesses but will still be available by subscription.
1998, Mar. 12: An exhibit, "Queer & Kinky Danger: Artists Relating to Leather/SM/Kink" opens at the Gay & Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California" in San Francisco. It runs through May.
1998, April 7: George Michael George Michael, British singer noted for songs such as "I Want Your Sex" and "Freedom," is arrested for performing a "lewd act" in Will Rogers Memorial Park in Beverly Hills. Four days later he appears on CNN to come out as gay and say that he is currently in a relationship with a man.
1998, April 17 - 19: Leather Leadership Conference II is held in New York City.
1998, April 18: Black Rose of the Washington DC area Publishes The Black Rose Guide to Hosting a Leather Event in time to be available at the Leather Leadership Conference II.
1998, April 21: The National Coalition for Sexual Freedom sponsors the first Leather Lobby Day, meeting with a number of Congress members' Legislative Assistants to discuss discrimination and hate crimes involving sexual-minority practices.
1998, April 24 - 26: American Brotherhood Weekend is held in Washington DC. American Leatherman '98 is Martin Hall from Rhode Island, American Leatherwoman '98 is Mercea from Chicago and American Leatherboy '98 is Terry Sapp from Baltimore.
1998, April 26: Death at age 90 of Dominique Aury, who as Pauline Reage, authored The Story of O.
1998, April 17-20: Indulgence '98, a new men only SM event, modeled after the Inferno, Delta and Boot Camp events, is held in Ft. Lauderdale FL, sponsored by the Ft. Lauderdale Leather Guild, Inc.
1998, May 23: The Mr. Ebony in Leather Contest is held at the Leatherneck bar in Chicago. Andre Macial is named the winner.
1998, May 23: Annual Meeting of the Leather Archives and Museum membership is held in Chicago. The person occupying the post of executive director of LA&M is made an ex officio member of the LA&M board of directors and Joseph Bean moves from his elected seat on the board to this new one. Chuck Renslow and Tony DeBlase are reelected to the board and Phil "Fluffy" Swenson is elected to fill the open seat. Hilton Flax is elected to fill the remaining portion of the three year term to which Joseph Bean had been elected.
1998, May 24: Billy Lane The 20th International Mr. Leather Contest held at the Congress Theatre in Chicago. Tony Mills, Mr. Mid-Atlantic Leather becomes the 20th man to hold the IML title. A record 55 men compete, including Billy Lane, Mr. Seattle Leather, the first FtM transsexual to compete (he placed 10th).
1998, May 24: The first public performance of One Common Heartbeat is presented by composer Gary Aldrich, backed by soloists Joe Ricci and Kevin Tyrrell and the Chicago Gay Men's Chorus during the International Mr. Leather show in Chicago. The Leather Anthem had been written by Aldrich at the request of Chuck Renslow, executive producer of International Mr. Leather.
1998, May 24: The first public presentation of the video documentary In God we Trust, In Leather we Lust is shown at the International Mr. Leather contest in Chicago. The video was created by Yves J. Menou and Cyrl Zajac of The Underground Fire Tribe.
1998, May 24: The International Bootblack Competition is held during the International Mr. Leather weekend in Chicago. Matthew Duncan who boot blacks at the DC Eagle and is sponsored by Centaur MC wins.
1998, June 5: Leather Leadership Death, in New York City, of Leonard Dworkin, a longtime activist in the leather/SM community. He was a founder of NY SM Activists; one of the motive forces behind the Leather Leadership Conferences, Creator of the NLA Friends on line and many others of similar interest, a long time board member of The Eulenspiegel Society and editor of that organization's publication, Prometheus.
1998, June 11: Selection of the cover man for the 1999 South of Market Bare Chest Calendar. This year, sponsored for the first time, by Miller Brewing Company
1998, June 12: The first issue of Young Deviants, A newsletter aiming to broaden the Horizons of the inexperienced is published online by MMingle16@aol.com. The quarterly electronic newsletter is intended to provide basic safety and other information for young people interested in leather and SM.
1998, June 12 - 14: The third annual Southeast Leatherfest is held in Atlanta, GA
1998, July 9: Handing a resounding victory to the Defendants and a huge rebuke to the Plaintiff in the Scanlon v. Gay Male S/M Activists lawsuit, New York City District Court Judge Constance Baker Motley issues a decision dismissing all claims against the three individual GMSMA board members named in the suit and most of the claims against GMSMA, and only awarded Scanlon $500 - the absolute bare minimum possible - each for two incidents of copyright infringement.
1998, July 14: Chicagoland Discussion Group, a long running pansexual leather/SM organization holds its last meeting.
1998, July 17 - 19: Megan DeJarlais of Philadelphia is selected International Ms Leather 1998 at the contest in Atlanta.
1998, July 31 - Aug. 2: Thunder in the Mountains, a pansexual SM conference featuring a large roster of well known presenters from all over North America is held in Denver. The nightly Play parties are great fun too. The Leather Archives and Museum's Traveling exhibit makes its first appearance.
1989, Aug 9: "Kink, A Women's Perspective" opens at the Leather Archives and Museum in Chicago. This first special exhibit in the Museum's gallery space features contributions of women to the art and literature of kink. The exhibit runs through Sept. 30.
1998, Aug. 20: ACLU The Lesbian and Gay Rights Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union hosts a symposium entitled Leather and the Law in Los Angeles.
1998, Aug. 21 - 23: Ohio Leather Coalition holds the First Annual LeatherFest, Cleveland.
1998, Sept. 4 - 7: Satyr MC hold their 37th Run to Badger Flats.
1998, Sept. 10 - 17: Chicago Hellfire Club hosts Inferno 27 in Douglas Michigan. Michael Blackburn receives the Caligula award and J. Weichert the J. Paul Eaton award.
1998, Sept. 26: The Mr. Drummer finals is held in San Francisco. Herve Bernard from Paris, France, Mr. Europe Drummer, is elected as the 20th International Mr. Drummer. Ryan Goldner, Mid-Atlantic Drummerboy from Philadelphia is selected as Drummerboy of the year.
1998, Sept. 30: The Leather Archives and Museum in Chicago hosts a party to mark the closing of it's first special exhibit, and of its exhibition space, which will be converted to work space to facilitate handling its ever increasing collection of leather memorabilia. Traveling exhibits will represent the LA&M at events around the country and the former exhibition space in Chicago will be used for cataloging, conservation and research of the collection.
1998, Oct. 2-4: Leather University's Dungeon 301 is held in Ft. Lauderdale FL. This series continues with even more female and bi and heterosexual participation.
1998, Oct. 6: Matthew Shepard In Laramie Wyoming, Matthew Shepard, a 21 year old gay man, and a student at the University of Wyoming, is lured from a bar by two men, viciously beaten, burned and left tied to a fence in freezing weather. He dies a few days later. The incident focuses national attention on Gay bashing and on hate crimes legislation.
1998, Oct. 9 - 11: The National Leather Association: International holds Living in Leather XIII in Dallas Texas. Jan Hall becomes President and Spencer Bergsted, Vice President and President Elect.
1998, Oct. 16: A Maryland court voids a decades old law criminalizing same-partner oral sex. The law, which dated back to 1916, made it a felony for lesbians and gay men to engage in oral sex and attached penalties of up to $1000 or 10 years in prison.
1998, Oct. 16 - 18: Black Rose of Washington DC holds BR '98. BR10, celebrating the club's 10th anniversary last year was such a success it will become an annual event!
1998, Oct. 28 - Nov. 2: Rubber Ball fetish party in London attracts over 3500 guests from around the world.
1998, Oct. 28: World premier of Razorblade Smile, at Prince Charles Cinema in London. The film is Jake West's homage to fetish vampires
1998, Nov. 14: Mr. International Rubber 1999, Thomas Smith, selected at a contest at the Cellblock in Chicago. This was the first year for a single title to represent the rubber fetish. Previously, there had been two different contest held, Mr. International Rubber and Mr. World Rubber.
1998, Nov. 23: Laws The Georgia Supreme Court, in a 6 to 1 decision, rules that the Georgia Sodomy Law is unconstitutional on the grounds of the "right of privacy". This is the same law that was upheld by the US Supreme court in June 1986!
1998, Nov. 26: Former President of Zimbabwe, Canaan Banana, is convicted of sodomy and sexual assault against 11 male aides. He claims that charges against him are fabricated by supporters of vehemently anti-gay Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe.
1998, Nov. 29: Norbert Lindner, the mayor of Quellendorf, Germany, is removed from office via voter referendum because of his plans to undergo gender reassignment surgery.
1998, Dec.: The legislature of the Australian state of Tasmania votes to ban discrimination based upon sexual orientation, along with 19 other grounds, including pregnancy and breast feeding.
1998, Dec.: In India the Supreme Court orders the government to provide bodyguards to the two female leads and the director of the film Fire, a lesbian themed work that has inflamed the zealots from the right-wing Shiv Sena part. More than a dozen cinemas across the nation have been ransacked, and all those involved in the making of the film have been threatened. "This film poisons our women. It makes them curious about something immoral." said a Shiv Sena spokeswoman.
1998, Dec. 1: Columbia Two gay men "marry" each other at Notary Office Number 46 in Bogota Colombia, the same place where heterosexual marriages take place. Luis Antonio Arias Bolivar and Isauro Rincon Angarita sign a joint-ownership-of-property contract stating that they are gay, love each other and desire economic union. The document was created by gay lawyer and activist German Humberto Rincon. The two men, wearing black and beige tuxedos respectively, watch as Notary Judge Rosa Falla Laiseca reads the document. Then they sign it, as do the numerous guests/witnesses. When the Judge signs it becomes official, Photos are taken and all leave for the reception.
1998, Dec. 9: The National Assembly of France passes a partnership registration measure that grants unmarried couples spousal rights in areas such as inheritance, housing, taxation, workplace benefits, social security and social welfare programs.
1998, Dec. 11: Police raid the gay bar, Tare, in Mexicali, Mexico, beating and jailing 14 patrons.
1998, Dec. 15: Mark TewksburyIn Canada, Mark Tewksbury, who won three Olympic swimming medals and set seven world records, comes out as gay. He had recently lost a six figure contract as a motivational speaker because he was "too openly gay." So he decided he needed to open the closet door all the way. Tewksbury became a prominent advocate for gay rights and gay causes in Canada and the world. On May 16, 2003, Tewksbury joined the board of directors for the 2006 World Outgames in Montreal and was named co-president.
1998, Dec. 16: The Supreme Court of the province of British Colombia rules that the school board of the Vancouver suburb of Surrey erred in banning books about gay relationships from kindergarten and first-grade classrooms.

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1999
Time Event
1999: MOD The Men Of Discipline: DC formally displayed and presented the original Leather pride flag during the 1999 Capitol Pride Festival in Washington, DC and at the Baltimore Gay Pride Parade to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the flag.
1999, Jan.: Members of the former NLA: Portland chapter continue to meet and, after last month's rescinding of their NLA chapter charter, rename their group Portland Leather Alliance.
1999, Jan.: Beyond the Edge Cafe, Seattle's premier gathering site for the kinky community, closes its doors.
1999, Jan. 15-17: Portland Uniform Weekend VII and included two dinners, a chance to attend the infamous Clippers party, special bar nights and buffet brunches, a tour of a historic Air Park, and a Military Collector's Show.
1999, Jan.: Dean Ross of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada is selected as Mr. Mid-Atlantic Leather. The Centaur MC's Mid-Atlantic Leather Weekend this year, for the first time, includes a bootblack competition which is won by a very popular woman, Tracy.
1999, Jan. 7: BAD (Women Bound And Determined Women) held its first meeting in Albany, NY. BAD Women is open to women of all orientations and is designed for those interested in Leather/SM/Fetish.
1999, Feb. 12: Dumb Laws Louisiana's sodomy law is removed by a 3-0 ruling of the state court of appeals. In February, the state's Fourth Circuit Court of Appeal reversed the conviction of a man found guilty of having oral sex with a woman. That case has been appealed to the state Supreme Court.
1999, Feb. 6: The California Eagles MC celebrated their 15th anniversary party at Jelly's Cafe, in San Francisco, CA.
1999, Feb. 14: Lords of Leather Ball, Bal Masque XVI was held on Valentines Day.
1999, May: Kevin Shancady, a well-known and respected Leatherman from Denver, CO was on the May 4 ballot seeking a non partisan position on the Denver City Council (District 10). Kevin did not win.
1999, May: Boudoir Noir, Canada's main Leather/SM/Fetish magazine was back in circulation. Founder Robert Dante of Toronto announced that a co-publication agreement with Bill Majors, video producer and president of Los Angeles-based Bon Vue Enterprises and B&D Pleasures had been reached.
1999, Apr. 9-11: Beat Me in St. Louis, a educational pansexual event for the entire BDSM community, it was produced by St. Louis Leather and Lace.
1999, Apr. 16-18: The National Leather Association: Houston chapter held Spring Iniquity VIII. The weekend featured cocktail parties, food, fun, people events, a Sunday brunch with an awards ceremony.
1999, Apr. 22: Alan Selby The Mayor of Folsom Street, Alan Selby, became a US citizen on Thursday, April 22 in San Francisco, CA and quite a to-do it was. Alan founded the Mr. S Leather store.
1999, Apr. 23-25: NOWAt the NOW Lesbian Summit in Washington DC, April 23-25 the S/M Policy Reform Project opened the dialogue on the anti-SM policy contained within NOW's (National Organization of Women) Delineation of Lesbian Rights Issues, 1980. The outreach was extremely successful, with the S/M Policy Reform Project gaining supporters on the local, state and regional levels of NOW.
1999, May: The first weekend in May a group of 40-45 members of the Leather/SM/Fetish community gathered in Dallas for a unique educational weekend produced by Dean Walradt named boys Training Camp.
1999, May. 15: Avatar Club Los Angeles held its annual Exploratorium at the LASFS Hall in North Hollywood.
1999, Jun. 3: The Ballet of the Dolls by the Atons of Minneapolis gave a special performance of Swan Lake...The Sequel for the Leather Community at the Loring Playhouse.
1999, Jun. 11-13: The Warriors Motorcycle Club of Los Angeles and CCMC of San Diego, CA hosted their 10th Annual Joint Run, Cowboys and Indians at Camp Wasewagon in the San Bernardino National Forest.
1999, Jun. 19: Leather Pride Night The 16th annual Leather Pride Night was held on Saturday, June 19. The auction raised $20,000 to be split among Empire State Pride Agenda, The Gender Identity Project at the Center, The National Coalition for Sexual Freedom and, for the 16th year, Heritage of Pride. Proceeds from the LPN raffle, a total of $2,500, will be donated to the Lesbian Herstory Archives.
1999, Jul. 2-4: The Tarheel Leather Club of Greensboro, NC hosted Stars and Stripes in Leather IX: Nine Lives at a private camp ground near Greensboro. The SECC (South East Conference of Clubs) hosted its quarterly meeting during the weekend.
1999, Jul. 9-11: The New York Renegades held their annual summer run at a rustic retreat in the Delaware Valley, PA.
1999, Jul. 24: The Chicago Hellfire Club's infamous SM University resumed classes at the Leatherneck bar in Chicago's Loop.
1999, Aug. 6-8: The Teddy Bear Leather Club of Virginia (TBLC) hosted Campout '99: A Greek and Roman festival in Richmond, VA.
1999, Aug. 20-22: The Rogues Leather/Levi Club of Roanoke, VA held Tournament II: Southern Nites Under the Star.
1999, Sep.: The Society of Janus celebrated its 25th anniversary with events designed to entertain and educate members and guests, with all proceeds being donated to community charities.
1999, Oct. 1-3: Knights d' Orleans celebrated their historic 25th Anniversary.
1999, Oct. 8-10: The Louisiana Power Exchange Association hosted Bayou Bash '99.
1999, Oct. 29: officers of the San Diego Police Department's Vice Unit entered the play party that Club X was holding and then issued citations to approximately six individuals. These six attendees were cited for lewd behavior and/or nudity in a public space. These citations were all classified as misdemeanors. The case became known as the San Diego Six.
1999, Nov. 10-14: The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) hosted Creating Change in Oakland, CA the weekend of November 10-14. There was a Leather Caucus for participants to discuss current SM activism and participation in the next year's Creating Change Conference. The New York S/M Activists sponsored a workshop titled Second Coming Out, with Randy Brown and Susan Wright.
1999, Dec.: TES Joseph Bean's Centurion Awards, designed to coincide with the grand opening of the Leather Archives and Museum's new building, were announced ahead of time. They were: Man of the Century Chuck Renslow, Woman of the Century Cynthia Slater; general honors to Pat Daley, Larry Townsend, Geoff Mains, Mack McKinnon, Pat Califia, The Eulenspiegel Society, Gay Male S/M Activists (GMS/MA), Chicago Hellfire Club, Tom of Finland and Tony DeBlase.
1999, Dec.: Lance Brittain and Andre English raised roughly $1,400 for the Leather Archives and Museum and Gay and Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California in November. They also raised $144 for the ICF (Inter Club Fund) through a beer bust. In addition, they received a large number of memorabilia for the GLHS and Leather Archives.
1999, Dec. 12: Three Washington, DC area clubs, SigMa, Defenders and Potomac MC, held their Fifth Annual Toy and Gift Drive on December 12 at the DC Eagle and collected 10 bicycles, eight tricycles and dozens of toys for children with HIV from GrandMa House and kids from families affected by AIDS. $1,515.26 in cash was collected with $1,000 given to Joseph House, a hospice for people with AIDS in Adams Morgan. The rest was split between GrandMa House and Building Futures.
1999, Jun. 20:GMSMA GMS/MA presented its third and most successful Folsom Street East Leather/SM/Fetish block party. The event attracted more than 12,000 men and women raised nearly $15,000 to benefit the New York City Gay and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project and the New York City Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center.

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2000
Time Event
2000: The Spike closes after 20 years in New York.
2000: Release of The Loving Dominant 2nd edition by John Warren
2000: International Ms. Leather (IMsL) Held its contest in Canada this year.
2000, Jan. 13-16: The Centaur Motorcycle Club of Washington, DC celebrated their 35th Anniversary, 25th Anniversary of Leather Cocktails and the 15th Anniversary of the Mr. Mid Atlantic Leather Contest.
2000, Jan. 16: The Roman Eagles became the newest Leather club in Europe when held their first meeting in Rome, Italy.
2000, Feb.: Mark Frazier announces the beginning of his SM Video Project. The documentary  film, eventually titled Out of the Darkness- The Reality of SM, premiered in February 2001.
2000, Feb. 1: Club XA jury in San Diego, CA unanimously acquitted Crickett Watkins, the first of The San Diego Six charged with committing a Lewd Act in Public. The city attorney of San Diego drops all charges against the remaining five plaintiffs in the Club X play party raid. The board of Club X San Diego accepted the recommendation by its LeatherFest executive staff that LeatherFest XI be postponed 2001. The new date would be Labor Day Weekend of 2001 and it was held in Palm Springs, CA.
2000, Feb. 17-20: The Leather Archives and Museum opened its doors on Friday, February 20 in cold Chicago weather. The dream of Leather Archives founder Chuck Renslow has finally been realized as over 200 Leatherfolk were in the Windy City for the ribbon cutting, the Centurion Awards and tours of what they helped raise over $200,000 to get started.
2000, Feb.: The 15 Association of San Francisco celebrated its 20th Anniversary on the last weekend of February. The club was recognized by San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown for its long history of community service.
2000, Mar.: Menamore held Lion's Pride XI. The special guest was To Love, To Obey, To Serve and Damphir author Viola Johnson. Over $5,000 was raised for the Leather Archives and Museum.
2000, Mar.: The New York Eagle closed its doors in the Meat Packing District after 30 years..
2000, Mar: Mystic Rose Books releases The Academy: Tales of the Marketplace (The Marketplace Series, 4) Laura Antoniou (Author), Cecilia Tan (Author), Michael Hernandez (Author), David Stein (Author), M. Christian (Author), Karen Taylor (Editor)
2000, Mar.: KC Pioneers The Kansas City Pioneers celebrated their 25th Anniversary with their Silverado 2000 run at the Downtown Marriott Hotel in Kansas City, MO. As part of the weekend, the first Conference of Conference took place with member clubs of the Mid-America Conference of Clubs, American Motorcycle Conference of Clubs, Texas Conference of Clubs, Southeast Conference of Clubs and the Houston Conference of Clubs. Also, Northwind held Rubbout X in Vancouver, Canada This has become one of the major stops for rubber/latex players each year. The Shipmates held their 26th Anniversary.
2000, Mar. 11: The members of Spearhead in Toronto, Canada celebrated their 30th Anniversary at the Royal Canadian Curling Club founded in 1970, Spearhead is the oldest Leather/Denim affiliation in Canada.
2000, Mar. 31-Apr. 2 The fourth Leather Leadership Conference is held in Washington, D.C.
2000, May. 13:

Representatives from 31 groups and organizations gathered at the Leather Archives and Museum in Chicago for Illinois Leather Summit 2000, a one-day conference that focused on legal issues of concern to the Leather community, specifically concentrating on Illinois laws. The Summit was the result of months of work by kink-friendly attorneys, legal consultants and dedicated volunteers who spent endless hours researching Illinois state, county and municipal statutes.

2000, May, IML:Mike Taylor, Mr. Heartland Leather 2000, is named IML 2000.  First runner-up is Scott Bloom, Mr. Pistons Leather, sponsored by Pistons LLC, Long Beach, California. Second runner up is Bob “ Puppy “ Pedder, Mr. Boston Leather 2000, sponsored by CRC Associates, Boston.
2000, Jul. 8:

Attleboro, Massachusetts PoliceTwo police officers in Attleboro, Massachusetts, break into a  warehouse looking for stolen guitars, interrupting a private play party. The resulting arrests and publicity quickly become known as the "Paddleboro case," one of the recent court cases involving SM. They seized partygoers’ Palm Pilots, which contained personal contact information. One of the arrestees was charged with “possession of an item of self-abuse”—the sort of thing that you apparently know when you see it—and another was charged with “possession of a dangerous weapon,” which turned out to be a large kitchen spoon.

2000, Jul. 21-23: Atons of Minneapolis host Gopher XIV, The Legend of Paul Bunyan.
2000, Jul. 21: Tony DeBlase, creator of the Leather Pride Flag, past publisher of Drummer Magazine, founder of the Leather Archives & Museum, author and Leather community activist, died peacefully in Portland, Oregon, on July 21 after an extended illness, largely involving liver failure. (Birthdate: April 3, 1942)
2000, Aug.: Motor Sport Amsterdam celebrated its 30th Anniversary by hosting the ECMC and Leatherfolk from all over the world during the first weekend of August. And The Rochester Rams celebrated 25th anniversary with a summer run at a campground near Seneca Lake.
2000, Sep. 3: The Southeast Men of ONYX, a newly formed extension of ONYX from Chicago, presented a Leather/SM/BD 101 seminar as part of the Black Gay Pride celebration in Atlanta, GA.
2000, Sep. 29-Oct. 1: The first Great Lakes Leather Conference is held in Louisville, Kentucky.
2000, Oct: Mystic Rose Books releases The Marketplace (The Marketplace Series, 1) by Laura Antoniou writing as Sara Adamson
2000, Oct. 13-15: The Tom of Finland Foundation hosts its sixth Erotic Art Weekend in Los Angeles.
2000, Nov.: NGLTF The Leather Archives and Museum, National Coalition For Sexual Freedom (NCSF) and The Leather Leadership Conference (LLC) hosted a reception and weekend outreach effort at the 13th annual NGLTF Creating Change at the Westin Peachtree Plaza in downtown Atlanta, GA. This was the first time such a collective of SM/Leather/Fetish national organizations were represented at the world's largest GLBT conference. 750 Leatherfolk made a highly-visible presence.
2000, Nov. 10-11: GMS/MA (Gay Male S/M Activists) of New York, NY has been around 20 full years. The club with over 500 members worldwide celebrated its 20th Anniversary during its Leatherfest.
2000, Nov. 17: Christopher Posler has been hired as assistant director of the Leather Archives and Museum.
2000, Nov. 27: Cuff Comples Scott Rodriguez, co-owner of The Cuff Complex died on November 27. Scott was a Seattle Men in Leather member, the founder and president of the Washington State Mr. Leather Organization and was named the 1999 GSBA Business Man of the Year. Scott served as a judge for the International Mr. Drummer Contest, American Brotherhood Contest and numerous local and regional contests. He was recipient of the Pantheon of Leather Business Person of the Year Award in 1994 and Northwest Regional Award in 1997. He served on the boards of Generic Leather Productions (GLP), and NLA, Seattle Chapter.
2000, Dec. 12: NLA Florida presents a proposed pledge of allegiance to the Leather Pride flag at its holiday party in Fort Lauderdale. The pledge reads: “ I pledge allegiance to the Leather Pride flag, and the union of Leather people for which it stands, with safety, sanity and consent for all .”

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2001
Time Event
2001: Boudoir Noir ceases publication after eight years.
2001: Celebrating 10 Years:ABW American Brotherhood Weekend, ABLE Productions, Washington, DC; Defenders: Denver LLC, Denver, CO; Edge Bar, San Francisco, CA; Key West Wreckers, Key West, FL; Leather Archives and Museum, Chicago, IL; Leather Walk by AIDS Emergency Fund, San Francisco, CA; Mr. and Ms Alameda County Leather Contest by Alameda County Leather Corps, Hayward, CA; Rubbout X by Northwind, Vancouver, Canada' Texas Leather Pride X by NLA: Austin, Austin, TX; Uniform Leather Ball by Phoenix Uniform Club, San Francisco, CA.
2001: Celebrating 15 Years: Golden Gate Guards, San Francisco, CA; International Ms Leather Contest, Omaha, NE; Utica Tri's Motorcycle Club, Utica, NY.
2001: Celebrating 20 Years:Cuffs bar, Los Angeles, CA; Defenders NY, New York, NY; Lesbian Sex Mafia (LSM), New York, NY; North West Rainbow Alliance of the Deaf, Seattle, WA.
2001: Celebrating 30 Years: DC Eagle, Washington, DC; The Eulenspiegel Society (TES), New York, NY; Tribe, Detroit, MI; Unicorn Motorcycle Club, Cleveland, OH; 25th Anniversaries.
2001, Jan.: After a storied history of 27 years, the SFGDI Club voted to disband in January. A huge crowd turned up at the Eagle on January 20th to wish them well.
2001, Jan: Mystic Rose Books releases The Slave (The Marketplace Series, 2) by Laura Antoniou writing as Sara Adamson
2001, Feb. 13: Out of The Darkness - The Reality of SM, a video containing interviews with leading psychotherapists, PHDs, MDs, CSWs and activists who share information and studies in an effort to distinguish SM from abuse debuted in Dallas, TX. The video was created and produced by Mark Frazier in conjunction with the National Leather Association: International.
2001, Feb. 17: San Francisco held the 35th Annual Motorcycle Awards presented by the Inter Club Fund at the California Club there was a three way tie for Man of the Year: Tom Galante of the GDI, Cam Solari and Philip Turner. Two special presentations were to Cam Solari, Lifetime Achievement Award, and Gary Kenyon, The Frank Benoit Award.
2001, Feb. 25: DC Eagle Richard A. "Dick" McHugh, a fixture in Washington's gay community and owner of the DC Eagle tavern on New York Avenue from 1987 to 2000, died of lymphoma at his home in Washington. Mr. McHugh used the bar for benefits that raised funds for a variety of charities, including Brother, Help Thyself and Food for Friends. McHugh helped many gay organizations get off the ground, including the Atlantic States Gay Rodeo Association. He also supported the Centaur Motorcycle Club, the DC Bear Club and the DC Boys of Leather.
2001, Mar. 2-4: SPLF Productions held its inaugural annual event, South Plains Leather Fest at the Radisson Hotel - Dallas in Dallas, TX which offer over 35 workshops and more than 20 vendors.
2001, Apr. 2: Death of the leather poet John Eric Larsen, creator of Songs to My Master.
2001, May:

Stefan Mueller, Bavarian Mr. Leather 2001, becomes IML 2001, the second German to hold this title.   The first runner-up is Darrell Moyers, Mr. DC Eagle 2001, and the second runner-up Houston Davenport, Mr. San Francisco Leather 2001, sponsored by the Powerhouse Bar and Stompers Boots.

2001, May:

Glenn Hughes, the Leatherman singer for the Village People passed away due to AIDs.

2001, Apr. 6-8: The fifth Leather Leadership Conference is held in Chicago.
2001, Jun.: Throughout the month of June, In The Life, a gay/lesbian news magazine broadcast its first report on SM/Leather/Fetish on PBS television stations across the country.
2001, Jun. 20: Brush Creek Media's publishing offices in San Francisco and The Bear Store, their retail operation were closed in late June by the Internal Revenue Service for nonpayment of certain taxes owed. Several days later Brush Creek was back open and operating.
2001, Jul. 1: Mystic Rose Books releases The Trainer (The Marketplace Series, 3) by Laura Antoniou writing as Sara Adamson
2001, Jul. 5-8: Living in Leather XVI is held in Chicago.
2001, Aug.: Aubry Hart Sparks A new Pride Foundation community based scholarship was established for students in the Pacific Northwest entering the fields of sex education, sex therapy, research or something that furthers the understanding of human sexuality, especially alternative sexuality. The scholarship will be named the Tony DeBlase Scholarship Foundation and was created by Aubrey Hart Sparks.
2001, Aug. 7: In Washington, DC on August 7, gearing up to expand its lobbying and education programs, The National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF) opened a Dupont Circle office in Washington, DC in August. AJ Altheimer, an NCSF staff member from Chicago, relocated to serve as NCSF's office manager.
2001, Aug. 10: The Hearts Foundation, a nonprofit organization in Chicago, IL that holds several fundraising events annually, donated $7,000 to Chicago's Leather Archives and Museum, the largest single donation ever made to the Museum. The huge donation was from proceeds raised at a first-ever IML (International Mr. Leather) -sanctioned tea dance produced by the Foundation.
2001, Aug. 24-26: The Leather Archives and Museum celebrated its 10th Anniversary with three days of parties with more than a sprinkling of Leather history-related events the weekend of August 24-26 in Chicago, IL.
2001, Sep.: Passing of Boy Jarret Christiansen. He was the founder of the Great Lakes Brotherhood of Boys and the fonder of the Boy Gatherings. Jarret was born June 8, 1970, and was an associate member of the DC Boys of Leather.
2001, Sep.: Only three days after the terrorists' attacks, San Francisco's Leather community rallied at Club Townsend to raise over $10,000 to contribute to the Red Cross and benefit those in New York and Washington, DC who were in need.
2001, Sep. 12: In Memoriam OsadaThe world of Japanese Rope Artists was saddened with the news of the passing of Osada Eikichi. Osada Sensei was one of the most famous Nawa Sensei's in Japan. He was born on March 15, 1925 in Tochigi Prefecture. He was the founder of the Osada Seminar, a private membership SM organization in Japan. He was well known as an architect of the Japanese SM scene, and is regarded as the founder of the SM/Rope Art show in Japan. Indeed he was recognized as the Grand Master of Rope Art in Japan.
2001, Oct. 20: Northbound Leather of Toronto, Canada sponsored North America's largest fetish party, Ultra. Thousands participated with a huge fashion show, play parties and more.
2001, Nov. 10: The new owners of the Eagle's Nest in New York City had their grand reopening at 554 West 28th Street in Manhattan. The Eagle features two large floors, both with bars and pool tables. The previous location was closed on March 5, 2000 after being operated as a Levi/Leather bar since 1970.
2001, Nov. 25: Old guard Leatherman Jim Babin died at the age of 83. He was a charter member of Delta International, as well as a member of Chicago Hellfire Club, The 15 Association, Houston's Brotherhood of Pain and several other BDSM groups. Jim was survived by his slaveboy caspian.
2001, Dec. 11: NCSF On December 11, the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF) and Barbara Nitke, an acclaimed New York City artist who operates her own web site, www.BarbaraNitke.com, filed a court challenge that aimed to overturn the last remaining Internet censorship provision of the flawed Communications Decency Act. In papers filed in Federal District Court in New York City, the NCSF and Nitke claimed that the CDAs remaining obscenity provision is so broad and vague that it violates free speech and inhibits the discussion of sexual issues on the Internet among adults.

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2002
Time Event
2002, Jan. 25-27 The book, Chainmale: 3SM--A Unique View of Leather Culture by Don Bastian was published. This fast-paced account of one man's experience with his own sexuality, and eventual involvement in a loving and successful threeway kink relationship, is uninhibited and honest. Flowing craftily between coming of age memories, thoughts, and philosophies, and personal scene-related experiences. Mr. Bastian's autobiographical tale of how his 3SM family came to be is engaging and intelligent. Hot yet informative, Chainmale is sure to be an instant classic!
2002, Jan. 25-27 CLAW CLAW (Cleveland Leather Annual Weekend), was a huge success with $5,000 being raised for the LGBT Service Center of Cleveland and the Leather Archives and Museum. Mr. Cleveland Leather Dennis McMahon hosted CLAW with the assistance of Mr. West Michigan Leather Robert Miller.
2002, Feb. 15-17 Pantheon of Leather is moved to Chicago from New Orleans due to security concerns and a conflict with the Super Bowl.
2002, Feb. 22 The bidding was fast and furious as The LA Boys of Leather held its first Boy/Boi Auction at Gauntlet II in Los Angeles, CA on February 22. $1,600 was raised for the Lupus Foundation and the LA Leather Coalition.
2002, Feb. 22-24 The 15 Association celebrated its 22nd Anniversary with a formal dinner at the Officers Club at Fort Mason and two hot dungeon parties the weekend of February 22-24 in San Francisco. Dave Rhodes and Peter Fiske presented the club the award they won for Small Event, Boot Camp XII, the weekend before at Pantheon of Leather in Chicago.
2002, Mar.: The Leather Archives and Museum entered a new era at the beginning of March when Rick Storer took over as executive director. Storer has lived in Chicago for 12 years and has worked as a volunteer for International Mr. Leather and the Leather Archives and Museum and was actively involved with Masters and Slaves Together.
2002, Apr. 7: Guy Baldwin Guy Baldwin delivers a powerful speech at the sixth Leather Leadership Conference in Manhattan Beach , California, rejecting the philosophy of inclusion and emphasizing Old Guard values and self-responsibility as guides to developing as a leatherperson. The speech causes widespread debate. "What strikes me most about those who question me closely about the Old Guard is how passionately they seem to be searching for something which they believe will somehow satisfy a deeply felt need....a longing for something they sense has been lost to us. When I question people closely about what this need is ... it almost always can be reduced to a few key words: sexiness, cohesion, intimacy, trust, reliability, integrity, accountability, and perhaps most importantly, a sense of family."
2002, Apr. 26: St. Louis Leather and Lace held Beat Me In St. Louis VI in St. Louis, MO the weekend of April 26-28 with noted Leatherman and author of The Master's Manual Jack Rinella author of The Loving Dominant John Warren topping the bill.
2002, May: Stephen Weber, Mr. Texas Leather 2002, , sponsored by the Dallas Eagle, becomes International Mr. Leather 2002. First runner-up is Borisz Mos, Mr. Leather Holland 2002, and second runner-up is Herb Kaylor, Mr. DC Eagle 2002.
2002, May 2: Tony Brown, one of the original Spanner defendants, passed away at 10:10 AM, 15 days before his 67th birthday. Brown, along with Colin Laskey (deceased) and Roland Jaggard, were three of the 12 men prosecuted in 1989 for adult consensual sadomasochist sex and whose case resulted in the infamous Spanner Judgement (Regina vs Brown et al) which changed British law such that many consenting acts of BDSM between adults in Britain are now deemed assault under British Law. Tony was an active member of the European ECMC movement and an officer of the Midlands MSC Leather Men's Club. Tony received a Centurion award from the Leather Archives, of which they were extremely proud.
2002, May 12: ONE Institute and Archives, the oldest gay organization in the United State threw a benefit party while celebrating its 50th Anniversary. ONE Institute and Archives, founded in 1952, has accumulated the largest known collection of gay historical materials.
2002, May 28: Stephen Scott was born May 5,1963 in Stamford, CT and died from a drug overdose in the morning of May 28, 2002 in Chicago. Stephen was the first Mr. South Plains Leather in 2001 and the first Mr. Sooner State Leather in 2000, was a Leatherman for over 12 years and served as male cochair of the National Leather Association (NLA) Oklahoma City chapter. Stephen was one of the founders of Tribal Fire. Stephen helped raise thousands of dollars for the Winds House-OKC, the Walt Whitman School-Dallas and the Leather Literary Project through various fundraising endeavors. Stephen was elected to the board of directors of the Leather Archives and Museum and served as director of Outreach and Development. He lived in Oklahoma City with his partner of six years Gregory Gray.
2002, May 31: JJ's Clubhouse A committee of 13 local men and Ms St. Louis Leather Pride 2002 organized a Leather 101 Weekend at JJ's Clubhouse and Bar in St. Louis the weekend of May 31 - June 2. The weekend offered classes geared for the curious, the beginner, and to re-energize the Master. The special guest was Leather Archives and Museum director Rick Storer.
2002, Jun. 6: The first pansexual Southern California Leather Gathering took place at Frank G. Bonelli Regional County Park in San Dimas and exposed the Inland Empire area to Leather, BDSM, Fetish, Motorcycle and Bear groups.
2002, Jun. 15: San Francisco Drummerboy 2001 Jack Garcia and Mr. Edge Leather 2002 Scott Brogan founded the San Francisco Boys of Leather. The formation meeting was at Daddy's.
2002, Jul. 19-21: Atons of Minneapolis celebrate 30 years of existence at Gopher XV, including a spectacular outdoor sunset ceremony with a ring of torches set to light the parade of colors and a large XXX symbol set afire.  The Mid America Conference of Clubs also met at this event.
2002, Jul. 27: Russ Cosgrove of Calgary, Alberta becomes the first woman living outside the United States to win the title of International Ms. Leather at the contest in Omaha, Nebraska.
2002, Aug. 3-11:

A proclamation is issued by Mayor Vera Katz of Portland, Oregon, designating this week as “ Leather Pride Week “ and recognizing the local leather community for its contribution to the city’s diversity  The move was immediately attacked by the Concerned Women of America.  Portland was the second city in the United States to issue such a proclamation, San Francisco having been first.

2002, Aug. 23-25:

MC Faucon celebrated their 25th Anniversary: Migration 2002 in Montreal, Canada. Also, The Rochester Rams held Rams Run XXVII: Truckstop at a private campground.

2002, Sep. 5-11:

Chicago Hellfire Club The Chicago Hellfire Club held Inferno XXXI in rural Western Michigan. The run was held in two sessions which were sold out with 225 men attending each. The following weekend Delta International held a similar men's BDSM run in rural Eastern Pennsylvania with around 300 attending. A good number of men attended Inferno and Delta.

2002, Sep. 13-15:

The Corn Haulers LL celebrated their 26th Anniversary with Corn Ball 2002 in scenic downtown Des Moines, IA. The theme was A Dr. Seuss Fantasy Weekend.... Would You? Could You?

2002, Oct.: Orange Coast Leather Assembly celebrates its tenth anniversary.
2002, Oct. 18-13: The Third Annual New York SM Film Festival took place October 8-13 and featured a program of films and videos that explored various aspects of sadomasochism, bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, role play and fetishes. Presented by TES, the festival also included demos, a brunch, a special fundraising gala and an SM play party.
2002, Oct. 11-13: VASM (Vancouver Activists in SM) celebrated their 20th Anniversary in Vancouver, British Columbia.
2002, Nov. 3: Touche' celebrated its 25th Anniversary in Chicago recently with a week of events. Highlights of the weekend included a Camaraderie and Cabaret party and show at the Leather Archives and Museum featuring the Men of Chicago Beef Dancers in the club room and Big Band music by Bopology.
2002, Nov. 8-10: Women at Amsterdam Leather Pride 2002 drew about 175 Leatherwomen to Amsterdam, NL.
2002, Dec.: The Chicago Leather Club (CLC) was formed in Chicago. CLC's primary goals were to support good causes for those less fortunate and to support the Leather community. Among the causes CLC supports are Toys for Tots, the Chicago Hellfire Club's McAdory fund and the Leather Archives and Museum.
2002, Dec. 9: Jonie Perrie International Ms Leather 2001 Joni Perrie was elected to the board of directors of the Leather Archives and Museum on December 9. Three members of the board were reelected. Melinda Chateauvert of Washington, DC, Lawrence Fox of Fort Lauderdale, FL and Robert Guenther of Baltimore, MD were elected to serve additional terms.
2002: The Leather Archives and Museum released a CD containing erotic art images and kinky history articles. The artwork contained on the CD became available to the Leather/Fetish/BDSM community to use on web sites, newsletters, event programs and other mediums.

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2003
Time Event
2003: LA&M Highlights: The Leather Archives and Museum received a check in the amount of $5,679.56 from the Leather Literary Project. The Second Annual CLAW (Cleveland Leather Annual Weekend) took place in Cleveland and was a huge success with over $15,000 raised for charity The primary beneficiaries were the LGBT Center in Cleveland and the Leather Archives and Museum. Pantheon of Leather Community Service Awards Show at the Leather Archives and Museum in Chicago, IL. Mr. Ebony Leather Contest Cain Berlinger producer presented Chuck Renslow of the Leather and Archives and Museum a check for $1,000 from funds raised during the Mr. Ebony Leather 2003 Contest held during IML in May. Mr. Drummer 2000 Daniel J. Rabone teamed up with Gay Coffees, to offer Grind, Wet and Enjoy, a fundraising campaign throughout North America to benefit the Leather Archives and Museum and the Gay Mens Domestic Violence Project. International Ms Leather 2003 Tammie Nelson and Midwest Ursine Indiana editor John Schmitt have started the Protect our Past and Future Fund.
2003: New on the Scene: Black Beat Black BEAT (Black Expressions, Alternative Tastes), Washington, DC; Black Gloves White Magic by Brough, Louisville, KY Calamus Communities, Phoenix, AZ; Cavaliers Motorcycle Club, New Orleans, LA; Community Forum on Asians and Leathersex, kinky GAM and the Pacific Islander Wellness Center, San Francisco, CA; Folsom Fair North Productions, Folsom Fair North, Toronto, Canada; Instigator Magazine, Los Angeles, CA; Las Vegas League of Gentlemen, Las Vegas, NV; Latin Leather Club, San Francisco, CA; Leather Girl Network, San Diego, CA; LeatherPost.com, Redwood City, CA; New York, New Jersey, Connecticut Jewish BDSM Match; Mama's Leatherman Contest, San Francisco, CA; Midwest Bound Magazine, Wichita, KS; Minnesota Storm Patrol, Minneapolis, MN; National Leather Association: Kentucky, Lexington, KY; Palm Springs boys of Leather, Palm Springs, CA; Together in Leather, North Carolina; Women's Educational Board (WEB), Central Texas; West Coast Pup and Trainer Contest, Los Angeles, CA
2003: The publisher of O, an adult fetish magazine lost a lawsuit that claimed that television star and self-improvement guru Oprah Winfrey's publication, also named O was tarnishing his trademark, a New York court ruled in February German publisher Brockmeyer's magazine have rarely appeared in the United States since 1995.
2003, Jan.: The Georgia Supreme Court struck down a 170 year-old law that made it a crime for unmarried people to have sex. The January ruling came in the case of a 16 year-old boy discovered having sex with his girlfriend in the bedroom of her home. The young woman's mother made the discovery. "Our opinion simply affirms that ... the government may not reach into the bedroom of a private residence and criminalize the private, noncommercial, consensual sexual acts of two persons legally capable of consenting to those acts, Chief Justice Norman Fletcher wrote.
2003, Jan. 27: Richard Chatterton, beloved member of the Leather tribe and respected leader of the San Diego community, died early in the morning at age 34.
2003, Feb. 8: Icon Detroit marks its tenth anniversary.
2003, Feb. 12: Rocky MountaineersJames "Jim" Kane died on Wednesday, February 12, 2003 from complications of strokes, at the age of 75. Jim was a founding member and officer of the Rocky Mountaineers Motorcycle Club. Following the reorganization of the Janus Society in San Francisco, Jim became a board member there, and also a regularly contributing faculty member for Janus educational programs. Cynthia Slater, the founder of the Janus Society, became Jim Kane's tenant in an apartment building he owned with his slave, Ike Barnes. Photos of Jim's basement dungeon appeared in a Drummer Magazine photo-essay called, Dungeons of San Francisco. Most of Jim's personal collection is now housed at the LA&M.
2003, Feb. 22: The Warriors Motorcycle Club celebrated their 34th Anniversary in North Hollywood
2003, Mar.: The spring meeting of the Mid America Conference of Clubs (MACC) is held at the Conductors run in Nashville, Tennessee.
2003, Mar: Mystic Rose Books releases The Reunion (The Marketplace Series, 5) by Laura Antoniou
2003, Mar. 13: American Leatherboy 2001, Bryan "Pup" Mullikin departed this life at his home in Chicago. He was 33 years old. Bryan died of an accidental drug overdose. He served as president of the DC Boys of Leather for two years.
2003, Mar. 22: The Sanctuary of the Dark Angel closes in Atlanta. Doug Harris hosted A final gathering of friends and family at the home at The Sanctuary Of The Dark Angel on Saturday, March 22. Attendees were asked to bring a brief statement or small memento of their time at the Sanctuary over the last 10 years which were acknowledged and placed inside a sealed repository for a future time.
2003, Apr.: The Lure, a bar which made a major positive impact on the Leather community in New York and nation wide, closed in early April. Much of the Lure's papers and some artifacts including the negative of the famous poster by Rex, and the "Lure Angels" which were also in the Mineshaft were donated to the LA&M
2003, Apr. 5: Minnesota Storm forms in the Twin Cities.
2003, Apr. 25-27:

The Trident International  holds its thirtieth anniversary celebration at the run hosted by Trident City of Angels in Los Angeles.  A meeting of the chapters house of delegates is also conducted.

2003, May. 25-27: John Pendal John Pendal, Mr. Hoist 2003, is named International Mr. Leather 2003, becoming the first Englishman to hold the title. The first runner-up is  Donald Dotson, Mr. Suncoast Eagle 2003, and  the second runner-up is Stephen Blackwell, Mr. Los Angeles Leather 2003. John donated his grand prize, a 25th Anniversary Harley Davidson motorcycle to the LA&M to raffel off to raise funds for the museum and the Spanner Trust. David Kloss, IML 1979 won the bike in 2006.
2003, Jun. 21: The Los Angeles Leather community gathered together and participated in Los Angeles gay and lesbian pride festivities the weekend of June 21-22. The LA Leather Coalition, with the help of the Christopher Street West committee, produced a successful Second Annual Erotic City Expo on Saturday and Sunday and nine Leather community units marched together in the pride parade on Sunday.
2003, Jun. 27-29: Phoenix Uniform Club San Francisco's Gay and Lesbian Pride Weekend drew over 500,000 to its two-day festival and Sunday parade the weekend of June 27-29. There was a big Leather visibility including the Leather Contingent which was the largest in the parade, the Phoenix Uniform Club's Leather Uniform Ball on Friday night, The 15 Association play party on Saturday night, the Dyke March which had Leather visibility on Saturday around dusk, Folsom Fringe hosted by smOdyssey in San Jose, the Fifth Annual Pride Brunch organized by Mr. San Francisco Leather 1996 Gary Virginia and Empress Donna Sachet and a Leather Alley section in the pride festival.
2003, Jul. 6: Susan Kaplan, 56, passed away. Kaplan was an active member of Congregation Or Chadash. Sue did volunteer work for over 10 years with Leather United, Dedicated and Safe, CDG, and organizations, including International Mr. Leather, for which she served as transportation co-coordinator for the last three years. A volunteer for the Chicagoland AIDS Walk in the early years, Sue was instrumental in galvanizing the Leather community's assistance for the event.
2003, Jul. 11: Leathermen Remi Collette and David Kloss , the first IML, are legally married at the Toronto City Hall under a new ruling that the Canadian government must allow same-sex weddings.
2003, Jul. 25-27: Trident Windy City holds its first run, Neptune 1: Pirates on the High Seas, in Chicago.
2003, Jul. 27: Death of Greg Ammell,  founding member of the Stallions and co-owner of Laws Leather in Cleveland.
2003, Aug. 10: Oregon Leather Pride Week ran from Friday, August 1 through Sunday, August 10 in Portland, OR and featured the Fourth Annual Leather, Feathers and Fur Fetish Ball, Uniform and Buzz Cuts Party, a concert by Mark Weigle and Maria Webster, Leather Family Barbecue, Leather and Lace Show and the Mr. and Ms Oregon State Leather Contest.
2003, Aug. 22-24: The weekend of August 22-24 was a special one at Saratoga Springs Resort in Lake County as 244 Leather/Levi men and women gathered together for Leather Levi Weekend III. Leather Levi Weekend was established to encourage those interested in any of the facets that make up the greater Leather community by proving them a weekend where they could sample a bit of everything, and to do so at their own pace in a safe and Leather-positive atmosphere.
2003, Sep. 26-28: Les Cuirassés de Québec celebrated its milestone 10th Anniversary.
2003, Nov. 1: The autumn meeting of the MACC is held at Gateway MC’s 30th anniversary run “ Show Me 30: It’s A Wonderful Life “ in St.Louis. Two new clubs, Minnesota Storm Patrol and the Chicago Leather Club, are admitted , bringing the total membership to 30
2003, Dec. 15: Veteran Texas leatherman Dean Walradt dies at the age of 52
2003, Dec.: Painfully ObviousWriter Robert Davolt's collection Painfully Obvious is published by Daedalus. In "Painfully Obvious," Davolt gathers 40 essays and runs the topical gamut from why leather matters to how to be a better citizen while still wearing cowhide. While Davolt's credentials are obvious (he turned the lights out at the legendary Drummer Magazine), it is his knowledge of history and literature outside the leather world that make this a better than average read. In fact, one of the best columns of the book is Davolt articulating his thoughts on the demise of Drummer, with thoughtfulness and nary a trace of bitterness. Tim Brough

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2004
Time Event
2004: Rocky Mountaineers of Denver turn 35
2004, Feb.: My Vicious Valentine featured Guy Baldwin at their pansexual weekend February 13-15 in Chicago, IL with the theme, We Can Do It.
2004, Feb.: The anthology Speaking For Our Lives is published by Haworth Press, containing works by Joseph Bean and John Eric Larsen as representatives of  leather rhetoric and poetry.
2004, Feb. 12: Alan Selby of Mr. S Leather celebrates his 75th birthday in San Francisco.
2004, Feb. 13-15: Pantheon of Leather XIV is held in Chicago.
2004, Feb. 14: Avatar Club Los Angeles celebrated its 21st Anniversary.
2004, Feb. 27: Bay State Marauders, a new Leather social club in Boston held their kickoff party at the Boston Ramrod.
2004, Mar. 13-14: The Saber Motorcycle Club, South Florida's oldest Levi/Leather club for men celebrated its 22nd Anniversary with a festive weekend.
2004, Mar. 14: The first annual "Blessing of the Bikes" is held in New Orleans, sponsored by the Metropolitan Community Church of Greater New Orleans and the Cavaliers Motorcycle Club.
2004, Mar. 20: Spearhead Spearhead Toronto celebrate its 34th Anniversary with a dinner at the Ramada Hotel and Suites. Also the Seattle Men in Leather presented its Man of the Year Award to Seattle Leather Daddy 2004 Jim Drew.
2004, Mar.: The Phoenix boys of Leather hosted their first Spring Break: Western boy Run in sunny Phoenix, AZ featuring pool parties, games, a sleep-over, demos, vendors and the Phoenix boys of Leather Taking it to the Edge workshop series.
2004, Apr. 2-4: Tribe MC hosts its 33rd Do-A Fool run in Detroit, themed as a parody on Grease. The same weekend, the eighth Leather Leadership Conference is held in New Orleans.
2004, Apr. 3: Spring meeting of the Mid America Conference of Clubs held in Detroit.
2004, Apr. 10: A Leather Day of Caring II is held.
2004, Apr. 16-18: The KC Pioneers presented Trails End XXIX: Under the Big Top was held at the Hyatt Regency Crown Center Hotel in Kansas City, MO. Demonstrations and workshops were presented by KC Leather University, featuring special guest Jack Rinella.
2004, Apr. 22-24: The Arizona Power Exchange (APEX) and Butchmann's Academy held their first all-female weekend in Phoenix, AZ.
2004, Apr. 29: The Leather Network conducted boys Training Camp VI in Dallas, TX at Inquisition Dallas. NLA: Dallas honored key note speaker and guest faculty member Judy Tallwing-McCarthy with 75 in attendance.
2004, Apr: The Cell Block, Chicago's popular leather bar, closes for repairs. Also, Bears LA celebrated its 10th Anniversary with a business casual dress Casino Night at a private residence in Alta Dena, CA.
2004, Apr. 30: CLAW (Cleveland Leather Annual Weekend) is held, including an International Leather Family Dinner.
2004, May 15: The Arizona Power Exchange (APEX) hosted Kink Karnival in Phoenix, AZ. Also, the Threshold Society based in Los Angeles, presented Breath Play: The Safe and Erotic Approach, A Hands-On Learning Experience by Ms Cynthia.
2004, May 22: Defenders LLCThe Washington, DC chapter of the Defenders Leather Levi Club held its second annual Leather Flea Market at Titan Bar in Washington, DC. Founded in 1991, The Defenders LLC is a fellowship of concerned Christians associated with Dignity/Washington and the leather/Levi community. The club is pledged to help gays and lesbians reconcile their spirituality with their sexual orientation under the motto, ''Deum cognoscere, hominem amare,'' or, ''To know God is to love man.'' The same weekend the Rochester Rams hosted their Can-Am Weekend which was limited to 60 for a weekend of debauchery, fun and games.
2004, May: International Mr. Leather 2004, Jason Hendrix was announced the winner. The LA&M raffled off John Pendal's prize from 2003, a 25th anniversary Harly Davidson Motorcycle. The monies raised benefited the LA&M and the Spanner Trust in the UK. That same weekend, Shibaricon held its pansexual annual exhibition and conference focusing on education and information exchange of rope bondage during Memorial Day weekend in Chicago, IL. Shibaricon was hosted by Fetish Diva Midori and was organized by Mortis and a team of bondage enthusiasts under his BDSM-Chicago organization.
2004, Jun.: The meeting of the Trident  International is held in Orlando, Florida, hosted by Trident Central Florida.
2004, Jun. 2: The Renegaydes of Augusta, GA held their first run at the Parliament House the weekend of June 2-4 and attracted several Leather/Levi clubs from across the South.
2004, Jun. 7: The final business meeting of LASH (Leather And Sister Hood) of San Diego after five years of existence.
2004, Jun. 20: GMSMAGay Male S/M Activists' hold the Eighth Annual Folsom Street East block party in New York City. An estimated 8,000 people celebrated the occasion of its new location on West 28th Street in Chelsea with dozens of community groups and vendors, as well as entertainment. The event raised tens of thousands of dollars for several different charities, including the New York City Gay and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project.
2004, Jun. 25: The Leather Network held Master's Retreat VII in Houston, TX the weekend of June 25-27 which was produced by Master Roy of Houston, an alumnus of five previous Retreats. Lynda Blakeslee, Ms Twisted, of Austin was the keynote speaker. Also, The Phoenix Uniform Club of San Francisco, CA held its 27th Annual Uniforms Leather Ball in the Green Room of the War Memorial Building.
2004, Jul 4.: The Los Angeles boys of Leather hosted Stars and Stripes II over Fourth of July weekend in Los Angeles. The Rocky Mountaineers Motorcycle Club of Colorado held their 30th Golden Fleece Run: Jason Returns to 69, July 2-5 that featured a visit from the Cycle Sluts.
2004, Jul. 9: Bears LA and the Southern California Bear Alliance hosted a great Bearquake 4-Ever at the Wilshire Grand Hotel in downtown Los Angeles the weekend of July 9-11 with about 250 attending most of the events.
2004, Jul. 24: The Bay Area Cigar Buddies held a benefit at the Eagle Tavern that raised $256 for the AIDS Emergency Fund in San Francisco. This was the club's first afternoon event, called the Saturday Afternoon Cigar Social.
2004, Jul. 25: The Rocky Mountaineer Motorcycle Club held their 19th Annual Cruise Against AIDS and raised $9,247 for the Colorado AIDS Project. There were 39 bikes on the ride.
2004, Jul. 30: The Journeymen of Syracuse, NY held Motorcycle and Leather Weekend at Hillside Campgrounds July 30 - August 1 with 50 attendees.
2004, Aug.: The autumn meeting of the Mid America Conference is held on a farm in rural Wisconsin.
2004, Aug. 5: The Pacific Coast MC held their annual Black Mountain pioneer style run in the mountains east of Los Angeles the weekend of August 5-8 with the usual club cocktail parties, events and the traditional Sunset Party at Cocktail Rocks.
2004, Aug.: NELA NELA (New England Leather Alliance) Fetish Fair Fleamarket moved from the Park Plaza hotel to the Sheraton Boston. Political fallout from a negative Boston Globe column, which criticized the Park Plaza for hosting the event last year, made one of the co-owners of that property, The Donald Saunders Company, inhospitable to NELA. However, the other part of the ownership and management of the Park Plaza Hotel, the national chain known as Starwood (which includes Sheraton and Westin), loved NELA, valued the business NELA generated and wanted the Flea to remain their client. They offered their premier convention property, the Sheraton Boston, as the new location for both the August and December Fleas.
2004, Aug. 19: The San Diego boys of Leather were the official hosts for the 2005 Western boy Run to be held August 19-21
2004, Aug. 20-22: The Black BEAT (Black Expressions Alternative Tastes) BDSM conference took place in Hanover, MD.
2004, Aug. 27-29: The Rochester Rams hosted Hell Weekend, their 29th Annual run in Rochester, NY.
2004, Aug.:
2004, Sep. 3: The Seattle Men in Leather hosted Equinox V: Back to Basics over Labor Day Weekend, September 3-6 at a camp on the slopes of Washington's picturesque Mt. Rainier about 90 minutes from Seattle.
2004, Sep. 10: The Corn Haulers LL Club of Des Moines, IA held Cornball 2004 the weekend of September 10-12 which featured all of the usual Levi/Leather club mischief.
2004, Sep.: The Chicago Hellfire Club's Inferno has two Sessions and the first always starts the Thursday after Labor Day at a private location in western Michigan. Possibly for the first time, there was no rain all week and the run sold out, meaning that approximately 350 men got to experience Inferno XXXIII. Also, Delta 2004, the run's 10th Anniversary, was held about an hour outside Philadelphia and was well attended.
2004, Sep. 24: smOdyssey smOdyssey hosted their Fifth Annual national conference in conjunction with the Folsom Street Fair, smOdyssey Unleashed: Folsom Fringe 04, the weekend of September 24-26 in San Jose, CA. Activities included two dungeon parties, more than 25 classes, luxury coaches to and from the Folsom Street Fair on Sunday and a wind down Sunday night social.
2004, Sep.: During Las Vegas Bike Fest in September, a yearly event held since 1995 drawing over 150,000 bikers to the City of Las Vegas, the Desert Brotherhood Motorcycle Club was chosen by the Travel Channel to be featured in an hour-long documentary about motorcycling. During the taping, interviews were conducted with the members, motorcycle rides were taken with the film crew, and cameras followed the members as they enjoyed and participated in the different events at Bike Fest throughout the five day event.
2004, Oct.: October started in Provincetown, MA with Mates Leather Weekend featuring a uniform ball, Leather market and swap meet, demonstrations by Winter Encampment, a Leather T Dance at The Boatslip, a First Mate Contest, Sunday cookout and Heavy Metal party to close the weekend that drew hundreds.
2004, Oct. 2: OCLA produced Draggin' A Title Around, a fundraiser for the Long Beach AIDS Food Bank and the Center of Orange County, at Pistons in Long Beach
2004, Oct.: Portland Uniform Weekend XII, sponsored by Andy Mangels and IN UNIFORM On-line, was held in Portland, OR and included two dinners, haircuts by the men of Clippers, bar and club nights, buffet brunches and a guided uniform shopping tour.
2004, Oct. 9: VASM celebrated their 22nd Anniversary in Vancouver, BC the weekend of October 9-10 with events including a men's only dungeon, the Anniversary dinner and a Sunday brunch.
2004, Oct. 15: Gateway MC hosted Show Me XXXI: Meet Me in St. Louis the weekend of October 15-17. The run weekend was a reminiscence of the 1904 World's Fair.
2004, Nov. 5-7: Black Rose hosted BR XVII, its annual pansexual extravaganza of programs and play, socializing and shopping in New Carrollton, MD. The entire event - programs, play, and vending was under one roof.
2004, Nov.: COMMAND MCCorps Of Men Making A Noticeable Difference Motorcycle Club (COMMAND) celebrated their 16th Anniversary in Baltimore, MD with events taking place at the Baltimore Eagle, Spike, Leon's, and the Phoenix. Also, The Santa Clara County Leather Association's yearly Leather community weekend, Leather Boot Camp Community Fair, was held in San Jose, CA. Events included a meet and greet at Renegades, a vendor fair, demos and classes at the Billy deFrank LGBT Center, a show/contest at the King of Clubs, and a Sunday morning brunch.
2004, Nov. 11: "It just gets better and better!" was a frequently heard statement in Palm Springs on the weekend of November 11-14 as Palm Springs Leather Pride Weekend hosted by the Palm Springs Leather Order of the Desert saw a quantum increase in registrations and attendance for a weekend of parties, dinners and the Mr. Palm Springs Leather Contest. That same weekend The Gateway City hosted the 17th Annual Creating Change Conference and HiBearNation. Creating Change was sponsored by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and annually gathers 2,500 activists and community leaders from all over the United States. HiBearNation is a the premier St. Louis Show Me Bears event that historically draws 500 bears and bear lovers.
2004, Nov. 20: Castaways MCThe Castaways MC celebrated their 25th Anniversary with a dinner celebration at South Woods of Cudahy in Milwaukee, WI, followed by a beer bust at the Harbor Room. Also, at the Most Holy Redeemer Community Room in the Castro, the Golden Gate Guards celebrated their 18th Anniversary and inducted their new officers. And A new Leather club, the Appalachian Leathermen of NJ based in New Jersey and will serve the New Jersey Leather community.
2004, Nov. 27: Satyrs MC The Satyrs Motorcycle Club of Los Angeles, the longest running gay organization in the world celebrated its milestone 50th Anniversary at the Hollywood Palladium on Saturday night, November 27 with 330 in attendance. The highlight of the evening was the screening of Original Pride, a documentary produced and directed by Scott Bloom who would later be inducted as club president. The film was impressive and will eventually appear on cable television for all the world to see. The audience seemed to like the encounter with the Hell's Angels and Satyr John Laird's bike challenge with two of them. It led to forming a bond with the legendary and notorious bike club.
2004, Nov. 30: Mystic Rose Books releases The Catalyst And Other Works by Laura Antoniou
2004, Dec.3-5: The Southwest Training Academy presented by Master Jim, Slave Marsha and guests of South West Leather Conference was held in Phoenix, AZ.
2004, Dec. 5: Atons of MN. The Atons of Minneapolis held their Holiday Fundraiser at the Bolt Underground in Minneapolis, MN to benefit the Aliveness Project and Open Arms of Minnesota. The Atons of Minneapolis , founded in 1972, is one of the nation's oldest active gay men's Leather / Levi social fraternity. We are dedicated to promoting a positive image of our lifestyle through our various social activities.
2004, Dec. 11: MSDB hosted its Fifth Annual Bizarre Bazaar at Trikkx in St. Paul, MN.
2004, Dec.: Hooker and Boys Production whipped out another year of their tinsel town antics with the Sixth Annual production of The 12 Days of Christmas at Baltimore's Club Hippo and raised $47,887. Also, THOR, a new men's BDSM club in Buena Park, CA saw about 15 men attend the first meeting in December.
2004, Dec. 31: The Spirit of Tri-Cen was alive and well in the City of Brotherly Love. The Philadelphians celebrated their 30th Anniversary during Tri-Cen XXX December 31 - January 2. The weekend included a formal banquet, cocktail parties, brunches a visit to the world-famous Mummer's Parade on Broad Street.

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Introduction || 2005 to || 1970 - 2004

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